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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 3 | Pages 350 - 350
1 May 1997
Nade S

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 2 | Pages 268 - 274
1 Mar 1986
Alderson M Speers D Emslie K Nade S

The acute childhood diseases haematogenous staphylococcal osteomyelitis and septic arthritis were studied concurrently using avian models which closely resemble the human diseases. Ultrastructural studies during the initial stages of bone and joint infection showed that adherence of bacteria to cartilage, bacterial proliferation, cartilage destruction and subsequent bacterial spread along the vascular channels within cartilage were common to both disease processes. Histological studies revealed that transphyseal blood vessels were present in the growing chickens and were a likely explanation for the frequency of the concurrence of acute osteomyelitis and adjacent joint infection following intravenous injection of bacteria. Transphyseal vessels provide a direct connection between the growth plate (physis) and epiphyseal cartilage supplying a route for bacteria to spread from an osteomyelitic focus in the metaphysis to the epiphysis and subsequently to the joint lumen.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 5 | Pages 741 - 746
1 Nov 1985
Hardcastle P Nade S

Trendelenburg's test of function of the hip joint was first reported before radiology was available. At least four methods of performing it have since been described in the literature. We examined 50 normal subjects and 103 people with disorders affecting either the spine or the hip, in order to determine the different responses that occurred when they were asked to stand on one leg. This has enabled us to define a standard method of performing the Trendelenburg test, and to interpret the test as a method of assessing hip abductor function. The major pitfalls that result in misinterpretation, or false-positive responses, are pain, lack of cooperation from the patient, and impingement between the rib cage and the iliac crest. False-negative responses result from the patient using muscles above and below the pelvis, and from leaning beyond the hip on the standing side.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 2 | Pages 269 - 275
1 Mar 1984
Uchida A Nade S McCartney E Ching W

Ceramics have many properties which might make them suitable alternatives to bone grafts. This present study was done to find a suitable biodegradable porous ceramic for human bone replacement. Three different porous ceramics (calcium aluminate, calcium hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate), with interlinked pores of two size ranges (150 to 210 micron), were implanted into the skulls of rats and rabbits for up to six months; the interaction with surrounding bone, which is virtually devoid of bone marrow, was then assessed. The ceramics caused no adverse biological response. Tissue ingrowth into pores throughout the implant was seen in all three types and in both pore sizes of ceramic, but the density of the penetrating tissue was far less for calcium aluminate than for calcium hydroxyapatite or tricalcium phosphate. For each type of ceramic, the soft-tissue ingrowth was more dense with the larger pore size, and with a longer period of implantation. Bone ingrowth was not usually seen within the pores of any ceramic. There were no differences in the histological findings between the rats and the rabbits. The results demonstrate that it is possible to produce ceramic materials with a porous structure which allows ingrowth of tissue and biological fluids.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 3 | Pages 234 - 241
1 May 1983
Nade S

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 109 - 119
1 Mar 1983
Nade S

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 59-B, Issue 2 | Pages 189 - 196
1 May 1977
Nade S Burwell R

This paper examines the fate of decalcified allografts (homografts) of iliac cancellous bone impregnated with autologous red marrow and implanted intermuscularly into the anterior abdominal wall of rabbits. In contrast to the findings of Urist and other workers that cortical bone decalcified with hydrochloric acid (HCl) and then freeze-dried is inductive to new bone formation in various heterotopic sites, evidence is presented that iliac bone decalcified by HCl and grafted alone to a muscular site is itself very weakly inductive to bone formation. However, when combined with autologous bone marrow the HCl-decalcified bone provides a better substrate for bone formation by marrow cells than does either undecalcified iliac bone, or iliac bone decalcified with ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid. The freezing or freeze-drying of decalcified bone does not affect new bone formation when implanted alone or with autologous marrow. The differences between the cortical and cancellous bone as inductive substrates for osteogenesis are discussed and the interrelationship of bone and marrow in combined bone grafts are re-evaluated.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 58-B, Issue 3 | Pages 328 - 331
1 Aug 1976
Taylor T Nade S Bannister J

Three unusual injuries of the cervical spine in wearers of safety belts are reported. In each case, the presence of diagonal bruising and abrasions in the line of the sash strap indicated its involvement in the mechanism of the injury.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 51-B, Issue 2 | Pages 356 - 358
1 May 1969
Goodfellow JW Nade S