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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 3, Issue 4 | Pages 314 - 320
7 Apr 2022
Malhotra R Batra S Sugumar PA Gautam D


Adult patients with history of childhood infection pose a surgical challenge for total hip arthroplasty (THA) due to distorted bony anatomy, soft-tissue contractures, risk of reinfection, and relatively younger age. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to determine clinical outcome, reinfection rate, and complications in patients with septic sequelae after THA.


A retrospective analysis was conducted of 91 cementless THAs (57 male and 34 female) performed between 2008 and 2017 in patients who had history of hip infection during childhood. Clinical outcome was measured using Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Modified Merle d’Aubigne and Postel (MAP) score, and quality of life (QOL) using 12-Item Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-12) components: Physical Component Score (PCS) and Mental Component Score (MCS); limb length discrepancy (LLD) and radiological assessment of the prosthesis was performed at the latest follow-up. Reinfection and revision surgery after THA for any reason was documented.

Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 2, Issue 9 | Pages 696 - 704
1 Sep 2021
Malhotra R Gautam D Gupta S Eachempati KK


Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with post-polio residual paralysis (PPRP) is challenging. Despite relief in pain after THA, pre-existing muscle imbalance and altered gait may cause persistence of difficulty in walking. The associated soft tissue contractures not only imbalances the pelvis, but also poses the risk of dislocation, accelerated polyethylene liner wear, and early loosening.


In all, ten hips in ten patients with PPRP with fixed pelvic obliquity who underwent THA as per an algorithmic approach in two centres from January 2014 to March 2018 were followed-up for a minimum of two years (2 to 6). All patients required one or more additional soft tissue procedures in a pre-determined sequence to correct the pelvic obliquity. All were invited for the latest clinical and radiological assessment.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 100-B, Issue 7 | Pages 903 - 908
1 Jul 2018
Eachempati KK Malhotra R Pichai S Reddy AVG Podhili Subramani AK Gautam D Bollavaram VR Sheth NP


The advent of trabecular metal (TM) augments has revolutionized the management of severe bone defects during acetabular reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the use of TM augments for reconstruction of Paprosky IIIA and IIIB defects.

Patients and Methods

A retrospective study was conducted at four centres between August 2008 and January 2015. Patients treated with TM augments and TM shell for a Paprosky grade IIIA or IIIB defect, in the absence of pelvic discontinuity, and who underwent revision hip arthroplasty with the use of TM augments were included in the study. A total of 41 patients with minimum follow-up of two years were included and evaluated using intention-to-treat analysis.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1106 - 1110
1 Aug 2014
Malhotra R Kiran Kumar GN K. Digge V Kumar V

Giant cell tumour is the most common aggressive benign tumour of the musculoskeletal system and has a high rate of local recurrence. When it occurs in proximity to the hip, reconstruction of the joint is a challenge. Options for reconstruction after wide resection include the use of a megaprosthesis or an allograft-prosthesis composite. We performed a clinical and radiological study to evaluate the functional results of a proximal femoral allograft-prosthesis composite in the treatment of proximal femoral giant cell tumour after wide resection. This was an observational study, between 2006 and 2012, of 18 patients with a mean age of 32 years (28 to 42) and a mean follow-up of 54 months (18 to 79). We achieved excellent outcomes using Harris Hip Score in 13 patients and a good outcome in five. All allografts united. There were no complications such as infection, failure, fracture or resorption of the graft, or recurrent tumour. Resection and reconstruction of giant cell tumours with proximal femoral allograft–prosthesis composite is a better option than using a prosthesis considering preservation of bone stock and excellent restoration of function.

A good result requires demanding bone banking techniques, effective measures to prevent infection and stability at the allograft-host junction.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014; 96-B:1106–10.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 3 | Pages 298 - 303
1 Mar 2006
Bhan S Pankaj A Malhotra R

We compared the safety and outcome of one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty with those of a two-stage procedure during different admissions in a prospective, randomised controlled trial in an Asian population. Of 168 patients included in the study, 83 had a single- and 85 a two-stage procedure. Most of the patients (59.9%) suffered from inflammatory arthritis.

The intra-operative complications, early systemic complications, the operating time, positioning of the components, the functional score, restoration of limb length and survival rates at 96 months were similar in the two groups. The total estimated blood loss was significantly lower in patients undergoing a one-stage procedure than in patients who had a two-stage procedure, but the transfusion requirements were significantly higher in the former group (p = 0.001). The hospital stay was significantly shorter in the one-stage group, 7.25 days (sd 1.30; 5 to 20) compared with 10 days (sd 1.65; 8 to 24) in the two-stage group (p = 0.023). We believe that a one-stage procedure is safe and appropriate in our population.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1549 - 1552
1 Nov 2005
Malhotra R Bhan S Kiran EK

We present seven patients with recurrent haemarthroses after total knee arthroplasty, caused by an inherent platelet function defect. These patients developed painful knee swelling, persistent bleeding and/or wound breakdown, a platelet factor 3 availability defect being identified in all cases. Surgical exploration, with joint debridement, lavage and synovectomy, was performed in four patients who did not improve with conservative therapy. Histopathological examination of synovium revealed a focal synovial reaction with histiocytic infiltration, and occasional foreign-body giant cells. One patient required an early revision because of aseptic loosening of their tibial component. The condition was treated by single-donor platelet transfusions with good results. The diagnosis, management, and relevance of this disorder are discussed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 86-B, Issue 7 | Pages 1090 - 1090
1 Sep 2004

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1206 - 1206
1 Nov 2000

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 4 | Pages 571 - 573
1 May 2000
Kotwal PP Gupta V Malhotra R

Giant-cell tumour of the tendon sheath, also called pigmented villonodular synovitis, is a benign tumour with a high incidence of recurrence. We have tried to identify risk factors for recurrence. Of the 48 patients included in the study, 14 received radiotherapy after surgery. Only two (4%) had a recurrence. This compares favourably with previously reported incidences of between 25% and 45%.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 1 | Pages 114 - 116
1 Jan 1998
Kotwal PP Mittal R Malhotra R

We have reviewed 26 patients treated by trapezius transfer for deltoid paralysis due to brachial plexus injury or old poliomyelitis. We assessed the power of shoulder abduction and the tendency for subluxation. There were good results in 16 patients (60%); five were fair and five poor.

Trapezius transfer appears to give reasonable results in the salvage of abductor paralysis of the shoulder.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 1 | Pages 144 - 145
1 Jan 1989
Steinberg G Desai S Malhotra R Hickler R