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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 3 | Pages 339 - 343
1 Mar 2012
Sewell MD Hanna SA Al-Khateeb H Miles J Pollock RC Carrington RWJ Skinner JA Cannon SR Briggs TWR

Patients with skeletal dysplasia are prone to developing advanced osteoarthritis of the knee requiring total knee replacement (TKR) at a younger age than the general population. TKR in this unique group of patients is a technically demanding procedure owing to the deformity, flexion contracture, generalised hypotonia and ligamentous laxity. We retrospectively reviewed the outcome of 11 TKRs performed in eight patients with skeletal dysplasia at our institution using the Stanmore Modular Individualised Lower Extremity System (SMILES) custom-made rotating-hinge TKR. There were three men and five women with mean age of 57 years (41 to 79). Patients were followed clinically and radiologically for a mean of seven years (3 to 11.5). The mean Knee Society clinical and function scores improved from 24 (14 to 36) and 20 (5 to 40) pre-operatively, respectively, to 68 (28 to 80) and 50 (22 to 74), respectively, at final follow-up. Four complications were recorded, including a patellar fracture following a fall, a tibial peri-prosthetic fracture, persistent anterior knee pain, and aseptic loosening of a femoral component requiring revision. Our results demonstrate that custom primary rotating-hinge TKR in patients with skeletal dysplasia is effective at relieving pain, with a satisfactory range of movement and improved function. It compensates for bony deformity and ligament deficiency and reduces the likelihood of corrective osteotomy. Patellofemoral joint complications are frequent and functional outcome is worse than with primary TKR in the general population.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1118 - 1121
1 Aug 2011
Berber O Dawson-Bowling S Jalgaonkar A Miles J Pollock RC Skinner JA Aston WJS Briggs TWR

We describe 22 cases of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation, or Nora’s lesion. These are surface-based osteocartilaginous lesions typically affecting the hands and feet. All patients were identified from the records of a regional bone tumour unit and were treated between 1985 and 2009. Nine lesions involved the metacarpals, seven the metatarsals, one originated from a sesamoid bone of the foot and five from long bones (radius, ulna, tibia, and femur in two). The mean age of the patients was 31.8 years (6 to 66), with 14 men and eight women. Diagnosis was based on the radiological and histological features. The initial surgical treatment was excision in 21 cases and amputation of a toe in one. The mean follow-up was for 32 months (12 to 162). Recurrence occurred in six patients (27.3%), with a mean time to recurrence of 49 months (10 to 120). Two of the eight patients with complete resection margins developed a recurrence (25.0%), compared with four of 14 with a marginal or incomplete resection (28.6%).

Given the potential surgical morbidity inherent in resection, our data suggest that there may be a role for a relatively tissue-conserving approach to the excision of these lesions.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1685 - 1689
1 Dec 2010
Gokaraju K Miles J Parratt MTR Blunn GW Pollock RC Skinner JA Cannon SR Briggs TWR

We have reviewed five adult patients treated with endoprosthetic reconstruction of the proximal radius following resection of non-traumatic lesions. The patients had a mean age of 33.4 years (20 to 60) at the time of surgery and the mean follow-up was 7.6 years (0.8 to 16).

Following surgery, all elbows were clinically stable and there was 100% survivorship of the prosthesis. Evaluation of function was assessed clinically and by the Mayo Elbow Performance Score, achieving a mean of 86% (70 to 100).

Results at medium-term follow-up are encouraging with regards to elbow stability, implant survivorship and functional outcome.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1134 - 1137
1 Aug 2010
Kalson NS Gikas PD Aston W Miles J Blunn G Pollock R Skinner J Briggs TWR Cannon SR

Disarticulation of the hip in patients with high-grade tumours in the upper thigh results in significant morbidity. In patients with no disease of the proximal soft tissue a femoral stump may be preserved, leaving a fulcrum for movement and weight-bearing. We reviewed nine patients in whom the oncological decision would normally be to disarticulate, but who were treated by implantation of an endoprosthesis in order to create a functioning femoral stump. The surgery was undertaken for chondrosarcoma in four patients, pleomorphic sarcoma in three, osteosarcoma in one and fibrous dysplasia in one. At follow-up at a mean of 80 months (34 to 132), seven patients were alive and free from disease, one had died from lung metastases and another from a myocardial infarction. The mean functional outcome assessment was 50 (musculoskeletal tumor society), 50 and 60 (physical and mental Short-form 36 scores).

Implantation of an endoprosthesis into the stump in carefully selected patients allows fitting of an above-knee prosthesis and improves wellbeing and the functional outcome.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 85-B, Issue 6 | Pages 852 - 855
1 Aug 2003
Melikyan EY Shahin E Miles J Bainbridge LC

The efficacy of extracorporeal shock-wave therapy for tennis elbow was investigated using a single fractionated dosage in a randomised, double-blind study. Outcomes were assessed using the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire, measurements of grip strength, levels of pain, analgesic usage and the rate of progression to surgery. Informed consent was obtained before patients were randomised to either the treatment or placebo group. In the final assessment, 74 patients (31 men and 43 women) with a mean age of 43.4 years (35 to 71), were included.

None of the outcome measures showed a statistically significant difference between the treatment and control groups (p > 0.05). All patients improved significantly over time, regardless of treatment. Our study showed no evidence that extracorporeal shock-wave therapy for tennis elbow is better than placebo.