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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 3 | Pages 423 - 427
1 May 1994
Amstutz H Grigoris P Safran M Grecula M Campbell P Schmalzried T

Cemented Ti-6Al-4V components were used to resurface ten femoral heads in nine young adult patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (average age 32 years; range 20 to 51). There were eight hips at Ficat stage III and two at stage IV. Five hips have maintained satisfactory function for an average period of 11.2 years (10 to 12.2) with no radiographic evidence of component loosening or osteolysis; five have been revised after an average period of 7.8 years (3.3 to 10.3) for pain caused by deterioration of the acetabular cartilage. No component required revision for loosening and the specimens retrieved at revision showed no evidence of osteolysis despite burnishing of the titanium bearing surface and the presence of particulate titanium debris in the tissues.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 6 | Pages 980 - 981
1 Nov 1993
Schmalzried T

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 4 | Pages 608 - 615
1 Jul 1993
Schmalzried T Harris W

We have reviewed 97 consecutive primary hip replacements with a cemented femoral component and a porous-ingrowth acetabular component at a minimum five-year follow-up (average 6.5 years). The average Harris hip score was 93, and 85 hips had no pain or only slight pain. There had been no deterioration in the results since the two-year follow-up. The hybrid hip is successful for up to eight years and appears to be suitable for many patients. Long-term femoral fixation has been shown to improve with second-generation cementing techniques and in this series was excellent with third-generation techniques, in that only one stem was revised for loosening. No cementless acetabular component was revised for loosening.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 75-B, Issue 1 | Pages 161 - 162
1 Jan 1993
Campbell P Kossovsky N Schmalzried T

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 4 | Pages 635 - 642
1 Aug 1986
Nilsson O Urist M Dawson E Schmalzried T Finerman G

In dogs, resection of a length of the ulna equal to twice the diameter of the mid-shaft leaves a defect which consistently fails to unite. In response to an implant of 100 mg of bovine bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), the defect becomes filled by callus consisting of fibrocartilage, cartilage and woven bone within four weeks. The cartilage is resorbed and replaced by new bone in four to eight weeks. Woven bone is then resorbed, colonised by bone marrow cells and remodelled into lamellar bone. Union of the defect is produced by 12 weeks. Control defects filled with autogeneic cortical bone chips unite after the same period. In regeneration induced by bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and in repair enhanced by bone graft, union depends upon the proliferation of cells within and around the bone ends. Our working hypothesis is that BMP induces the differentiation of perivascular connective tissue cells into chondroblasts and osteoprogenitor cells and thereby augments the process of bone regeneration from the cells already present in the endosteum and periosteum.