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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 5, Issue 2 | Pages 79 - 86
1 Feb 2024
Sato R Hamada H Uemura K Takashima K Ando W Takao M Saito M Sugano N


This study aimed to investigate the incidence of ≥ 5 mm asymmetry in lower and whole leg lengths (LLs) in patients with unilateral osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH-OA) and primary hip osteoarthritis (PHOA), and the relationship between lower and whole LL asymmetries and femoral length asymmetry.


In total, 116 patients who underwent unilateral total hip arthroplasty were included in this study. Of these, 93 had DDH-OA and 23 had PHOA. Patients with DDH-OA were categorized into three groups: Crowe grade I, II/III, and IV. Anatomical femoral length, femoral length greater trochanter (GT), femoral length lesser trochanter (LT), tibial length, foot height, lower LL, and whole LL were evaluated using preoperative CT data of the whole leg in the supine position. Asymmetry was evaluated in the Crowe I, II/III, IV, and PHOA groups.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 1 | Pages 20 - 28
10 Jan 2022
Fujii H Hayama T Abe T Takahashi M Amagami A Matsushita Y Otani T Saito M


Although the short stem concept in hip arthroplasty procedure shows acceptable clinical performance, we sometimes get unexplainable radiological findings. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate changes of radiological findings up to three years postoperatively, and to assess any potential contributing factors on such radiological change in a Japanese population.


This is a retrospective radiological study conducted in Japan. Radiological assessment was done in accordance with predetermined radiological review protocol. A total of 241 hips were included in the study and 118 hips (49.0%) revealed radiological change from immediately after surgery to one year postoperatively; these 118 hips were eligible for further analyses. Each investigator screened whether either radiolucent lines (RLLs), cortical hypertrophy (CH), or atrophy (AT) appeared or not on the one-year radiograph. Further, three-year radiographs of eligible cases were reviewed to determine changes such as, disappeared (D), improved (I), stable (S), and progression (P). Additionally, bone condensation (BC) was assessed on the three-year radiograph.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 7 | Pages 822 - 831
1 Jul 2020
Kuroda Y Saito M Çınar EN Norrish A Khanduja V


This paper aims to review the evidence for patient-related factors associated with less favourable outcomes following hip arthroscopy.


Literature reporting on preoperative patient-related risk factors and outcomes following hip arthroscopy were systematically identified from a computer-assisted literature search of Pubmed (Medline), Embase, and Cochrane Library using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and a scoping review.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 5 | Pages 734 - 739
1 Sep 1992
Sugano N Takaoka K Ohzono K Matsui M Saito M Saito S

We reviewed 41 hips in 40 patients at three to 11 years (average 6.3 years) after Sugioka transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy for non-traumatic avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The clinical results were excellent or good in 23 hips (56%) and the radiological success rate was 56%. Failure was due to fracture of the femoral neck, nonunion of the osteotomy, secondary collapse, or osteoarthritis. Nonunion and femoral neck fracture were more common after the use of the large screws described by Sugioka than with AO blade plates. Secondary collapse was significantly more common when less than one-third of the posterior articular surface was intact (p = 0.002). Postoperative degenerative changes were seen in cases with stage III avascular necrosis. We conclude that success depends to a large extent on the amount and stage of necrosis of the femoral head, but that careful technique and the use of AO hip plates may increase the likelihood of a satisfactory result.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 1 | Pages 68 - 72
1 Jan 1991
Ohzono K Saito M Takaoka K Ono K Saito S Nishina T Kadowaki T

We studied the natural history of nontraumatic avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) in 115 hips in 87 patients, 69 steroid-induced, 21 related to misuse of alcohol and 25 idiopathic. The average length of follow-up was over five years. Collapse occurred most often when the focus of bone necrosis occupied the weight-bearing surface of the femoral head. Flatness of the head due to subchondral fracture was an early manifestation of collapse. Classification into six types based upon the radiographic findings provided an accurate prognosis for individual cases of ANFH which is useful in planning treatment and in assessing its outcome.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 5 | Pages 746 - 751
1 Nov 1987
Saito M Saito S Ohzono K Ono K

We have followed up a series of total hip arthroplasties performed for secondary osteoarthritis and analysed the results in relation to the osteoblastic response to the disease. This was assessed pre-operatively from the radiographic appearance, according to Bombelli's criteria (1983). Of 63 hips in 55 patients followed up for five to 13 years, 17 were hypertrophic, 24 normotrophic and 22 atrophic in type. The atrophic-type hips showed a high incidence of acetabular loosening, leading to unsatisfactory clinical results in 32%. By contrast, the hypertrophic-type hips had a low incidence of acetabular loosening, while the normotrophic type showed intermediate results. It was concluded that the osteoblastic response to osteoarthritis is closely related to acetabular loosening and to late clinical failure.