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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 4 | Pages 494 - 502
1 Apr 2017
Simpson AHRW Keenan G Nayagam S Atkins RM Marsh D Clement ND


The aim of this double-blind prospective randomised controlled trial was to assess whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) accelerated or enhanced the rate of bone healing in adult patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis.

Patients and Methods

A total of 62 adult patients undergoing limb lengthening or bone transport by distraction osteogenesis were randomised to treatment with either an active (n = 32) or a placebo (n = 30) ultrasound device. A standardised corticotomy was performed in the proximal tibial metaphysis and a circular Ilizarov frame was used in all patients. The rate of distraction was also standardised. The primary outcome measure was the time to removal of the frame after adjusting for the length of distraction in days/cm for both the per protocol (PP) and the intention-to-treat (ITT) groups. The assessor was blinded to the form of treatment. A secondary outcome was to identify covariates affecting the time to removal of the frame.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 8 | Pages 985 - 986
1 Aug 2009
Willett K Marsh D Moran C Giannoudis P Bircher M

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 4 | Pages 625 - 630
1 Aug 1987
Marsh D Barton N

Twenty-four cases of complete division of median or ulnar nerves were assessed on two occasions after direct suture, with an interval of three years between assessments. Clinical, electrophysiological and timed functional tests were used. All the operations had been performed by one surgeon, using the operating microscope for approximately half the cases but not for the other half. The results were analysed, and the patient's age, any delay between injury and suture, and the duration of follow-up were all found to exert strong and consistent effects on the scores obtained. After controlling for these factors, there was no consistent difference between the results of the two surgical methods. It is concluded that, at least in the hands of one particular surgeon, the use of the operating microscope gives no better results than careful epineural suture performed without it.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 4 | Pages 635 - 638
1 Aug 1987
Villar R Marsh D Rushton N Greatorex R

A prospective study was made over a three-year period of 900 consecutive unilateral Colles' fractures. The radiographic features at the time of fracture, after reduction and one week later were measured and correlated with grip strength and range of movement at three years. The most significant radiographic feature to influence the outcome was the presence of shortening of the radius one week after reduction of the fracture. Persistent dorsal tilt, radiocarpal joint involvement and ulnar styloid fracture were each associated with reduced range of movement, but had no effect on grip strength. Extension of the fracture into the distal radio-ulnar joint was associated with reduced grip strength but had no effect on range of movement. Radial tilt of the radial fragment did not correlate with any aspect of the result after three years.