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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 6 | Pages 789 - 794
1 Jun 2014
Sukegawa K Kuniyoshi K Suzuki T Ogawa Y Okamoto S Shibayama M Kobayashi T Takahashi K

We conducted an anatomical study to determine the best technique for transfer of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) for the treatment of proximal ulnar nerve injuries. The AIN, ulnar nerve, and associated branches were dissected in 24 cadaver arms. The number of branches of the AIN and length available for transfer were measured. The nerve was divided just proximal to its termination in pronator quadratus and transferred to the ulnar nerve through the shortest available route. Separation of the deep and superficial branches of the ulnar nerve by blunt dissection alone, was also assessed. The mean number of AIN branches was 4.8 (3 to 8) and the mean length of the nerve available for transfer was 72 mm (41 to 106). The transferred nerve reached the ulnar nerve most distally when placed dorsal to flexor digitorum profundus (FDP). We therefore conclude that the AIN should be passed dorsal to FDP, and that the deep and superficial branches of the ulnar nerve require approximately 30 mm of blunt dissection and 20 mm of sharp dissection from the point of bifurcation to the site of the anastomosis.

The use of this technique for transfer of the AIN should improve the outcome for patients with proximal ulnar nerve injuries.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:789–94.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 5 | Pages 705 - 707
1 May 2011
Shibayama M Ito F Miura Y Nakamura S Ikeda S Fujiwara K

Patients with Bertolotti’s syndrome have characteristic lumbosacral anomalies and often have severe sciatica. We describe a patient with this syndrome in whom standard decompression of the affected nerve root failed, but endoscopic lumbosacral extraforaminal decompression relieved the symptoms.

We suggest that the intractable sciatica in this syndrome could arise from impingement of the nerve root extraforaminally by compression caused by the enlarged transverse process.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1066 - 1067
1 Aug 2008
Shibayama M Mizutani J Takahashi I Nagao S Ohta H Otsuka T

A dural tear is a common but troublesome complication of endoscopic spinal surgery. The limitations of space make repair difficult, and it is often necessary to proceed to an open operation to suture the dura in order to prevent leakage of cerebrospinal fluid. We describe a new patch technique in which a small piece of polyglactin 910 is fixed to the injured dura with fibrin glue. Three pieces are generally required to obtain a watertight closure after lavage with saline. We have applied this technique in seven cases. All recovered well with no adverse effects. MRI showed no sign of leakage of cerebrospinal fluid.