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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 3, Issue 3 | Pages 48 - 50
1 Mar 2014
Lidgren L Gomez-Barrena E N. Duda G Puhl W Carr A

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1416 - 1419
1 Oct 2005
Stürmer T Dreinhöfer K Gröber-Grätz D Brenner H Dieppe P Puhl W Günther K

In order to assess current opinions on the long-term outcome after primary total hip replacement, we performed a multicentre, cross-sectional survey in 22 centres from 12 European countries. Different patient characteristics were categorised into ‘decreases chances’, ‘does not affect chances’, and ‘increases chances’ of a favourable long-term outcome, by 304 orthopaedic surgeons and 314 referring practitioners. The latter were less likely to associate age older than 80 years and obesity with a favourable outcome than orthopaedic surgeons (p < 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively) and more likely to associate age younger than 50 years with a favourable outcome (p = 0.006). Comorbidity, rheumatoid arthritis, and poor bone quality were thought to be associated with a decreased chance of a favourable outcome. We found important differences in the opinions regarding long-term outcome after total hip replacement within and between referring practitioners and orthopaedic surgeons. These are likely to affect access to and the provision of total hip replacement.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 144 - 147
1 Jan 2001
Mayr-Wohlfart U Kessler S Puhl W Günther KP Knöchel W

Since bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are highly homologous, we investigated the hypothesis that recombinant BMP-4 of the genome of Xenopus laevis (rxBMP-4) may influence the proliferation or differentiation of human primary osteoblast-like cells (HPOC), as occurs with recombinant human BMP (rhBMP-2).

HPOC were incubated in the presence of either rxBMP-4, rhBMP-2 or basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF). The last two were used as positive controls and are known to induce differentiation or proliferation of HPOC, respectively.

rxBMP-4 (50 ng/ml and 100 ng/ml) induced a differentiation of HPOC to almost the same extent as rhBMP-2, whereas the addition of rh-bFGF, applied in the same concentration, failed to have any influence on cell differentiation. rh-bFGF however, provoked an increase in cell proliferation of up to 150% when compared with non-stimulated HPOC, while rhBMP-2 and rxBMP-4 had no such effect.

Our results indicate an equipotent effect of rhBMP-2 and rxBMP-4 obtained from Xenopus laevis on the differentiation and proliferation of human primary osteoblast-like cells.