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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1222 - 1226
1 Sep 2014
W-Dahl A Sundberg M Lidgren L Ranstam J Robertsson O

We identified a group of patients from the Swedish Arthroplasty Register who reported no relief of pain or worse pain one year after a total knee replacement (TKR). A total of two different patient-reported pain scores were used during this process. We then evaluated how the instruments used to measure pain affected the number of patients who reported no relief of pain or worse pain, and the relative effect of potential risk factors.

Between 2008 and 2010, 2883 TKRs were performed for osteoarthritis in two Swedish arthroplasty units. After applying exclusion criteria, 2123 primary TKRs (2123 patients) were included in the study. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for knee pain were used to assess patients pre-operatively and one year post-operatively.

Only 50 of the 220 patients (23%) who reported no pain relief on either the KOOS pain subscale or the VAS for knee pain did so with both of these instruments. Patients who reported no pain relief on either measure tended to have less pain pre-operatively but a higher degree of anxiety. Charnley category C was a predictor for not gaining pain relief as measured on a VAS for knee pain.

The number of patients who are not relieved of pain after a TKR differs considerably depending on the instrument used to measure pain.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1222–6.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 7 | Pages 217 - 222
1 Jul 2014
Robertsson O Ranstam J Sundberg M W-Dahl A Lidgren L

We are entering a new era with governmental bodies taking an increasingly guiding role, gaining control of registries, demanding direct access with release of open public information for quality comparisons between hospitals. This review is written by physicians and scientists who have worked with the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR) periodically since it began. It reviews the history of the register and describes the methods used and lessons learned.

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2014;3:217–22.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 11_Supple_A | Pages 148 - 152
1 Nov 2013
Dunbar MJ Richardson G Robertsson O

Satisfaction is increasingly employed as an outcome measure for a successful total knee replacement (TKR). Satisfaction as an outcome measure encompasses many different intrinsic and extrinsic factors related to a person’s experience before and after TKR. The Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Registry has previously demonstrated on a large population study that 17% of TKR recipients are not satisfied with their TKR outcome. This finding has been replicated in other countries. Similar significant factors emerged from these registry studies that are related to satisfaction. It would appear that satisfaction is better after more chronic diseases and whether the TKR results in pain relief or improved function. Importantly, unmet pre-operative expectations are a significant predictor for dissatisfaction following a TKR. It may be possible to improve rates by addressing the issues surrounding pain, function and expectation before embarking on surgery.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B, Supple A:148–52.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1558 - 1561
1 Dec 2008
Ranstam J Wagner P Robertsson O Lidgren L

Public disclosure of outcome-orientated ranking of hospitals is becoming increasingly popular and is routinely used by Swedish health-care authorities. Whereas uncertainty about an outcome is usually presented with 95% confidence intervals, ranking’s based on the same outcome are typically presented without any concern for bias or statistical precision. In order to study the effect of incomplete registration of re-operation on hospital ranking we performed a simulation study using published data on the two-year risk of re-operation after total hip replacement.

This showed that whereas minor registration incompleteness has little effect on the observed risk of revision, it can lead to major errors in the ranking of hospitals. We doubt whether a level of data entry sufficient to generate a correct ranking can be achieved, and recommend that when ranking hospitals, the uncertainties about data quality and random events should be clearly described as an integral part of the results.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 599 - 603
1 May 2007
Robertsson O Stefánsdòttir A Lidgren L Ranstam J

Patients with osteoarthritis undergoing knee replacement have been reported to have an overall reduced mortality compared with that of the general population. This has been attributed to the selection of healthier patients for surgery. However, previous studies have had a maximum follow-up time of ten years. We have used information from the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register to study the mortality of a large national series of patients with total knee replacement for up to 28 years after surgery and compared their mortality with that of the normal population. In addition, for a subgroup of patients operated on between 1980 and 2002 we analysed their registered causes of death to determine if they differed from those expected.

We found a reduced overall mortality during the first 12 post-operative years after which it increased and became significantly higher than that of the general population. Age-specific analysis indicated an inverse correlation between age and mortality, where the younger the patients were, the higher their mortality. The shift at 12 years was caused by a relative over-representation of younger patients with a longer follow-up. Analysis of specific causes of death showed a higher mortality for cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and urogenital diseases. The observation that early onset of osteoarthritis of the knee which has been treated by total knee replacement is linked to an increased mortality should be a reason for increased general awareness of health problems in these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 1 - 4
1 Jan 2007
Robertsson O

This article considers the establishment, purpose and conduct of knee arthroplasty registers using the Swedish register as an example. The methods of collection of appropriate data, the cost, and the ways in which this information may be used are considered.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 3 | Pages 339 -
1 Apr 2001
Dunbar MJ Robertsson O Ryd L Lidgren L

The Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Registry (SKAR) has recorded knee arthroplasties prospectively in Sweden since 1975. The only outcome measure available to date has been revision status. While questionnaires on health outcome may function as more comprehensive endpoints, it is unclear which are the most appropriate. We tested various outcome questionnaires in order to determine which is the best for patients who have had knee arthroplasty as applied in a cross-sectional, discriminative, postal survey.

Four general health questionnaires (NHP, SF-12, SF-36 and SIP) and three disease/site-specific questionnaires (Lequesne, Oxford-12, and WOMAC) were tested on 3600 patients randomly selected from the SKAR. Differences were found between questionnaires in response rate, time required for completion, the need for assistance, the efficiency of completion, the validity of the content and the reliability. The mean overall ranks for each questionnaire were generated. The SF-12 ranked the best for the general health, and the Oxford-12 for the disease/site-specific questionnaires. These two questionnaires could therefore be recommended as the most appropriate for use with a large knee arthroplasty database in a cross-sectional population.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 45 - 49
1 Jan 2001
Robertsson O Knutson K Lewold S Lidgren L

A total of 10474 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties was performed for medial osteoarthritis in Sweden between 1986 and 1995. We sought to establish whether the number of operations performed in an orthopaedic unit affected the incidence of revision. Three different implants were analysed: one with a high revision rate, known to have unfavourable mechanical and design properties; a prosthesis which is technically demanding with a known increased rate of revision; and the most commonly used unicompartmental device.

Most of the units performed relatively few unicompartmental knee arthroplasties per year and there was an association between the mean number carried out and the risk of later revision. The effect of the mean number of operations per year on the risk of revision varied. The technically demanding implant was most affected, that most commonly used less so, and the outcome of the unfavourable design was not influenced by the number of operations performed.

For unicompartmental arthroplasty, the long-term results are related to the number performed by the unit, probably expressing the standards of management in selecting the patients and performing the operation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 4 | Pages 506 - 507
1 May 2000
Robertsson O Scott G Freeman MAR

We report a ten-year rate of survival of 96% for the cemented Freeman-Samuelson knee arthroplasty in patients from the Swedish Knee Registry and the Royal London Hospital with revision for aseptic loosening as the criterion for failure.