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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 3 | Pages 440 - 447
1 Apr 2003
Røkkum M Reigstad A Johansson CB Albrektsson T

Ten acetabular cups coated with hydroxyapatite (HA) had originally been inserted in five primary and five revision total hip replacements. The thickness of the HA was 155 ± 35 μm. The cups, which were well-fixed, were retrieved, with their adherent tissue, at reoperation after 0.3 to 5.8 years because of infection (five hips), wear of polyethylene (three hips), and instability (two hips).

Undecalcified sections showed a direct contact between bone and osteoid-like tissue which had formed directly onto the HA coating. The area within the threads and their mirror images, as well as the implant-tissue interfaces consisted of similar amounts of bone and soft tissue. Degradation of HA was seen in all hips. The mean thickness of the remaining HA coating was 97 μm (95% CI 94 to 101). The metal interface comprised 66% HA. The HA-tissue interface contained more bone than soft tissue (p = 0.001), whereas the metal-tissue interface included more soft tissue than bone (p = 0.019). Soft tissue at the implant interface and poor replacement of HA by bone may interfere with long-term fixation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 305 - 306
1 Mar 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 4 | Pages 582 - 589
1 Jul 1999
Røkkum M Brandt M Bye K Hetland KR Waage S Reigstad A

We have followed up for a period of seven to nine years 100 consecutive arthroplasties of the hip in which an entirely HA-coated implant had been used.

The clinical results were excellent and bony incorporation was extensive in all components. No stem became loose or subsided but five cups were revised because of loosening after 3.8 to 5.5 years, having functioned painlessly and shown radiological ingrowth.

Revision procedures because of excessive polyethylene wear have been performed on 18 hips and are planned for six more. Two eroded metal backings with worn-through polyethylene were exchanged; six hips showed metallosis without polyethylene wear-through. There were two cases of granulomatous cysts in the groin and 66 hips had osteolysis located periarticularly, in the greater trochanter or in the acetabulum.