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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 50-B, Issue 3 | Pages 664 - 668
1 Aug 1968
Mulder JD Landsmeer JMF

1. The claw position of a finger with intrinsic paralysis is caused by the blocking effect of the transverse lamina on the long extensor. This starts as soon as the metacarpo-phalangeal joint is hyperextended, and increases with further hyperextension. Thus the long extensor loses its pull on the interphalangeal joints and allows them to flex. Therefore, in intrinsic paralysis the claw position can be prevented or cured by keeping the metacarpo-phalangeal joint in flexion, however slight, which can be done by splinting, by tenodesis or by capsulorrhaphy.

2. Replacement of the intrinsics by some active element, although it may improve the action of the fingers, is not necessary for the correction of claw finger. The function of the intrinsics in the prevention of claw finger is not to be found in their extending effect on the interphalangeal joints, but in the flexion effect on the metacarpo-phalangeal joint, or at least in preventing its hyperextension. This is in accordance with the fact that loss of intrinsic function is disastrous only in supple fingers, in which the metacarpo-phalangeal joints tend to assume extreme degrees of hyperextension (Riordan 1953, Brand 1958). In such fingers, the wide range of hyperextension available at the metacarpo-phalangeal joints is, of course, part of a generalised laxity of the soft parts of the fingers. These soft parts generally tend to counteract the tendency to clawing; the less their resistance, the more the human finger as a whole will tend to behave like a musculo-articular model, and such a model without intrinsics will always immediately assume the claw position.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 50-B, Issue 1 | Pages 110 - 115
1 Feb 1968
Mulder JD

1. Operative treatment of scaphoid pseudarthrosis by the Matti-Russe method is a reliable procedure which in our series has given ninety-seven cases of bony union in a total of 100 operations.

2. We do not hesitate to advise operation for this condition as soon as it is discovered, except in cases with severe secondary osteoarthritis. Equally good results have been reported by Murray (1946) from a series of 100 cases treated with cortical grafts from the tibia (blind method) and by Agner (1963) from a series of twenty-four patients treated by Bentzon's operation (interposition of a pedicled soft-tissue flap).

3. In our opinion, Russe's open operation has great technical advantages over Murray's blind method.

4. We have no experience of Bentzon's operation, which seems attractive on account of its technical simplicity and as not more than two weeks' immobilisation in plaster after operation are needed.

5. It would be interesting to see Agner's results confirmed from other sources. It is true that many scaphoid pseudarthroses remain symptomless for years, as London (1961) has pointed out, but many of them sooner or later cause pain, and we do not agree with London's opinion that a few weeks of immobilisation will usually make the wrist painless.

6. Although severe osteoarthritis is very slow to develop in wrists with pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid bone it cannot be denied that these wrists are constantly threatened with suddenly developing pain and by progressive deterioration of function.

7. Therefore, early repair of pseudarthrosis of the scaphoid bone is advisable; it can be expected to save many wrists from progressive loss of function and from final development of severe degenerative change.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 45-B, Issue 4 | Pages 750 - 754
1 Nov 1963
van Linge B Mulder JD

1. In ten healthy young men an experimental paralysis of the supraspinatus muscle was induced with the aid of Xylocaine injected in or near the suprascapular nerve.

2. The completeness of the paralysis was checked by electromyography.

3. With the supraspinatus muscle completely eliminated, all subjects could move the arm against gravity through its full range in the shoulder joint, though the force and the power of endurance during abduction were diminished.

4. It is concluded that the role of the supraspinatus muscle is of a quantitative nature only.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 33-B, Issue 1 | Pages 94 - 95
1 Feb 1951
Mulder JD

1. A clinical test of diagnostic significance in Morton's metatarsalgia is described.

2. Findings at operation in twelve cases are recorded.

3. The causation of the digital neuroma is discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 30-B, Issue 3 | Pages 446 - 448
1 Aug 1948
Mulder JD