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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 6 | Pages 755 - 758
1 Jun 2005
Nizard R Sedel L Hannouche D Hamadouche M Bizot P

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 2 | Pages 190 - 194
1 Mar 2004
Bizot P Hannouche D Nizard R Witvoet J Sedel L

Between 1990 and 1992, we implanted 71 hybrid alumina-on-alumina hip arthroplasties in 62 consecutive patients under the age of 55 years, with a mean age of 46 years at surgery. There were 56 primary and 15 secondary procedures. The prostheses involved a cemented titanium alloy stem, a 32 mm alumina head, and a press-fit metal-backed socket with an alumina insert. Three patients (four hips) died from unrelated causes. Four hips had revision surgery for either deep infection, unexplained persistent pain, fracture of the alumina head, or aseptic loosening of the socket. The nine-year survival rate was 93.7% with revision for any cause as the end-point and 98.4% with revision for aseptic loosening as the end-point.

The outcome in the surviving patients (50 patients, 57 hips) with a minimum five-year follow-up (mean eight years) was excellent in 47 hips (82.5%), very good in eight (14%), good in one and fair in one. A thin, partial, lucent line, mainly in zone III was present in 38% of the sockets and one socket had a complete lucency less than 1 mm thick. One stem had isolated femoral osteolysis. There was no detectable component migration nor acetabular osteolysis.

This hybrid arthroplasty gave satisfactory medium-term results in active patients. The press-fit metal-backed socket appeared to have reliable fixation in alumina-on-alumina hip arthroplasty. The excellent results using cemented fixation of the stem may be related to the low production of wear debris.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 1 | Pages 17 - 20
1 Jan 2003
Langlais F Kerboull M Sedel L Ling RSM

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1207 - 1207
1 Nov 2002

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 7 | Pages 979 - 987
1 Sep 2001
Hamadouche M Witvoet J Porcher R Meunier A Sedel L Nizard R

We have carried out a prospective, randomised study designed to compare the long-term stability of the stem of cementless femoral implants with differing surface configurations. A total of 50 hips (46 patients) was randomised into two groups, according to whether the medullary stem had been grit blasted (GB) or coated with hydroxyapatite (HA). Both femoral prostheses were of the same geometrical design. We used Ein Bild Roentgen Analyse femoral component analysis (EBRA-FCA) to assess the stability of the stem. The mean follow-up was for 8.66 years.

The mean migration of the stem was 1.26 mm in the HA group compared with 2.57 mm in the GB group (Mann-Whitney U test, p = 0.04). A mixed model ANOVA showed that the development of subsidence was statistically different in the two groups during the first 24 months. After this subsidence increased in both groups with no difference between them. Our results indicate that, with the same design of stem, HA coating enhanced the stability of the femoral stem when compared with GB stems.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 4 | Pages 598 - 603
1 May 2001
Nevelos JE Prudhommeaux F Hamadouche M Doyle C Ingham E Meunier A Nevelos AB Sedel L Fisher J

We compared and quantified the modes of failure and patterns of wear of 11 Mittelmeier and 11 Ceraver-Ostal retrieved alumina-alumina hip prostheses with reference to the corresponding clinical and radiological histories.

Macroscopic wear was assessed using a three-dimensional co-ordinate measuring machine. Talysurf contacting profilometry was used to measure surface roughness on a microscopic scale and SEM to determine mechanisms of wear at the submicron level.

The components were classified into one of three categories of wear: low (no visible/measurable wear), stripe (elliptical wear stripe on the heads and larger worn areas on the cups) and severe (macroscopic wear, large volumes of material lost). Overall, the volumetric wear of the alumina-alumina prostheses was substantially less than the widely used metal and ceramic-on-polyethylene combinations. By identifying and eliminating the factors which accelerate wear, it is expected that the lifetime of these devices can be further increased.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 2 | Pages 157 - 164
1 Mar 2001
Hannouche D Petite H Sedel L

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1095 - 1099
1 Nov 2000
Hamadouche M Sedel L

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 4 | Pages 719 - 724
1 Jul 1999
Louisia S Stromboni M Meunier A Sedel L Petite H

Limited success in regenerating large bone defects has been achieved by bridging them with osteoconductive materials. These substitutes lack the osteogenic and osteoinductive properties of bone autograft. A direct approach would be to stimulate osteogenesis in these biomaterials by the addition of fresh bone-marrow cells (BMC).

We therefore created osteoperiosteal gaps 2 cm wide in the ulna of adult rabbits and either bridged them with coral alone (CC), coral supplemented with BMC, or left them empty. Coral was chosen as a scaffold because of its good biocompatibility and resorbability. In osteoperiosteal gaps bridged with coral only, the coral was invaded chiefly by fibrous tissue. It was insufficient to produce union after two months. In defects filled with coral and BMC an increase in osteogenesis was observed and the bone surface area was significantly higher compared with defects filled with coral alone. Bony union occurred in six out of six defects filled with coral and BMC after two months. An increase in the resorption of coral was also observed, suggesting that resorbing cells or their progenitors were present in bone marrow and survived the grafting procedure. Our findings have shown that supplementation of coral with BMC increased both the resorption of material and osteogenesis in defects of a clinical significance.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 3 | Pages 378 - 378
1 May 1999
Sedel L

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1082 - 1082
1 Nov 1998

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 1 | Pages 135 - 139
1 Jan 1997
Lerouge S Huk O Yahia L Witvoet J Sedel L

We made a semiquantitative study of the comparative histology of pseudomembranes from 12 loose cemented ceramic-ceramic and 18 metal-polyethylene total hip replacements. We found no significant difference in cellular reaction between the two groups, but there was a major difference in the origin of the particulate debris. In the metal-polyethylene group, polyethylene of articular origin was predominant, while in the ceramic-ceramic group the cellular reaction appeared to be a response to zirconia ceramic particles used to opacify cement used for fixation.

Isolation and characterisation of the debris showed that the zirconia particles formed the greatest proportion (76%) in ceramic-ceramic hips, while alumina debris of articular origin formed only 12%.

Our study has indicated that aseptic loosening of ceramic cups is not due to a response to debris generated at the articular interface, but to mechanical factors which lead to fragmentation of the cement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 6 | Pages 878 - 883
1 Nov 1996
Bizot P Witvoet J Sedel L

After an allogenic bone-marrow transplant, a vascular necrosis of the femoral head may affect young adults, producing destructive lesions which require hip replacement. We have reviewed 27 consecutive such total hip arthroplasties (THA) at a minimal follow-up of two years. Of these, 20 were primary operations for Ficat (1985) stage-III and stage-IV lesions, and seven were revisions after the failure of previous surgery. The median age at operation was 30 years (17.5 to 44). The prostheses had a cemented, collared titanium-alloy stem, an alumina-alumina joint, and a press-fit socket. Seven had a titanium-alloy metal back and 20 had all-alumina cups of which six had to be cemented.

At an average follow-up of five years, no patient had been lost to follow-up. One had died from septicaemia after two years and another with chronic graft-versus-host disease developed a deep infection 2.5 years postoperatively and had a successful revision. There were no revisions for aseptic loosening. The clinical results on the Merle d’Aubigné and Postel (1954) scale were very good or excellent in 23 hips (88%), good in one and fair in two. Ten hips showed incomplete acetabular radiolucencies less than 1 mm thick, but there were no radiolucent lines around the stems.

We conclude that for these difficult patients THA with ceramic joints and careful technique provides the best short- and medium-term option after the failure of medical treatment.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 3 | Pages 513 - 513
1 May 1996
Sedel L

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 5 | Pages 772 - 774
1 Sep 1993
Sedel L Nizard R

We report 17 patients who had grafting of the common peroneal nerve after traction injuries. Sixteen were reviewed at a median follow-up of 36 months. The nerve gap ranged from 7 to 20 cm. A functionally satisfactory result was achieved in six patients (37.5%), a fair result in six and a poor result in four. Seven patients had, in addition, a posterior tibialis tendon transfer; this improved the result in five. Grafting produced some satisfactory results even when the nerve gap was as long as 20 cm.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 3 | Pages 331 - 332
1 May 1992
Sedel L

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 4 | Pages 658 - 663
1 Jul 1990
Sedel L Kerboull L Christel P Meunier A Witvoet J

Total hip replacement using an alumina head and socket and a titanium alloy stem is evaluated in a series of patients under 50 years of age. Between April 1977 and December 1986, 86 such replacements were performed in 75 patients, but mainly because patients had difficulty travelling from Africa, only 71 hips were followed up adequately; of these, 56 were primary procedures and 15 revisions. Survivorship analysis showed that 98% of the prostheses were retained for 10 years. On clinical and radiological examination 51 of the 71 hips were stable and acceptable, 15 had radiological changes on the acetabular side, and one on the femoral side; four other cases had clinical and radiological changes suggesting impending failure, possibly because fixation of the socket was inadequate. There were no differences between the results of the primary procedures and those of revisions. In these young patients, the results seem better with alumina-on-alumina hips than with other varieties, possibly because of their remarkably low wear.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 64-B, Issue 1 | Pages 54 - 66
1 Feb 1982
Sedel L

Between October 1972 and December 1980, 139 post-traumatic brachial plexus palsies were operated upon by the same surgeon. The results of 63 are reported with a follow up of at least three years for the 32 complete palsies and two years for the 31 partial palsies. The protocol for examination and surgical repair is described. Major repairs were performed in 48, including suture, interfascicular grafting and nerve transfer. The remaining 15 had a neurolysis. The results are given for each type of lesion and for each kind of repair. Two series of complete palsies, one treated operatively, the other conservatively, are compared. It is concluded that surgical repair gives good results in partial palsies and in some complete palsies. Nerve transfer or graft gives some improvement but the usefulness of the limb remains disappointing.