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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 105-B, Issue 1 | Pages 35 - 46
1 Jan 2023
Mills K Wymenga AB Bénard MR Kaptein BL Defoort KC van Hellemondt GG Heesterbeek PJC


The aim of this study was to compare a bicruciate-retaining (BCR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA design in terms of kinematics, measured using fluoroscopy and stability as micromotion using radiostereometric analysis (RSA).


A total of 40 patients with end-stage osteoarthritis were included in this randomized controlled trial. All patients performed a step-up and lunge task in front of a monoplane fluoroscope one year postoperatively. Femorotibial contact point (CP) locations were determined at every flexion angle and compared between the groups. RSA images were taken at baseline, six weeks, three, six, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Clinical and functional outcomes were compared postoperatively for two years.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 104-B, Issue 7 | Pages 875 - 883
1 Jul 2022
Mills K Wymenga AB van Hellemondt GG Heesterbeek PJC


Both the femoral and tibial component are usually cemented at revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA), while stems can be added with either cemented or press-fit (hybrid) fixation. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term stability of rTKA with cemented and press-fitted stems, using radiostereometric analysis (RSA).


This is a follow-up of a randomized controlled trial, initially involving 32 patients, of whom 19 (nine cemented, ten hybrid) were available for follow-up ten years postoperatively, when further RSA measurements were made. Micromotion of the femoral and tibial components was assessed using model-based RSA software (RSAcore). The clinical outcome was evaluated using the Knee Society Score (KSS), the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and visual analogue scale (pain and satisfaction).

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 7_Supple_C | Pages 17 - 21
1 Jul 2019
Schroer WC LeMarr AR Mills K Childress AL Morton DJ Reedy ME


To date, no study has demonstrated an improvement in postoperative outcomes following elective joint arthroplasty with a focus on nutritional intervention for patients with preoperative hypoalbuminaemia. In this prospective study, we evaluated differences in the hospital length of stay (LOS), rate of re-admission, and total patient charges for a malnourished patient study population who received a specific nutrition protocol before surgery.

Patients and Methods

An analytical report was extracted from the electronic medical record (EMR; Epic, Verona, Wisconsin) of a five-hospital network joint arthroplasty patient data set between 2014 and 2017. A total of 4733 patients underwent joint arthroplasty and had preoperative measurement of albumin levels: 2220 at four hospitals and 2513 at the study hospital. Albumin ≤ 3.4 g/l, designated as malnutrition, was found in 543 patients (11.5%). A nutritional intervention programme focusing on a high-protein, anti-inflammatory diet was initiated in January 2017 at one study hospital. Hospital LOS, re-admission rate, and 90-day charges were compared for differential change between patients in study and control hospitals for all elective hip and knee arthroplasty patients, and for malnourished patients over time as the nutrition intervention was implemented.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 52-B, Issue 4 | Pages 746 - 756
1 Nov 1970
Mills K

The morphological changes in bone and articular cartilage destruction have been described in sixteen consecutive cases of rheumatoid arthritis in which biopsy material was obtained during synovectomy of the knee. The following observations were made.

1. Bone and cartilage is replaced by fibrous granulation tissue which proliferates from periosteal and perichondrial fibroblasts.

2. These proliferative changes are distinct from the chronic synovitis of rheumatoid disease, but a chronic synovitis is necessary for them to appear.

3. Synovectomy does not remove the cells replacing bone and cartilage but its performance in some ways leads to their regression.