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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 8, Issue 2 | Pages 49 - 54
1 Feb 2019
Stravinskas M Nilsson M Vitkauskiene A Tarasevicius S Lidgren L


The aim of this study was to analyze drain fluid, blood, and urine simultaneously to follow the long-term release of vancomycin from a biphasic ceramic carrier in major hip surgery. Our hypothesis was that there would be high local vancomycin concentrations during the first week with safe low systemic trough levels and a complete antibiotic release during the first month.


Nine patients (six female, three male; mean age 75.3 years (sd 12.3; 44 to 84)) with trochanteric hip fractures had internal fixations. An injectable ceramic bone substitute, with hydroxyapatite in a calcium sulphate matrix, containing 66 mg of vancomycin per millilitre, was inserted to augment the fixation. The vancomycin elution was followed by simultaneously collecting drain fluid, blood, and urine.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 5, Issue 9 | Pages 427 - 435
1 Sep 2016
Stravinskas M Horstmann P Ferguson J Hettwer W Nilsson M Tarasevicius S Petersen MM McNally MA Lidgren L


Deep bone and joint infections (DBJI) are directly intertwined with health, demographic change towards an elderly population, and wellbeing.

The elderly human population is more prone to acquire infections, and the consequences such as pain, reduced quality of life, morbidity, absence from work and premature retirement due to disability place significant burdens on already strained healthcare systems and societal budgets.

DBJIs are less responsive to systemic antibiotics because of poor vascular perfusion in necrotic bone, large bone defects and persistent biofilm-based infection. Emerging bacterial resistance poses a major threat and new innovative treatment modalities are urgently needed to curb its current trajectory.

Materials and Methods

We present a new biphasic ceramic bone substitute consisting of hydroxyapatite and calcium sulphate for local antibiotic delivery in combination with bone regeneration. Gentamicin release was measured in four setups: 1) in vitro elution in Ringer’s solution; 2) local elution in patients treated for trochanteric hip fractures or uncemented hip revisions; 3) local elution in patients treated with a bone tumour resection; and 4) local elution in patients treated surgically for chronic corticomedullary osteomyelitis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 1 | Pages 120 - 125
1 Jan 2004
Nilsson M Wang J Wielanek L Tanner KE Lidgren L

An injectable material consisting of calcium sulphate mixed with hydroxyapatite was investigated as a possible alternative to autograft in the restoration of bone defects. The material was studied both in vitro in simulated body fluid (SBF) and in vivo when implanted in rat muscles and into the proximal tibiae of rabbits. Variation in the strength and weight of the material during ageing in SBF was measured. Tissue response, material resorption and bone ingrowth were studied in the animal models.

A good tissue response was observed in both the rat muscles and rabbit tibiae without inflammatory reactions or the presence of fibrous tissue. Ageing in SBF showed that during the first week carbonated hydroxyapatite precipitated on the surfaces of the material and this may enhance bone ingrowth.