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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1586 - 1588
1 Nov 2010
Perry DC Tawfiq SM Roche A Shariff R Garg NK James LA Sampath J Bruce CE

The association between idiopathic congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) and developmental dysplasia of the hip is uncertain. We present an observational cohort study spanning 6.5 years of selective ultrasound screening of hips in clubfoot. From 119 babies with CTEV there were nine cases of hip dysplasia, in seven individuals. This suggests that 1 in 17 babies with CTEV will have underlying hip dysplasia.

This study supports selective ultrasound screening of hips in infants with CTEV.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 3 | Pages 382 - 384
1 Mar 2008
Ballal MS Dawoodi A Sampath J Bass A

Transepiphyseal separation of the neck of the femur following grand mal seizures is described in two children with cerebral palsy. Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation was followed by a period in a hip spica. Although the incidence of avascular necrosis of the femoral head is high following such injury, this has not occurred in these patients at a follow-up of 18 months.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1385 - 1387
1 Oct 2006
Changulani M Garg NK Rajagopal TS Bass A Nayagam SN Sampath J Bruce CE

We report our initial experience of using the Ponseti method for the treatment of congenital idiopathic club foot.

Between November 2002 and November 2004 we treated 100 feet in 66 children by this method. The standard protocol described by Ponseti was used except that, when necessary, percutaneous tenotomy of tendo Achillis were performed under general anaesthesia in the operating theatre and not under local anaesthesia in the out-patient department. The Pirani score was used for assessment and the mean follow-up time was 18 months (6 to 30).

The results were also assessed in terms of the number of casts applied, the need for tenotomy of tendo Achillis and recurrence of the deformity. Tenotomy was required in 85 of the 100 feet. There was a failure to respond to the initial regimen in four feet which then required extensive soft-tissue release. Of the 96 feet which responded to initial casting, 31 (32%) had a recurrence, 16 of which were successfully treated by repeat casting and/or tenotomy and/or transfer of the tendon of tibialis anterior. The remaining 15 required extensive soft-tissue release. Poor compliance with the foot-abduction orthoses (Denis Browne splint) was thought to be the main cause of failure in these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1224 - 1227
1 Sep 2006
Arumilli BRB Koneru P Garg NK Davies R Saville S Sampath J Bruce C

The practice of regular radiological follow-up of infants with a positive family history of developmental dysplasia of the hip is based on the widespread belief that primary acetabular dysplasia is a genetic disorder which can occur in the absence of frank subluxation or dislocation. We reviewed all infants who were involved in our screening programme for developmental dysplasia of the hip, between November 2002 and January 2004, and who had a normal clinical and ultrasound examination of the hip at six to eight weeks of age, but who, because of a family history of developmental dysplasia of the hip, had undergone further radiography after an interval of 6 to 12 months. The radiographs of 89 infants were analysed for signs of late dysplasia of the hip and assessed independently by three observers to allow for variability of measurement. There were 11 infants (11%) lost to follow-up.

All the patients had normal radiographs at the final follow-up and none required any intervention. We therefore question the need for routine radiological follow-up of infants with a positive family history of developmental dysplasia of the hip, but who are normal on clinical examination and assessment by ultrasound screening when six to eight weeks old.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1541 - 1544
1 Nov 2005
Zenios M Sampath J Cole C Khan T Galasko CSB

Subluxation of the hip is common in patients with intermediate spinal muscular atrophy. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the influence of surgery on pain and function, as well as the natural history of subluxed hips which were treated conservatively. Thirty patients were assessed clinically and radiologically. Of the nine who underwent surgery only one reported satisfaction and four had recurrent subluxation. Of the 21 patients who had no surgery, 18 had subluxation at the latest follow-up, but only one reported pain in the hip. We conclude that surgery for subluxation of the hip in these patients is not justified.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 84-B, Issue 7 | Pages 986 - 990
1 Sep 2002
Dhukaram V Hossain S Sampath J Barrie JL

Between March 1995 and January 2000 we reviewed retrospectively 84 patients with hammer-toe deformity (99 feet; 179 toes) who had undergone metatarsophalangeal soft-tissue release and proximal interphalangeal arthroplasty. The median follow-up was 28 months. Patients were assessed by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Scores (AOFAS) and reviewed by independent assessors.

The median AOFAS score was 83, with 87% of patients having a score of more than 60 points; 83% were satisfied and 17% were dissatisfied with the procedure. Pain at the metatarsophalangeal joint was the commonest cause of dissatisfaction, with 14% having moderate or severe pain. Only 2.5% had instability and 9% had formation of callus.

There was no statistical difference for the age and gender of the patients, the number of toes operated on, associated surgery for hallux valgus or length of follow-up. Our study was based on an anatomical model and shows good results with no recurrence of deformity.