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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 2 | Pages 299 - 301
1 Mar 1991
Walker J Rang M

Fractures of the proximal forearm in young children may be unstable with the elbow flexed but stable with it in extension. Fifteen such fractures were managed by immobilisation in long-arm casts with the elbow extended. Only one patient had more than 15 degrees angulation at the time of bony union. All obtained normal elbow movement at two weeks and full forearm rotation at follow-up. No casts fell off. The extended elbow cast is awkward but it provides an alternative to internal fixation for some unstable fractures.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 1 | Pages 177 - 177
1 Jan 1991
Rang M

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 3 | Pages 432 - 437
1 May 1985
Silver R de la Garza J Rang M

The lower limbs of five cadavers were dissected and the lengths of the muscle fibres and the weights of all the muscles below the knee were measured. From this information the relative strength and excursion of each muscle was determined. We found that the plantarflexors of the ankle were six times as strong as the dorsiflexors. We have therefore discarded the concept of "muscle balance" in tendon transfer surgery and propose that task appropriateness should be the guide. The constant relationship between muscle fibre length and muscle excursion means that contractures are accompanied by decreased excursion. Tendon lengthening improves deformity but does not improve the decreased active range of movement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 3 | Pages 276 - 278
1 May 1983
Ziv I Rang M

The outcome of various types of treatment for femoral fracture in children with head injury was studied retrospectively in 51 patients with 56 fractures. Of these, 36 patients (71 per cent) were in deep coma and scored 5 to 7 on the Glasgow scale. Forty-three children (84 per cent) were eventually able to walk freely. Open reduction and internal fixation proved an attractive solution for femoral fractures in children with head injury who could tolerate general anaesthesia: intramedullary nailing was safe and gave satisfactory results in 16 fractures but infection complicated three of the five fractures which were plated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 184 - 185
1 Mar 1983
Ziv I Rang M Hoffman H

Paraplegia occurred in an adolescent girl with osteogenesis imperfecta after chiropractic manipulation. The child had been able to walk freely out of doors. Complete motor paralysis with sensory sparing resulted due to anterior compression of the cord by spondyloptotic cervical vertebrae. Reconstructed computerised tomography was very helpful in demonstrating the abnormality. Anterior and then posterior decompression relieved the tethered spinal cord and were supplemented with bone grafting. Early diagnosis and surgical treatment will prevent similar neurological accidents.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 64-B, Issue 3 | Pages 289 - 294
1 Jun 1982
Bennet G Rang M Roye D Aprin H

Almost one child in twenty with trisomy 21 will develop spontaneous dislocation of the hip between learning to walk and the age of 10 years. After the age of two years spontaneous habitual dislocation may occur. If left untreated, acute dislocation, subluxation and fixed dislocation follow in sequence. The natural history of the condition is described and the clinical and radiological features of 45 dislocations in 28 patients are presented. Nineteen had received no treatment. The most effective treatment was found to be pelvic or femoral osteotomy, combined with capsular plication, carried out in the phase of habitual dislocation. Once subluxation or fixed dislocation was present, the results of operation were poor and it is not recommended. All patients, even if left untreated, remain mobile. Pain is not a prominent feature.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 57-B, Issue 4 | Pages 430 - 436
1 Nov 1975
Jakob R Fowles JV Rang M Kassab MT

From an anatomical study and clinical review of fractures of the lateral humeral condyle in children, the following conclusions are drawn. The mechanism of injury is a violent varus force with the elbow in extension, the condyle being avulsed. by the lateral ligament and the extensor muscles. If the fracture is incomplete, with an intact hinge of pre-osseous cartilage medially, the fragment will not be displaced. If the fracture is complete the fragment may be displaced, and open reduction with internal fixation is mandatory.

The results of open reduction more than three weeks after the fracture are no better than those of no treatment at all, and may kill the lateral condylar fragment by damaging its blood supply. The major problem of a neglected fracture is tardy ulnar nerve palsy; to avoid this, immediate anterior transposition of the nerve is recommended, operation for the fracture itself being of no benefit.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 48-B, Issue 4 | Pages 765 - 769
1 Nov 1966
Kessel L Rang M

Symptoms due to a supracondylar spur of the humerus, although rare, are common enough to make it the subject of routine examination of a patient with pain and disturbance of sensibility of the hand. It can mimic the carpal tunnel syndrome; it may produce ulnar nerve symptoms. Irritation or compression of either the brachial artery or, if there is a high division of it, the ulnar artery, may cause episodes of ischaemic pain in the forearm. The clinical features of a supracondylar spur causing symptoms are: symptoms of median nerve compression; forearm claudication; a palpable spur about two inches above the medial epicondyle; and disappearance of the radial or ulnar pulse on full extension and supination of the forearm.