header advert
Results 1 - 7 of 7
Results per page:
Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 12 | Pages 953 - 959
23 Dec 2022
Raval P See A Singh HP


Distal third clavicle (DTC) fractures are increasing in incidence. Due to their instability and nonunion risk, they prove difficult to treat. Several different operative options for DTC fixation are reported but current evidence suggests variability in operative fixation. Given the lack of consensus, our objective was to determine the current epidemiological trends in DTC as well as their management within the UK.


A multicentre retrospective cohort collaborative study was conducted. All patients over the age of 18 with an isolated DTC fracture in 2019 were included. Demographic variables were recorded: age; sex; side of injury; mechanism of injury; modified Neer classification grading; operative technique; fracture union; complications; and subsequent procedures. Baseline characteristics were described for demographic variables. Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 10 | Pages 815 - 825
20 Oct 2022
Athanatos L Kulkarni K Tunnicliffe H Samaras M Singh HP Armstrong AL


There remains a lack of consensus regarding the management of chronic anterior sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) instability. This study aimed to assess whether a standardized treatment algorithm (incorporating physiotherapy and surgery and based on the presence of trauma) could successfully guide management and reduce the number needing surgery.


Patients with chronic anterior SCJ instability managed between April 2007 and April 2019 with a standardized treatment algorithm were divided into non-traumatic (offered physiotherapy) and traumatic (offered surgery) groups and evaluated at discharge. Subsequently, midterm outcomes were assessed via a postal questionnaire with a subjective SCJ stability score, Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS, adapted for the SCJ), and pain visual analogue scale (VAS), with analysis on an intention-to-treat basis.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 1 | Pages 91 - 96
1 Jan 2022
Modi A Haque A Deore V Singh HP Pandey R


Long-term outcomes following the use of human dermal allografts in the treatment of symptomatic irreparable rotator cuff tears are not known. The aim of this study was to evaluate these outcomes, and to investigate whether this would be a good form of treatment in young patients in whom a reverse shoulder arthroplasty should ideally be avoided.


This prospective study included 47 shoulders in 45 patients who underwent an open reconstruction of the rotator cuff using an interposition GraftJacket allograft to bridge irreparable cuff tears, between January 2007 and November 2011. The Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS), pain score, and range of motion (ROM) were recorded preoperatively and at one year and a mean of 9.1 years (7.0 to 12.5) postoperatively.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1717 - 1724
1 Nov 2021
Singh HP Haque A Taub N Modi A Armstrong A Rangan A Pandey R


The main objective of this study was to examine whether the Oxford Shoulder Score (OSS) demonstrated floor or ceiling effects when used to measure outcomes following shoulder arthroplasty in a large national cohort. Secondary objectives were to assess its pain and function subscales, and to identify independent predictors for patients achieving a postoperative ceiling score following shoulder arthroplasty.


Secondary database analysis of the National Joint Registry (NJR), which included 48,270 patients undergoing shoulder arthroplasty, was conducted. The primary outcome measure was the OSS. Secondary outcome measures were the OSS-Function Component Subscale and OSS-Pain Component Subscale. Floor and ceiling effects were considered to be present if > 15% of patients scored either the lowest or highest possible score. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors for scoring the highest possible OSS score postoperatively.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1355 - 1358
1 Oct 2014
Mehta SS Singh HP Pandey R

Our aim was to compare the outcome of arthroscopic release for frozen shoulder in patients with and without diabetes. We prospectively compared the outcome in 21 patients with and 21 patients without diabetes, two years post-operatively. The modified Constant score was used as the outcome measure. The mean age of the patients was 54.5 years (48 to 65; male:female ratio: 18:24), the mean pre-operative duration of symptoms was 8.3 months (6 to 13) and the mean pre-operative modified Constant scores were 36.6 (standard deviation (sd) 4.6) and 38.4 (sd 5.7) in the diabetic and non-diabetic groups, respectively. The mean modified Constant scores at six weeks, six months and two years post-operatively in the diabetics were 55. 6 (sd 4.7), 67. 4 (sd 5.6) and 84. 4 (sd 6.8), respectively; and in the non-diabetics 66.8 (sd 4.5), 79.6 (sd 3.8) and 88.6 (sd 4.2), respectively. A total of 15 (71%) of diabetic patients recovered a full range of movement as opposed to 19 (90%) in the non-diabetics. There was significant improvement (p < 0.01) in the modified Constant scores following arthroscopic release for frozen shoulder in both groups. The results in diabetics were significantly worse than those in non-diabetics six months post-operatively (p < 0.01) with a tendency towards persistent limitation of movement two years after operation. These results may be used when counselling diabetic patients for the outcome after arthroscopic treatment of frozen shoulder.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1355–8.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1086 - 1089
1 Aug 2012
Magaji SA Singh HP Pandey RK

A total of 92 patients with symptoms for over six months due to subacromial impingement of the shoulder, who were being treated with physiotherapy, were included in this study. While continuing with physiotherapy they waited a further six months for surgery. They were divided into three groups based on the following four clinical and radiological criteria: temporary benefit following steroid injection, pain in the mid-arc of abduction, a consistently positive Hawkins test and radiological evidence of impingement. Group A fulfilled all four criteria, group B three criteria and group C two criteria. A total of nine patients improved while waiting for surgery and were excluded, leaving 83 who underwent arthroscopic subacromial decompression (SAD). The new Oxford shoulder score was recorded pre-operatively and at three and 12 months post-operatively.

A total of 51 patients (group A) had a significant improvement in the mean shoulder score from 18 (13 to 22) pre-operatively to 38 (35 to 42) at three months (p < 0.001). The mean score in this group was significantly better than in group B (21 patients) and C (11 patients) at this time. At one year patients in all groups showed improvement in scores, but patients in group A had a higher mean score (p = 0.01). At one year patients in groups A and B did better than those in group C (p = 0.01).

Arthroscopic SAD is a beneficial intervention in selected patients. The four criteria could help identify patients in whom it is likely to be most effective.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1433 - 1439
1 Nov 2011
Dias JJ Singh HP

A displaced fracture of the scaphoid is one in which the fragments have moved from their anatomical position or there is movement between them when stressed by physiological loads. Displacement is seen in about 20% of fractures of the waist of the scaphoid, as shown by translation, a gap, angulation or rotation. A CT scan in the true longitudinal axis of the scaphoid demonstrates the shape of the bone and displacement of the fracture more accurately than do plain radiographs. Displaced fractures can be treated in a plaster cast, accepting the risk of malunion and nonunion. Surgically the displacement can be reduced, checked radiologically, arthroscopically or visually, and stabilised with headless screws or wires. However, rates of union and deformity are unknown. Mild malunion is well tolerated, but the long-term outcome of a displaced fracture that healed in malalignment has not been established.

This paper summarises aspects of the assessment, treatment and outcome of displaced fractures of the waist of the scaphoid.