header advert
Results 1 - 9 of 9
Results per page:
Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 4 | Pages 291 - 301
4 Apr 2022
Holleyman RJ Lyman S Bankes MJK Board TN Conroy JL McBryde CW Andrade AJ Malviya A Khanduja V


This study uses prospective registry data to compare early patient outcomes following arthroscopic repair or debridement of the acetabular labrum.


Data on adult patients who underwent arthroscopic labral debridement or repair between 1 January 2012 and 31 July 2019 were extracted from the UK Non-Arthroplasty Hip Registry. Patients who underwent microfracture, osteophyte excision, or a concurrent extra-articular procedure were excluded. The EuroQol five-dimension (EQ-5D) and International Hip Outcome Tool 12 (iHOT-12) questionnaires were collected preoperatively and at six and 12 months post-operatively. Due to concerns over differential questionnaire non-response between the two groups, a combination of random sampling, propensity score matching, and pooled multivariable linear regression models were employed to compare iHOT-12 improvement.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 7, Issue 5 | Pages 336 - 342
1 May 2018
Hotham WE Malviya A

This systematic review examines the current literature regarding surgical techniques for restoring articular cartilage in the hip, from the older microfracture techniques involving perforation to the subchondral bone, to adaptations of this technique using nanofractures and scaffolds. This review discusses the autologous and allograft transfer systems and the autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) technique, as well as a summary of the previously discussed techniques, which could become common practice for restoring articular cartilage, thus reducing the need for total hip arthroplasty. Using the British Medical Journal Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (BMJ GRADE) system and Grade system. Comparison of the studies discussed shows that microfracture has the greatest quantity and quality of research, whereas the newer AMIC technique requires more research, but shows promise.

Cite this article: W. E. Hotham, A. Malviya. A systematic review of surgical methods to restore articular cartilage in the hip. Bone Joint Res 2018;7:336–342. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.75.BJR-2017-0331.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 1 | Pages 22 - 28
1 Jan 2017
Khan OH Malviya A Subramanian P Agolley D Witt JD


Periacetabular osteotomy is an effective way of treating symptomatic hip dysplasia. We describe a new minimally invasive technique using a modification of the Smith-Peterson approach.

We performed a prospective, longitudinal cohort study to assess for any compromise in acetabular correction when using this approach, and to see if the procedure would have a higher complication rate than that quoted in the literature for other approaches. We also assessed for any improvement in functional outcome.

Patients and Methods

From 168 consecutive patients (189 hips) who underwent acetabular correction between March 2010 and March 2013 we excluded those who had undergone previous pelvic surgery for DDH and those being treated for acetabular retroversion. The remaining 151 patients (15 men, 136 women) (166 hips) had a mean age of 32 years (15 to 56) and the mean duration of follow-up was 2.8 years (1.2 to 4.5). In all 90% of cases were Tönnis grade 0 or 1. Functional outcomes were assessed using the Non Arthritic Hip Score (NAHS), University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Tegner activity scores.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 97-B, Issue 1 | Pages 24 - 28
1 Jan 2015
Malviya A Dandachli W Beech Z Bankes MJ Witt JD

Stress fractures occurring in the pubis and ischium after peri-acetabular osteotomy (PAO) are not well recognised, with a reported incidence of 2% to 3%. The purpose of this study was to analyse the incidence of stress fracture after Bernese PAO under the care of two high-volume surgeons. The study included 359 patients (48 men, 311 women) operated on at a mean age of 31.1 years (15 to 56), with a mean follow-up of 26 months (6 to 64). Complete follow-up radiographs were available for 348 patients, 64 of whom (18.4%) developed a stress fracture of the inferior pubic ramus, which was noted at a mean of 9.1 weeks (5 to 55) after surgery. Most (58; 91%) healed. In 40 of the patients with a stress fracture (62.5%), pubic nonunion also occurred. Those with a stress fracture were significantly older (mean 33.9 years (16 to 50) vs 30.5 years (15 to 56), p = 0.002) and had significantly more mean pre-operative deformity: mean centre–edge angle (9.8° (-9.5 to 35) vs 12.4° (-33 to 28), p = 0.04) and mean Tönnis angle (22.8° (0 to 45) vs 18.7° (-2 to 38), p < 0.001). The pubic nonunion rate was significantly higher in those with a stress fracture (62.5% vs 7%, p < 0.001), with regression analysis revealing that these patients had 11.8 times higher risk than those without nonunion.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015; 97-B:24–8.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 4 | Pages 466 - 470
1 Apr 2012
Malviya A Stafford GH Villar RN

The benefit of arthroscopy of the hip in the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) in terms of quality of life (QoL) has not been reported. We prospectively collected data on 612 patients (257 women (42%) and 355 men (58%)) with a mean age at the time of surgery of 36.7 years (14 to 75) who underwent arthroscopy of the hip for FAI under the care of a single surgeon. The minimum follow-up was one year (mean 3.2 years (1 to 7)). The responses to the modified Harris hip score were translated using the Rosser Index Matrix in order to provide a QoL score. The mean QoL score increased from 0.946 (-1.486 to 0.995) to 0.974 (0.7 to 1) at one year after surgery (p < 0.001). The mean QoL score in men was significantly higher than in women, both before and one year after surgery (both p < 0.001). However, the mean change in the QoL score was not statistically different between men and women (0.02 (-0.21 to 0.27) and 0.04 (-0.16 to 0.87), respectively; p = 0.12). Linear regression analysis revealed that the significant predictors of a change in QoL score were pre-operative QoL score (p < 0.001) and gender (p = 0.04). The lower the pre-operative score, the higher the gain in QoL post-operatively (ρ = -0.66; p < 0.001). One year after surgery the QoL scores in the 612 patients had improved in 469 (76.6%), remained unchanged in 88 (14.4%) and had deteriorated in 55 (9.0%).

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 1, Issue 1 | Pages 29 - 29
1 Feb 2012
Malviya A

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1602 - 1609
1 Dec 2011
Malviya A Ramaskandhan JR Bowman R Hashmi M Holland JP Kometa S Lingard E

The aim of this study was to investigate the possible benefit of large-head metal-on-metal bearing on a stem for primary hip replacement compared with a 28 mm diameter conventional metal-on-polyethylene bearing in a prospective randomised controlled trial. We investigated cemented stem behaviour between these two different bearings using Einzel-Bild-Röntgen-Analyse, clinical and patient reported measures (Harris hip score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index, Short Form-36 and satisfaction) and whole blood metal ion levels at two years. A power study indicated that 50 hips were needed in each group to detect subsidence of > 5 mm at two years with a p-value of < 0.05.

Significant improvement (p < 0.001) was found in the mean clinical and patient reported outcomes at two years for both groups. Comparison of outcomes between the groups at two years showed no statistically significant difference for mean stem migration, clinical and patient reported outcomes; except overall patient satisfaction which was higher for metal-on-metal group (p = 0.05). Metal ion levels were raised above the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency advised safety level (7 µg per litre) in 20% of the metal-on-metal group and in one patient in metal-on-polyethylene group (who had a metal-on-metal implant on the contralateral side). Two patients in the metal-on-metal group were revised, one for pseudotumour and one for peri-prosthetic fracture.

Use of large modular heads is associated with a risk of raised whole blood metal ion levels despite using a proven bearing from resurfacing. The head-neck junction or excess stem micromotion are possibly the weak links warranting further research.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 4 | Pages 443 - 448
1 Apr 2011
Malviya A Walker LC Avery P Osborne S Weir DJ Foster HE Deehan DJ

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease of childhood; it causes joint damage which may require surgical intervention, often in the young adult. The aim of this study was to describe the long-term outcome and survival of hip replacement in a group of adult patients with JIA and to determine predictors of survival for the prosthesis. In this retrospective comparative study patients were identified from the database of a regional specialist adult JIA clinic. This documented a series of 47 hip replacements performed in 25 adult patients with JIA. Surgery was performed at a mean age of 27 years (11 to 47), with a mean follow-up of 19 years (2 to 36). The mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index questionnaire (WOMAC) score at the last follow-up was 53 (19 to 96) and the mean Health Assessment Questionnaire score was 2.25 (0 to 3). The mean pain component of the WOMAC score (60 (20 to 100)) was significantly higher than the mean functional component score (46 (0 to 97)) (p = 0.02). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a survival probability of 46.6% (95% confidence interval 37.5 to 55.7) at 19 years, with a trend towards enhanced survival with the use of a cemented acetabular component and a cementless femoral component. This was not, however, statistically significant (acetabular component, p = 0.76, femoral component, p = 0.45). Cox’s proportional hazards regression analysis showed an implant survival rate of 54.9% at 19 years at the mean of covariates.

Survival of the prosthesis was significantly poorer (p = 0.001) in patients who had been taking long-term corticosteroids and significantly better (p = 0.02) in patients on methotrexate.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 1 | Pages 123 - 129
1 Jan 2010
Jameson SS Bottle A Malviya A Muller SD Reed MR

The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) produces recommendations on appropriate treatment within the National Health Service (NHS) in England and Wales. The NICE guidelines on prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in orthopaedic surgery recommend that all patients be offered a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). The linked hospital episode statistics of 219 602 patients were examined to determine the rates of complications following lower limb arthroplasty for the 12-month periods prior to and following the publication of these guidelines. These were compared with data from the National Joint Registry (England and Wales) regarding the use of LMWH during the same periods. There was a significant increase in the reported use of LMWH (59.5% to 67.6%, p < 0.001) following the publication of the guidelines. However, the 90-day venous thromboembolism events actually increased slightly following total hip replacement (THR, 1.69% to 1.84%, p = 0.06) and remained unchanged following total knee replacement (TKR, 1.99% to 2.04%). Return to theatre in the first 30 days for infection did not show significant changes. There was an increase in the number of patients diagnosed with thrombocytopenia, which was significant following THR (0.11% to 0.16%, p = 0.04). The recommendations from NICE are based on predicted reductions in venous thromboembolism events, reducing morbidity, mortality and costs to the NHS.

The early results in orthopaedic patients do not support these predictions, but do show an increase in complications.