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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1222 - 1226
1 Sep 2014
W-Dahl A Sundberg M Lidgren L Ranstam J Robertsson O

We identified a group of patients from the Swedish Arthroplasty Register who reported no relief of pain or worse pain one year after a total knee replacement (TKR). A total of two different patient-reported pain scores were used during this process. We then evaluated how the instruments used to measure pain affected the number of patients who reported no relief of pain or worse pain, and the relative effect of potential risk factors.

Between 2008 and 2010, 2883 TKRs were performed for osteoarthritis in two Swedish arthroplasty units. After applying exclusion criteria, 2123 primary TKRs (2123 patients) were included in the study. The Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for knee pain were used to assess patients pre-operatively and one year post-operatively.

Only 50 of the 220 patients (23%) who reported no pain relief on either the KOOS pain subscale or the VAS for knee pain did so with both of these instruments. Patients who reported no pain relief on either measure tended to have less pain pre-operatively but a higher degree of anxiety. Charnley category C was a predictor for not gaining pain relief as measured on a VAS for knee pain.

The number of patients who are not relieved of pain after a TKR differs considerably depending on the instrument used to measure pain.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1222–6.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 7 | Pages 217 - 222
1 Jul 2014
Robertsson O Ranstam J Sundberg M W-Dahl A Lidgren L

We are entering a new era with governmental bodies taking an increasingly guiding role, gaining control of registries, demanding direct access with release of open public information for quality comparisons between hospitals. This review is written by physicians and scientists who have worked with the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register (SKAR) periodically since it began. It reviews the history of the register and describes the methods used and lessons learned.

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2014;3:217–22.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 4 | Pages 441 - 446
1 Apr 2009
Ornstein E Linder L Ranstam J Lewold S Eisler T Torper M

We identified 1305 femoral impaction bone grafting revisions using the Exeter stem performed between 1989 and 2002 in 30 hospitals throughout Sweden. There were 1188 patients with a mean age of 71 years (29 to 94) followed up for between five and 18 years.

The participating departments reported 70 further revisions in total, of which 57 could also be identified on the Swedish National Arthroplasty Registry.

Kaplan-Meier survivorship for all causes of failure was 94.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) 92 to 96) for women and 94.7% (95% CI, 92 to 96) for men at 15 years. Survivorship at 15 years for aseptic loosening was 99.1% (95% CI 98.4 to 99.5), for infection 98.6% (95% CI 97.6 to 99.2), for subsidence 99.0% (95% CI 98.2 to 99.4) and for fracture 98.7% (95% CI 97.9 to 99.2)

Statistically significant predictors of failure were the year in which revision was conducted (p < 0.001). The number of previous revisions was slightly above the level of signifance (p = 0.056). Age, gender, the length of the stem and previous septic loosening were not predictors of failure (p = 0.213, p = 0.399, p = 0.337, p = 0.687, respectively). The difference in survivorship between high- and low-volume departments was only 3% at ten years.

We conclude that impaction bone grafting with the Exeter stem has an excellent long-term survivorship following revision arthroplasty. The technique of impaction grafting appears to be reliable, can be learned rapidly and produces a predictably low incidence of aseptic loosening.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 90-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1558 - 1561
1 Dec 2008
Ranstam J Wagner P Robertsson O Lidgren L

Public disclosure of outcome-orientated ranking of hospitals is becoming increasingly popular and is routinely used by Swedish health-care authorities. Whereas uncertainty about an outcome is usually presented with 95% confidence intervals, ranking’s based on the same outcome are typically presented without any concern for bias or statistical precision. In order to study the effect of incomplete registration of re-operation on hospital ranking we performed a simulation study using published data on the two-year risk of re-operation after total hip replacement.

This showed that whereas minor registration incompleteness has little effect on the observed risk of revision, it can lead to major errors in the ranking of hospitals. We doubt whether a level of data entry sufficient to generate a correct ranking can be achieved, and recommend that when ranking hospitals, the uncertainties about data quality and random events should be clearly described as an integral part of the results.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 599 - 603
1 May 2007
Robertsson O Stefánsdòttir A Lidgren L Ranstam J

Patients with osteoarthritis undergoing knee replacement have been reported to have an overall reduced mortality compared with that of the general population. This has been attributed to the selection of healthier patients for surgery. However, previous studies have had a maximum follow-up time of ten years. We have used information from the Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register to study the mortality of a large national series of patients with total knee replacement for up to 28 years after surgery and compared their mortality with that of the normal population. In addition, for a subgroup of patients operated on between 1980 and 2002 we analysed their registered causes of death to determine if they differed from those expected.

We found a reduced overall mortality during the first 12 post-operative years after which it increased and became significantly higher than that of the general population. Age-specific analysis indicated an inverse correlation between age and mortality, where the younger the patients were, the higher their mortality. The shift at 12 years was caused by a relative over-representation of younger patients with a longer follow-up. Analysis of specific causes of death showed a higher mortality for cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and urogenital diseases. The observation that early onset of osteoarthritis of the knee which has been treated by total knee replacement is linked to an increased mortality should be a reason for increased general awareness of health problems in these patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 5 | Pages 880 - 880
1 Sep 1997

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 2 | Pages 223 - 228
1 Mar 1986
Rydholm U Elborgh R Ranstam J Schroder A Svantesson H Lidgren L

We report 60 synovectomies of the knee in 51 children with juvenile chronic arthritis. Synovitis had been present for an average of 5 years and the average age at operation was 13 years. Results were evaluated in terms of pain, knee movement, relapse of synovitis and radiological change during a follow-up averaging 7.5 years. The relief of pain was rewarding and there was a slight postoperative gain in range of knee movement in most cases. The older the patient at onset of disease, the greater the risk of pain during follow-up. Progressive joint destruction was more common in younger patients, those with systemic or polyarticular disease, and those with highly active disease at the time of operation. Recurrence of synovitis was more frequent in patients who had their operation in a phase of high disease activity; this occurred most often in patients with polyarticular disease.