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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1045 - 1053
1 Aug 2010
Phillips CL Silver DAT Schranz PJ Mandalia V

Many radiographic techniques have been described for measuring patellar height. They can be divided into two groups: those that relate the position of the patella to the femur (direct) and those that relate it to the tibia (indirect). This article looks at the methods that have been described, the logic behind their conception and the critical analyses that have been performed to test them.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 6 | Pages 800 - 803
1 Jun 2005
Ramesh R Von Arx O Azzopardi T Schranz PJ

We assessed hyperextension of the knee and joint laxity in 169 consecutive patients who underwent an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction between 2000 and 2002 and correlated this with a selected number of age- and gender-matched controls. In addition, the mechanism of injury in the majority of patients was documented. Joint laxity was present in 42.6% (72 of 169) of the patients and hyperextension of the knee in 78.7% (133 of 169). All patients with joint laxity had hyperextension of their knee. In the control group only 21.5% (14 of 65) had joint laxity and 37% (24 of 65) had hyperextension of the knee. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation for these associations. We conclude that anterior cruciate ligament injury is more common in those with joint laxity and particularly so for those with hyperextension of the knee.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 1 | Pages 91 - 92
1 Jan 1999
Hambidge JE Desai VV Schranz PJ Compson JP Davis TRC Barton NJ

Acute fractures of the scaphoid were randomly allocated for conservative treatment in a Colles’-type plaster cast with the wrist immobilised in either 20° flexion or 20° extension. The position of the wrist did not influence the rate of union of the fracture (89%) but when reviewed after six months the wrists which had been immobilised in flexion had a greater restriction of extension. We recommend that acute fractures of the scaphoid should be treated in a Colles’-type cast with the wrist in slight extension.