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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 4 | Pages 446 - 450
1 Apr 2008
Bailie AG Lewis PL Brumby SA Roy S Paterson RS Campbell DG

The Unispacer knee system is a cobalt-chrome self-centring tibial hemiarthroplasty device for use in the treatment of isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. The indications for use are similar to those for high tibial osteotomy, but insertion does not require bone cuts or component fixation, and does not compromise future knee replacement surgery. A prospective study of a consecutive series of 18 patients treated with the Unispacer between June 2003 and August 2004 was carried out to determine the early clinical results of this device. The mean age of the patients was 49 years (40 to 57). A total of eight patients (44%) required revision within two years. In two patients revision to a larger spacer was required, and in six conversion to either a unicompartmental or total knee replacement was needed. At the most recent review 12 patients (66.7%) had a Unispacer remaining in situ. The mean modified visual analogue score for these patients at a mean follow-up of 19 months (12 to 26) was 3.0 (0 to 11.5). The mean pain level was 30% that of the mean pre-operative level of 10. The early clinical results using this device have been disappointing.

This study demonstrates that use of the Unispacer in isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis is associated with a high rate of revision surgery and provides unpredictable relief of pain.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1423 - 1424
1 Oct 2005
Roy S Dobson P Henry L

Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumour. The risk of sarcomatous change in an isolated lesion is approximately 1%. We report a case of an isolated osteochondroma which appeared benign on clinical and plain radiographic examination but routine histological analysis revealed non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in the underlying bone. This association has not previously been reported and the case emphasises the importance of routine histological analysis, even if a lesion appears benign.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 2 | Pages 229 - 233
1 Mar 1999
Ramesh M Morrissey B Healy JB Roy-Choudhury S Macey AC

Acute swelling of the hand is a common problem after trauma or surgery and is associated with both pain and loss of function. We describe a prospective study of 47 patients in which we assessed the effects of a pneumatic compression device (A-V impulse hand pump) on the swollen hand. The pump reduced swelling by increasing the velocity of venous return as demonstrated by Duplex scanning of the median cubital vein.

Continuous use of the pump for 48 hours gave a reduction of 78.6% in swelling of the injured hand compared with the opposite, uninjured side. Even when used intermittently, with the pump on for 12 hours out of 24, a statistically significant effect was seen.

There was a subjective reduction in pain and an objective improvement in function of the hand. Use of the pump resulted in a nearly normal hand by the time of discharge from hospital after, on average, 48 hours.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 51-B, Issue 3 | Pages 529 - 539
1 Aug 1969
Liverpool GM Roy S

1. The surface of mature adult human articular cartilage from the knee has been studied by electron microscopy in eleven patients ranging in age from thirty-seven to eighty-three years. The ultrastructural appearance varies from person to person and often from area to area in the same specimen. These variations range from an intact surface to one showing overt fibrillation visible with the light microscope.

2. In areas where the articular surface appears intact the underlying superficial matrix consists of closely packed collagen fibres with only a small amount of interfibrillary ground substance. The collagen fibres show a predominantly tangential orientation in this region of the cartilage. Osmophilic lipidic bodies are sometimes seen in the matrix very close to the joint surface.

3. The appearances under the electron microscope are altered in what is interpreted as an early ultrastructural change in the development of cartilage fibrillation. In the affected areas the collagen fibres show abnormally wide separation by an excessive amount of interfibrillary matrix. Collagen fibres become directly exposed to the joint cavity, and the surface can also show accumulations of finely granular material and sometimes tuft-like projections containing collagen fibres and fine fibrils. At a slightly later stage shallow clefts and steeply sloping curves are apparent at the surface. It is suggested that these various alterations precede the development of overt fibrillation visible under the light microscope.

4. Electron micrographs occasionally show small "blisters" at the articular surface. Electron microscopy has not given evidence of shedding of cells into the joint cavity from non-fibrillated areas of adult human articular cartilage. Cells can, however, sometimes become exposed at the surface in fibrillated areas.