header advert
Results 1 - 9 of 9
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 49 - 58
1 Jun 2020
Mullaji A


The aims of this study were to determine the effect of osteophyte excision on deformity correction and soft tissue gap balance in varus knees undergoing computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA).


A total of 492 consecutive, cemented, cruciate-substituting TKAs performed for varus osteoarthritis were studied. After exposure and excision of both cruciates and menisci, it was noted from operative records the corrective interventions performed in each case. Knees in which no releases after the initial exposure, those which had only osteophyte excision, and those in which further interventions were performed were identified. From recorded navigation data, coronal and sagittal limb alignment, knee flexion range, and medial and lateral gap distances in maximum knee extension and 90° knee flexion with maximal varus and valgus stresses, were established, initially after exposure and excision of both cruciate ligaments, and then also at trialling. Knees were defined as ‘aligned’ if the hip-knee-ankle axis was between 177° and 180°, (0° to 3° varus) and ‘balanced’ if medial and lateral gaps in extension and at 90° flexion were within 2 mm of each other.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 11_Supple_A | Pages 115 - 117
1 Nov 2014
Mullaji A Shetty GM

Stems may improve fixation and stability of components during revision total knee replacement. However, the choice between cemented and cementless stems is not a clear one. Cemented stems offer several advantages in terms of versatility, mechanical stability, surgical technique and clinical outcome over their cementless counterpart.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B(11 Suppl A):115–7.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 5 | Pages 642 - 647
1 May 2012
Mullaji A Lingaraju AP Shetty GM

We retrospectively reviewed the records of 1150 computer-assisted total knee replacements and analysed the clinical and radiological outcomes of 45 knees that had arthritis with a pre-operative recurvatum deformity. The mean pre-operative hyperextension deformity of 11° (6° to 15°), as measured by navigation at the start of the operation, improved to a mean flexion deformity of 3.1° (0° to 7°) post-operatively. A total of 41 knees (91%) were managed using inserts ≤ 12.5 mm thick, and none had mediolateral laxity > 2 mm from a mechanical axis of 0° at the end of the surgery. At a mean follow-up of 26.4 months (13 to 48) there was significant improvement in the mean Knee Society, Oxford knee and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores compared with the pre-operative values. The mean knee flexion improved from 105° (80° to 125°) pre-operatively to 131° (120° to 145°), and none of the limbs had recurrent recurvatum.

These early results show that total knee replacement using computer navigation and an algorithmic approach for arthritic knees with a recurvatum deformity can give excellent radiological and functional outcomes without recurrent deformity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 6 | Pages 870 - 876
1 Nov 1994
Mullaji A Upadhyay S Luk K Leong J

We studied 29 girls and one boy with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who were at Risser grade 0 at the time of posterior spinal fusion and were followed until maturity (mean 7.8 years). We used serial radiographs to measure the ratio of disc to vertebral height in the fused segments and to detect differential anterior spinal growth and assess its effect on scoliosis, vertebral rotation, kyphosis, and rib-vertebral-angle difference (RVAD). From one year after surgery to the latest review, the percentage anterior disc height decreased by nearly one-half and the percentage posterior disc height by nearly one-third in the fused segments (p < 0.001). There was a 4 degree increase in mean Cobb angle (p < 0.001), 11 patients (37%) having an increase of between 6 degrees and 10 degrees. There was a significant increase in mean apical rotation by 2 degrees (p = 0.003), and four patients (13%) had an increase of between 6 degrees and 16 degrees. There was little change in kyphosis. There was an increase in mean RVAD by 4 degrees (p = 0.003), seven patients (23%) showing a reduction by 1 degree to 7 degrees, and 11 (37%) increases of between 6 degrees and 16 degrees. Spinal growth occurs after posterior fusion in adolescents who are skeletally immature, as a result of continued anterior vertebral growth. There is some progression of scoliosis, vertebral rotation, and RVAD, but little change in kyphosis. The increase in deformity is not enough to warrant the use of combined anterior and posterior fusion. The findings are relevant to the management of progressive curves, the timing and extent of surgery, and the prognosis for progression of deformity in this group of patients.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 4 | Pages 660 - 665
1 Jul 1994
Mullaji A Upadhyay S Ho E

We have used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis comparing 41 healthy control subjects and 33 patients with either mild or advanced ankylosing spondylitis. A Norland XR-28 bone densitometer was used to measure the BMD of the lumbar spine and that of the head, trunk, arms, femoral neck, Ward's triangle, legs, pelvis, and total body. Mild ankylosing spondylitis was defined as that showing no or incipient syndesmophytes between L1 and L5 vertebrae: we studied 16 men of mean age 37 years and six women of mean age 37 years. Advanced ankylosing spondylitis, in 11 men of mean age 42 years, showed a bamboo spine with bridging syndesmophytes across all disc spaces between L1 and L5. The mean BMD of the lumbar spine was significantly different in the patients and control subjects of the same sex (0.01 < p < 0.05, analysis of variance), being significantly reduced compared with control subjects in mild disease (0.001 < p < 0.01, t-test) and significantly increased in advanced disease over control subjects (0.01 < p < 0.05; t-test) and over patients with mild disease (0.001 < p < 0.01; t-test). The relevance of these findings to the aetiology and pathogenesis of spinal deformities and other complications in ankylosing spondylitis is discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 3 | Pages 384 - 388
1 May 1994
Mullaji A Beddow F Lamb G

We studied serial CT scans of 45 arthritic shoulders (34 rheumatoid, 11 osteoarthritic) and 19 normal shoulders, making measurements at three levels on axial images. The maximum anteroposterior diameter of the glenoid was increased in rheumatoid glenoids at the upper and middle levels by 6 mm and in osteoarthritic glenoids at all levels by 5 to 8 mm as compared with normal. In rheumatoid cases, nearly half the available surface of the glenoid was of unsupported bone, mainly posteriorly at the upper and middle levels. In osteoarthritic glenoids, the best supported bone was anterior at the upper level and central at the middle and lower levels. The depth of the rheumatoid glenoid was reduced by a mean of 6 mm at the upper and middle levels and by 3 mm at the lower level. This inclined the surface of the glenoid superiorly. The depth at the middle level in osteoarthritis was reduced by a mean of 5 mm, suggesting central protrusion. Osteoarthritic glenoids were retroverted by a mean of 12.5 degrees, but of rheumatoid glenoids two-thirds were retroverted (mean 15.1 degrees) and one-third anteverted (mean 8.2 degrees). Our findings have important implications for the planning and placement of the glenoid component of total shoulder replacements; CT can provide useful information.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 107 - 112
1 Jan 1994
Kuner E Kuner A Schlickewei W Mullaji A

We assessed narrowing of the spinal canal in 39 burst fractures and fracture-dislocations of thoracolumbar vertebrae treated by the AO Internal Spinal Fixator, using CT preoperatively and at various stages postoperatively. Computer-aided planimetry was used to measure the narrowing, and its restoration shortly after instrumentation, or at 15 months. The mean initial reduction of canal area was to 63.7% +/- 18.8% of normal; this was restored to a mean of 95.4% +/- 21.2% of normal when measured either soon after surgery or at 15 months (p < 0.001 for both groups). There was more improvement in cases assessed later. For fractures from D12 to L3, the mean canal area was restored to 99.4% of normal; but at L4 or L5 the mean restitution was to only 60.9% (p < 0.05). We found no correlation between preoperative loss of area and amount of restoration, or severity of neurological deficit. Nor was there any correlation between the delay before surgery and the improvement achieved. The mechanism of fracture reduction appears to be a combination of distraction ligamentotaxis and forced hyperextension.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 2 | Pages 181 - 188
1 Mar 1992
Schlickewei W Kuner E Mullaji A Gotze B

We describe a management strategy for upper- and lower-limb fractures with associated arterial injury and report the results in 113 cases treated over a period of 18 years. Primary amputation was performed in 23 patients and of those who underwent primary vascular repair, 27 needed secondary amputation, two-thirds of them within a week of the injury. Of those requiring secondary amputation, 51.8% had ischaemia exceeding six hours, 81.4% had severe soft-tissue injury and 85.2% had type III open fractures. The patients whose limbs had been salvaged were followed up for an average of 5.6 years. The eventual outcome depended on the severity of the fracture, the degree of soft-tissue damage, the length of the ischaemic period, the severity of neurological involvement, and the presence of associated major injuries. There was a 30% incidence of long-term disability in the salvaged limbs, largely due to poor recovery of neurological function. Prompt recognition of such combined injuries is vital and requires a high index of suspicion in patients with multiple injuries and with certain fracture patterns. We recommend a multidisciplinary approach, liberal use of pre-operative angiography in upper-limb injuries and selective use of intra-operative angiography in lower-limb injuries. Stable external or internal fixation of the fractures and re-establishment of limb perfusion are urgent surgical priorities to reduce the period of ischaemia which is critical for successful limb salvage.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 3 | Pages 406 - 408
1 May 1991
Emery R Mullaji A

One hundred and fifty asymptomatic shoulders in 75 schoolchildren were studied. The shoulders were tested for instability and a hyperextensometer was used to assess joint laxity. Signs of instability were found in 57% of the shoulders in boys and 48% in girls; the commonest sign was a positive posterior drawer test which was found in 63 shoulders. A positive sulcus sign was found in 17 shoulders and 17 subjects had signs of multidirectional instability. General joint laxity was not a feature of subjects whose shoulders had positive instability signs.