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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 345 - 351
1 Apr 2000
Hintermann B Regazzoni P Lampert C Stutz G Gächter A

We have evaluated prospectively the arthroscopic findings in acute fractures of the ankle in 288 consecutive patients (148 men and 140 women) with a mean age of 45.6 years. According to the AO-Danis-Weber classification there were 14 type-A fractures, 198 type B and 76 type C.

Lesions of the cartilage were found in 228 ankles (79.2%), more often on the talus (69.4%) than on the distal tibia (45.8%), the fibula (45.1%), or the medial malleolus (41.3%). There were more lesions in men than in women and in general they were more severe in men (p < 0.05). They also tended to be worse in patients under 30 years and in those over 60 years of age. The frequency and severity of the lesions increased from type-B to type-C fractures (p < 0.05). Within each type of fracture the lesions increased from subgroups 1 to 3 (p < 0.05). The anterior tibiofibular ligament was injured with increased frequency from type-B.1 to type-C.3 fractures (p < 0.05), but it was not torn in all cases. While lateral ligamentous injuries were seen more often in type-B than in type-C fractures (p < 0.05), no difference was noted in the frequency of deltoid ligamentous lesions.

Our findings show that arthroscopy is useful in identifying associated intra-articular lesions in acute fractures of the ankle.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 340 - 344
1 Apr 2000
Jakob M Rikli DA Regazzoni P

Stable fixation of fractures of the distal radius can be achieved by using two 2.0 mm titanium plates placed on the radial and intermediate columns angled 50° to 70° apart. We describe our results with this method in a prospective series of 74 fractures (58 severely comminuted) in 73 consecutive patients.

Early postoperative mobilisation was possible in all except four wrists. All of the 73 patients, except two with other injuries, returned to work and daily activities with no limitations. The anatomical results were excellent or good in 72 patients and fair in one.

Our discussion includes details of important technical considerations based on an analysis of the specific complications which were seen early in the series.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 4 | Pages 588 - 592
1 Jul 1996
Rikli DA Regazzoni P

Fractures of the distal end of the radius should be treated on the same principles as other fractures involving joints. Displaced articular fractures require open reduction to allow anatomical reconstruction of both the radiocarpal and the radio-ulnar joints. For extra-articular fractures with severe comminution and shortening this enables the radial length to be re-established achieving radio-ulnar congruency.

Stable internal fixation can be achieved with two 2.0 AO titanium plates placed on each of the ‘lateral’ and the ‘intermediate’ columns of the wrist at an angle of 50° to 70°. This gives good stability despite the tiny dimensions of the plates, and allows early function. We report a series of 20 fractures treated by this method of internal fixation with satisfactory results in all.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 5 | Pages 793 - 796
1 Sep 1994
John H Rosso R Neff U Bodoky A Regazzoni P Harder F

We treated 49 patients at an average age of 80 years (75 to 90) with distal mostly intraarticular humeral fractures by open reduction. There were 8 class A, 13 class B and 28 class C fractures on Muller's classification. The patients were reviewed at a postoperative average of 18 months. The patients' assessment of the result was very good in 31%, good in 49%, fair in 15% and poor in 5%. The flexion-extension range was very good in 41%, good in 44% and fair in 15%. The incidence of implant failure, pseudarthrosis of the olecranon osteotomy and ulnar nerve lesion was no higher in these elderly patients than in younger patients. Old age is not a contraindication to open reduction and internal fixation; it is important to restore full function.