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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 66 - 72
1 Jun 2020
Knapp P Weishuhn L Pizzimenti N Markel DC


Postoperative range of movement (ROM) is an important measure of successful and satisfying total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Reduced postoperative ROM may be evident in up to 20% of all TKAs and negatively affects satisfaction. To improve ROM, manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) may be performed. Historically, a limited ROM preoperatively was used as the key harbinger of the postoperative ROM. However, comorbidities may also be useful in predicting postoperative stiffness. The goal was to assess preoperative comorbidities in patients undergoing TKA relative to incidence of postoperative MUA. The hope is to forecast those who may be at increased risk and determine if MUA is an effective form of treatment.


Prospectively collected data of TKAs performed at our institution’s two hospitals from August 2014 to August 2018 were evaluated for incidence of MUA. Comorbid conditions, risk factors, implant component design and fixation method (cemented vs cementless), and discharge disposition were analyzed. Overall, 3,556 TKAs met the inclusion criteria. Of those, 164 underwent MUA.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1035 - 1041
1 Sep 2019
Markel DC Bou-Akl T Rossi MD Pizzimenti N Wu B Ren W


The aim of this study was to evaluate blood metal ion levels, leucocyte profiles, and serum cytokines in patients with a total hip arthroplasty (THA) involving modular dual-mobility components.

Patients and Methods

A total of 39 patients were recruited, with clinical follow-up of up to two years. Outcome was assessed using the Harris Hip Score (HHS, the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and a visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain. Blood concentrations of cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and serum cytokines were measured. Subpopulations of leucocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry.