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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 6 | Pages 899 - 902
1 Nov 1996
Weale AE Newman P Ferguson IT Bannister GC

Nerve injury is a rare complication of total hip replacement which may be related to the exposure used for the operation. The posterior approach is traditionally associated with injury to the sciatic nerve. We have compared the incidence of nerve injury after primary total hip replacement (THR) using either a posterior or a direct lateral approach.

We studied 42 consecutive patients undergoing primary total hip replacement. The surgeons used a posterior (22 patients) or direct lateral (20 patients) approach in accordance with their normal practice. The obturator, femoral, posterior tibial and common peroneal nerves were assessed clinically and electrophysiologically by electromyography (EMG) and measurement of the velocity of nerve conduction before operation and at four weeks after.

All patients were free from symptoms of nerve injury after operation but five lesions were identified in four patients by the electrophysiological studies; the obturator nerve was involved in two, the femoral in one, the common peroneal in one and the posterior tibial in one. All these injuries occurred using the lateral approach.

Clinical assessment alone underestimates the incidence of nerve injury complicating THR. Our study does not confirm the association of nerve injury with the posterior approach which had been described previously.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 60-B, Issue 3 | Pages 390 - 393
1 Aug 1978
Ireland J Newman P

Intertrochanteric osteotomy gives compensatory correction for the severely slipped upper femoral epiphysis without endangering its blood supply. The results of thirty-five such osteotomies carried out over an eighteen-year period are reviewed. The indication for operation was a chronic slip of a third or more of the growth plate in the lateral radiograph. The mean age at operation was fourteen years and the mean follow-up period seven and a half years. The results showed that even a moderate correction of deformity as shown by the radiograph could produce a hip with a functionally satisfactory range of movement. Chondrolysis was the most serious complication and occurred in four hips. The radiological results are discussed in relation to details of operative technique and also to long-term prognosis.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 58-B, Issue 3 | Pages 361 - 364
1 Aug 1976
Newman P

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 58-B, Issue 2 | Pages 184 - 192
1 May 1976
Fitzgerald J Newman P

A clinical study has been made of forty-three patients with symptoms arising from degenerative spondylolisthesis of the lumbar spine. Attention is drawn to the lower average level of the iliac crests in these patients, and to the high incidence of osteoarthritis of the hips. Many patients in this series had been referred specifically for operation and fourteen were so treated. The techniques of decompression and of spinal fusion are discussed. It is concluded that patients with back pain predominant are well treated by corsetry, only a minority needing fusion, and that patients with nerve root involvement or with symptoms of spinal stenosis need decompression. The place of spinal fusion is the main problem, but it seems reasonable, firstly, in younger patients with clear evidence of instability and degenerative change at a single level, and secondly, when radical decompression is judged to increase the risk of instability.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 51-B, Issue 3 | Pages 423 - 431
1 Aug 1969
Newman P Sweetnam R

1. A relatively simple method of occipito-cervical fusion using autogenous bone chips without internal fixation is described.

2. In patients with atlanto-axial subluxation posterior fusion from the occiput to the axis rather than from the atlas to the axis is more reliable and is preferred. Inclusion of the occiput adds no more than a few degrees to the restriction of movement that follows C. 1-2 fusion.

3. The indications for occipito-cervical fusion are discussed, particularly in relation to C. 1-2 instability in rheumatoid arthritis.