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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1462 - 1463
1 Sep 2021
Barker TP Steele N Swamy G Cook A Rai A Crawford R Lutchman L

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1464 - 1471
1 Sep 2021
Barker TP Steele N Swamy G Cook A Rai A Crawford R Lutchman L


Cauda equina syndrome (CES) can be associated with chronic severe lower back pain and long-term autonomic dysfunction. This study assesses the recently defined core outcome set for CES in a cohort of patients using validated questionnaires.


Between January 2005 and December 2019, 82 patients underwent surgical decompression for acute CES secondary to massive lumbar disc prolapse at our hospital. After review of their records, patients were included if they presented with the clinical and radiological features of CES, then classified as CES incomplete (CESI) or with painless urinary retention (CESR) in accordance with guidelines published by the British Association of Spinal Surgeons. Patients provided written consent and completed a series of questionnaires.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1427 - 1430
1 Nov 2016
Powell JM Rai A Foy M Casey A Dabke H Gibson A Hutton M

Many hospitals do not have a structured process of consent, the attainment of which can often be rather ‘last-minute’ and somewhat chaotic. This is a surprising state of affairs as spinal surgery is a high-risk surgical specialty with potential for expensive litigation claims. More recently, the Montgomery ruling by the United Kingdom Supreme Court has placed the subject of informed consent into the spotlight.

There is a paucity of practical guidance on how a consent process can be achieved in a busy clinical setting. The British Association of Spinal Surgeons (BASS) has convened a working party to address this need. To our knowledge this is the first example of a national professional body, representing a single surgical specialty, taking such a fundamental initiative.

In a hard-pressed clinical environment, the ability to achieve admission reliably on the day of surgery, in patients at ease with their situation and with little likelihood of late cancellation, will be of great benefit. It will reduce litigation and improve the patient experience.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1427–30.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 2 | Pages 324 - 325
1 Mar 1994
Rai A Vincenti A Samuel A