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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 6 | Pages 937 - 942
1 Nov 1995
Ljung P Jonsson K Rydholm U

We reviewed 50 capitellocondylar elbow replacements performed by the lateral approach in 42 rheumatoid patients, at a median follow-up of three years. There were two major and 17 minor complications; 18 were early and one was late. Eight elbows required reoperation: soft-tissue surgery was performed in seven and prosthesis removal in one because of a deep infection. There were few problems of instability, but one patient sustained a traumatic dislocation which was stabilised after ligament reconstruction. Wound healing was delayed in two of five elbows which had been immobilised postoperatively for only five days, but healing was rapid in 45 elbows immobilised for 12 days. There was transient ulnar-nerve palsy postoperatively in 11 patients, with permanent palsy in three. All elbows were painfree or only slightly painful at follow-up; 49 were stable and 43 had a range of motion sufficient for activities of daily living. Radiological loosening of the humeral component was suspected in one asymptomatic elbow. The lateral approach is recommended for use with the capitellocondylar type of prosthesis in rheumatoid elbows with reasonably well-preserved bone stock.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 2 | Pages 223 - 228
1 Mar 1986
Rydholm U Elborgh R Ranstam J Schroder A Svantesson H Lidgren L

We report 60 synovectomies of the knee in 51 children with juvenile chronic arthritis. Synovitis had been present for an average of 5 years and the average age at operation was 13 years. Results were evaluated in terms of pain, knee movement, relapse of synovitis and radiological change during a follow-up averaging 7.5 years. The relief of pain was rewarding and there was a slight postoperative gain in range of knee movement in most cases. The older the patient at onset of disease, the greater the risk of pain during follow-up. Progressive joint destruction was more common in younger patients, those with systemic or polyarticular disease, and those with highly active disease at the time of operation. Recurrence of synovitis was more frequent in patients who had their operation in a phase of high disease activity; this occurred most often in patients with polyarticular disease.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 5 | Pages 737 - 741
1 Nov 1984
Rydholm U Tjornstrand B Pettersson H Lidgren L

Fifteen patients with rheumatoid arthritis had 19 elbow arthroplasties with the Wadsworth type of surface replacement prosthesis. After a follow-up period averaging 30 months, 11 patients with 15 elbow arthroplasties were entirely satisfied with their freedom from pain and range of movement. Radiologically, however, the humeral component was loose in 10 of the 19 elbows and the ulnar component in 5. Two patients had reoperation, one to remove a prosthesis for early deep infection and one to exchange a humeral component which was loose. The risk of mechanical loosening is reduced by accurate positioning of the humeral component, but there is a high potential for failure. Changes in the design of the prosthesis and better instrumentation for alignment of the components are desirable. Prosthetic replacement of the elbow should still be regarded as experimental.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 64-B, Issue 2 | Pages 215 - 217
1 Apr 1982
Albrektsson B Rydholm A Rydholm U

There are few reports on the tarsal tunnel syndrome in children. This paper concerns 10 such children. In adults the syndrome is equally distributed among the sexes but all these children were girls. Trauma preceded the symptoms in only two cases. The symptoms differed in some aspects from those usually seen in adults. Six of the children walked with the affected foot in supination. Three of the six, and one other, used crutches at intervals. All were operated on and at follow-up nine were symptom-free and the tenth had improved.