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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 3 | Pages 317 - 324
1 Mar 2019
Moon J Kim Y Hwang K Yang J Ryu J Kim Y


The present study investigated the five-year interval changes in pseudotumours and measured serum metal ions at long-term follow-up of a previous report of 28 mm diameter metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Patients and Methods

A total of 72 patients (mean age 46.6 years (37 to 55); 43 men, 29 women; 91 hips) who underwent cementless primary MoM THA with a 28 mm modular head were included. The mean follow-up duration was 20.3 years (18 to 24). All patients had CT scans at a mean 15.1 years (13 to 19) after the index operation and subsequent follow-up at a mean of 20.2 years (18 to 24). Pseudotumour volume, type of mass, and new-onset pseudotumours were evaluated using CT scanning. Clinical outcomes were assessed by Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the presence of groin pain. Serum metal ion (cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr)) levels were measured at the latest follow-up.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 1 | Pages 102 - 108
1 Jan 2016
Kang C Kim C Moon J


The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of instrumented posterolateral fusion (PLF) performed in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).


A total of 40 patients with RA and 134 patients without RA underwent instrumented PLF for spinal stenosis between January 2003 and December 2011. The two groups were matched for age, gender, bone mineral density, the history of smoking and diabetes, and number of fusion segments.

The clinical outcomes measures included the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Korean Oswestry Disability Index (KODI), scored before surgery, one year and two years after surgery. Radiological outcomes were evaluated for problems of fixation, nonunion, and adjacent segment disease (ASD). The mean follow-up was 36.4 months in the RA group and 39.1 months in the non-RA group.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1472 - 1477
1 Nov 2009
Lee W Yoo JH Moon J

We carried out a retrospective study to assess the clinical results of lengthening the fourth metatarsal in brachymetatarsia in 153 feet of 106 patients (100 female, six males) using three different surgical techniques. In one group lengthening was performed by one-stage intercalary bone grafting secured by an intramedullary Kirschner-wire (45 feet, 35 patients). In the second group lengthening was obtained gradually using a mini-external fixator after performing an osteotomy with a saw (59 feet, 39 patients) and in the third group lengthening was achieved in a gradual manner using a mini-external fixator after undertaking an osteotomy using osteotome through pre-drilled holes (49 feet, 32 patients). The mean age of the patients was 26.3 years (13 to 48). Pre-operatively, the fourth ray of the bone-graft group was longer than that of other two groups (p < 0.000). The clinical outcome was compared in the three groups. The mean follow-up was 22 months (7 to 55).

At final follow-up, the mean lengthening in the bone-graft group was 13.9 mm (3.5 to 23.0, 27.1%) which was less than that obtained in the saw group with a mean of 17.8 mm (7.0 to 33.0, 29.9%) and in the pre-drilled osteotome group with a mean of 16.8 mm (6.5 to 28.0, 29.4%, p = 0.001). However, the mean time required for retention of the fixation in the bone-graft group was the shortest of the three groups. Patients were dissatisfied with the result for five feet (11.1%) in the bone-graft group, eight (13.6%) in the saw group and none in the pre-drilled osteotomy group (p < 0.000). The saw group included eight feet with failure of bone formation after surgery. Additional operations were performed in 20 feet because of stiffness (n = 7, all groups), failure of bone formation (n = 4, saw group), skin maceration (n = 4, bone-graft group), malunion (n = 4, bone-graft and saw groups) and breakage of the external fixator (n = 1, saw group).

We conclude that the gradual lengthening by distraction osteogenesis after osteotomy using an osteotome produces the most reliable results for the treatment of fourth brachymetatarsia.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 4 | Pages 527 - 531
1 Apr 2007
Yun Y Shin S Moon J

We reviewed 22 children with cubitus varus who had been treated by a reverse V osteotomy and fixation by cross-pinning and wiring. The mean pre-operative humeral-elbow-wrist angle was −16.9° (−25° to +9°) and at the latest follow-up it was +7.3° (−2° to +14°). No child had a lateral prominence greater than 5 mm after correction. An excellent result was achieved in 20 children and a good result in two. We believe that this osteotomy has the advantages of better inherent stability, the avoidance of a prominent lateral condyle after correction and firm fixation allowing early movement.