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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 6 | Pages 1076 - 1076
1 Nov 1990
Mackie I Pemberton D Maheson M

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 3 | Pages 509 - 513
1 May 1989
Mackie I Green M Clarke H Isaac D

Bone samples from the iliac crest of patients with no signs of bone disorder were treated with collagenase to remove the collagen component and so allow detailed observation of the mineral hydroxyapatite. Both polished and unpolished surfaces were studied in the scanning electron microscope and they showed that the mineral component of bone is composed of small rounded units about 10 nm across which are fused together to form larger spheroidal units roughly 100 nm in diameter. In the unpolished surfaces these 100 nm units are seen to aggregate to form columns approximately parallel to their neighbours and with numerous interconnections forming a continuous mineral phase. The polished sections also show the hydroxyapatite as a continuous phase of contiguous spheroids and the holes from which the collagen fibres were removed are clearly revealed. Lamellations in the surface are interpreted as resulting from adjacent layers of collagen fibres having orientations approximately perpendicular to each other.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 1 | Pages 111 - 117
1 Jan 1989
Mackie I Ralis Z Leyshon R Lane J Watkins G Berry P

Twenty-three of 46 patients, aged 56 to 95 years, with fracture of the femoral neck (FNF) completed the first trial of 10 months treatment with oral sodium fluoride 60 mg and calcium 1800 mg on alternate days and 1 micrograms of vitamin D1 daily. Pre-treatment and post-treatment biopsy specimens and microradiographs of the iliac crest and metacarpal and spinal radiographs were evaluated together with biopsy material from seven untreated age-matched controls with FNF. In 17 patients the treatment improved the amount and quality of trabecular bone. Cortical thickness increased in nine patients and there were no losses of amount or mineralisation. The treatment was well tolerated by most patients and there were no major side-effects or signs of bone demineralisation. The study also revealed an unexpected rapid post-fracture deterioration of bone tissue in untreated FNF patients; thus there is an increased risk of further fractures which calls for the use of an effective treatment to increase bone mass.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 2 | Pages 300 - 300
1 Mar 1987
Cross M Schmidt D Mackie I

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 4 | Pages 530 - 532
1 Aug 1985
Howard C McKibbin B Williams L Mackie I

We have studied the natural history of spontaneous dislocation of the hip in cerebral palsy, with particular reference to the pattern of neurological involvement. In patients with bilateral hemiplegia and severe involvement of the upper limbs the incidence of dislocation was very high (59%), while in those with diplegia and little involvement of the upper limbs, only 6.5% were affected. There was no evidence of dysplasia or instability of the hip in any of the patients with unilateral hemiplegia. A strong correlation was found between the stability of the hip and the patients' ability to walk. These findings have a bearing on clinical surveillance and also on the indications for prophylactic surgery.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 66-B, Issue 2 | Pages 206 - 208
1 Mar 1984
Howard C Winston I Bell W Mackie I Jenkins D

Ruptures of the calcaneal tendon which present late may be repaired using carbon fibre to induce a neotendon. The operative technique is described and the results of five cases reviewed. The average muscle power obtained was 88% of normal, and the thickness of the neotendon was 148% of that of the normal side. It would appear that this tendon formation in man is comparable to that previously described in sheep.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 210 - 210
1 Mar 1983
Fairclough J Mackie I Mintowt-Czyz W Phillips G

The scalpel blades used during 187 operations were cultured. At each procedure the knife used to incise the skin was discarded immediately and a fresh knife was used to complete the operation. The results showed that there was no difference in the bacterial growth between the two knives. From these results it would appear that the practice of changing blades after incising the skin is an unnecessary precaution in the prevention of bacterial contamination of clean wounds.