header advert
Results 1 - 10 of 10
Results per page:
Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 5, Issue 1 | Pages 3 - 8
2 Jan 2024
Husum H Hellfritzsch MB Maimburg RD Møller-Madsen B Henriksen M Lapitskaya N Kold S Rahbek O


The present study seeks to investigate the correlation of pubofemoral distances (PFD) to α angles, and hip displaceability status, defined as femoral head coverage (FHC) or FHC during manual provocation of the newborn hip < 50%.


We retrospectively included all newborns referred for ultrasound screening at our institution based on primary risk factor, clinical, and PFD screening. α angles, PFD, FHC, and FHC at follow-up ultrasound for referred newborns were measured and compared using scatter plots, linear regression, paired t-test, and box-plots.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 6 | Pages 448 - 454
6 Jun 2022
Korup LR Larsen P Nanthan KR Arildsen M Warming N Sørensen S Rahbek O Elsoe R


The aim of this study was to report a complete overview of both incidence, fracture distribution, mode of injury, and patient baseline demographics of paediatric distal forearm fractures to identify age of risk and types of activities leading to injury.


Population-based cohort study with manual review of radiographs and charts. The primary outcome measure was incidence of paediatric distal forearm fractures. The study was based on an average at-risk population of 116,950. A total number of 4,316 patients sustained a distal forearm fracture in the study period. Females accounted for 1,910 of the fractures (44%) and males accounted for 2,406 (56%).

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 103-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1731 - 1735
1 Nov 2021
Iobst CA Frost MW Rölfing JD Rahbek O Bafor A Duncan M Kold S


Limb-lengthening nails have largely replaced external fixation in limb-lengthening and reconstructive surgery. However, the adverse events and high prevalence of radiological changes recently noted with the STRYDE lengthening nail have raised concerns about the use of internal lengthening nails. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of radiological bone abnormalities between STRYDE, PRECICE, and FITBONE nails prior to nail removal.


This was a retrospective case series from three centres. Patients were included if they had either of the three limb-lengthening nails (STYDE, PRECICE, or FITBONE) removed. Standard orthogonal radiographs immediately prior to nail removal were examined for bone abnormalities at the junction of the telescoping nail parts.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1554 - 1562
1 Nov 2016
Martinkevich P Rahbek O Stilling M Pedersen LK Gottliebsen M Søballe K Møller-Madsen B


To compare the structural durability of hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate (HATCP) to autologous iliac crest bone graft in calcaneal lengthening osteotomy (CLO) for pes planovalgus in childhood.

Patients and Methods

We present the interim results of ten patients (HATCP, n = 6 and autograft, n = 5) with a mean age of 11.5 years (8.2 to 14.2) from a randomised controlled non-inferiority trial with six months follow-up. The primary outcome was the stability of the osteotomy as measured by radiostereometric analysis. A non-inferiority margin of ≤ 2 mm osteotomy compression was set.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 4, Issue 5 | Pages 78 - 83
1 May 2015
Martinkevich P Rahbek O Møller-Madsen B Søballe K Stilling M


Lengthening osteotomies of the calcaneus in children are in general grafted with bone from the iliac crest. Artificial bone grafts have been introduced, however, their structural and clinical durability has not been documented. Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) is a very accurate and precise method for measurements of rigid body movements including the evaluation of joint implant and fracture stability, however, RSA has not previously been used in clinical studies of calcaneal osteotomies. We assessed the precision of RSA as a measurement tool in a lateral calcaneal lengthening osteotomy (LCLO).


LCLO was performed in six fixed adult cadaver feet. Tantalum markers were inserted on each side of the osteotomy and in the cuboideum. Lengthening was done with a plexiglas wedge. A total of 24 radiological double examinations were obtained. Two feet were excluded due to loose and poorly dispersed markers. Precision was assessed as systematic bias and 95% repeatability limits.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 3 | Pages 420 - 426
1 Mar 2015
Martinkevich P Møller-Madsen B Gottliebsen M Kjeldgaard Pedersen L Rahbek O

We present the validation of a translation into Danish of the Oxford ankle foot questionnaire (OxAFQ). We followed the Isis Pros guidelines for translation and pilot-tested the questionnaire on ten children and their parents. Following modifications we tested the validity of the final questionnaire on 82 children (36 boys and 45 girls) with a mean age of 11.7 years (5.5 to 16.0) and their parents. We tested the reliability (repeatability (test–retest), child–parent agreement, internal consistency), feasibility (response rate, time to completion, floor and ceiling effects) and construct validity. The generic child health questionnaire was used for comparison. We found good internal consistency for the physical and the school and play domains, but lower internal consistency for the emotional domain. Overall, good repeatability was found within children and parents as well as agreement between children and parents. The OxAFQ was fast and easy to complete, but we observed a tendency towards ceiling effects in the school and play and emotional domains. To our knowledge this is the first independent validation of the OxAFQ in any language. We found it valid and feasible for use in the clinic to assess the impact on children’s lives of foot and/or ankle disorders. It is a valuable research tool.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:420–6.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 6 | Pages 855 - 860
1 Jun 2013
Gottliebsen M Møller-Madsen B Stødkilde-Jørgensen H Rahbek O

Permanent growth arrest of the longer bone is an option in the treatment of minor leg-length discrepancies. The use of a tension band plating technique to produce a temporary epiphysiodesis is appealing as it avoids the need for accurate timing of the procedure in relation to remaining growth. We performed an animal study to establish if control of growth in a long bone is possible with tension band plating. Animals (pigs) were randomised to temporary epiphysiodesis on either the right or left tibia. Implants were removed after ten weeks. Both tibiae were examined using MRI at baseline, and after ten and 15 weeks. The median interphyseal distance was significantly shorter on the treated tibiae after both ten weeks (p = 0.04) and 15 weeks (p = 0.04). On T1-weighted images the metaphyseal water content was significantly reduced after ten weeks on the treated side (p = 0.04) but returned to values comparable with the untreated side at 15 weeks (p = 0.14). Return of growth was observed in all animals after removal of implants.

Temporary epiphysiodesis can be obtained using tension band plating. The technique is not yet in common clinical practice but might avoid the need for the accurate timing of epiphysiodesis.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:855–60.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 1, Issue 8 | Pages 180 - 191
1 Aug 2012
Stilling M Kold S de Raedt S Andersen NT Rahbek O Søballe K


The accuracy and precision of two new methods of model-based radiostereometric analysis (RSA) were hypothesised to be superior to a plain radiograph method in the assessment of polyethylene (PE) wear.


A phantom device was constructed to simulate three-dimensional (3D) PE wear. Images were obtained consecutively for each simulated wear position for each modality. Three commercially available packages were evaluated: model-based RSA using laser-scanned cup models (MB-RSA), model-based RSA using computer-generated elementary geometrical shape models (EGS-RSA), and PolyWare. Precision (95% repeatability limits) and accuracy (Root Mean Square Errors) for two-dimensional (2D) and 3D wear measurements were assessed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 1 | Pages 121 - 126
1 Jan 2007
Jensen TB Overgaard S Lind M Rahbek O Bünger C Søballe K

Impacted bone allograft is often used in revision joint replacement. Hydroxyapatite granules have been suggested as a substitute or to enhance morcellised bone allograft. We hypothesised that adding osteogenic protein-1 to a composite of bone allograft and non-resorbable hydroxyapatite granules (ProOsteon) would improve the incorporation of bone and implant fixation. We also compared the response to using ProOsteon alone against bone allograft used in isolation. We implanted two non-weight-bearing hydroxyapatite-coated implants into each proximal humerus of six dogs, with each implant surrounded by a concentric 3 mm gap. These gaps were randomly allocated to four different procedures in each dog: 1) bone allograft used on its own; 2) ProOsteon used on its own; 3) allograft and ProOsteon used together; or 4) allograft and ProOsteon with the addition of osteogenic protein-1.

After three weeks osteogenic protein-1 increased bone formation and the energy absorption of implants grafted with allograft and ProOsteon. A composite of allograft, ProOsteon and osteogenic protein-1 was comparable, but not superior to, allograft used on its own.

ProOsteon alone cannot be recommended as a substitute for allograft around non-cemented implants, but should be used to extend the volume of the graft, preferably with the addition of a growth factor.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 3 | Pages 441 - 447
1 Apr 2001
Rahbek O Overgaard S Lind M Bendix K Bünger C Søballe K

We have studied the beneficial effects of a hydroxyapatite (HA) coating on the prevention of the migration of wear debris along the implant-bone interface. We implanted a loaded HA-coated implant and a non-coated grit-blasted titanium alloy (Ti) implant in each distal femoral condyle of eight Labrador dogs. The test implant was surrounded by a gap communicating with the joint space and allowing access of joint fluid to the implant-bone interface. We injected polyethylene (PE) particles into the right knee three weeks after surgery and repeated this weekly for the following five weeks. The left knee received sham injections. The animals were killed eight weeks after surgery. Specimens from the implant-bone interface were examined under plain and polarised light.

Only a few particles were found around HA-coated implants, but around Ti implants there was a large amount of particles. HA-coated implants had approximately 35% bone ingrowth, whereas Ti implants had virtually no bone ingrowth and were surrounded by a fibrous membrane.

Our findings suggest that HA coating of implants is able to inhibit peri-implant migration of PE particles by creating a seal of tightly-bonded bone on the surface of the implant.