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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 217 - 221
1 Mar 2000
McNicholas MJ Rowley DI McGurty D Adalberth T Abdon P Lindstrand A Lohmander LS

We have carried out a prospective, longitudinal 30-year review of 95 adolescents who underwent total meniscectomy in one knee, and have compared the results with those observed 13 years earlier. All the medical records were scrutinised. Of the 63 patients reviewed clinically, 47 reported decreased sporting activity, although subjective satisfaction rose by 3% to 71%. The scores on the WOMAC osteoarthritis index differed significantly between patients grouped by subjective global assessment. Satisfactory function scores increased from 48% to 60%. In the 53 patients consenting to bilateral radiography of the knee, the incidence of narrowing of the articular cartilage in the operated knee increased significantly between the reviews (19% to 36%). Progression of degenerative change paralleled reduction in activity. Outcome measures were best after medial, intermediate after lateral and worst after double meniscectomy.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 3 | Pages 449 - 451
1 May 1999
Magyar G Toksvig-Larsen S Lindstrand A

We studied the complications after open-wedge osteotomy by hemicallotasis in 308 consecutive patients, most of whom had osteoarthritis of the knee. The participating surgeons, who worked at 17 hospitals, used their discretion in selecting patients, operating techniques and external fixators. The general complications included 11 cases of deep-vein thrombosis (4%), six of nonunion (2%) and one of septic arthritis of the knee. There were technical complications in 13 patients (4%). In 157 patients (51%) pin-site infections were recorded; of these, 96% were minor and responded to wound toilet and antibiotic treatment. A total of 18 revision procedures was carried out.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 81-B, Issue 3 | Pages 444 - 448
1 May 1999
Magyar G Ahl TL Vibe P Toksvig-Larsen S Lindstrand A

We describe the results of 50 operations carried out on 46 patients with medial osteoarthritis of the knee of Ahlbäck grade 1 to 3. Patients were randomised either to a closed-wedge high tibial osteotomy (HTO) or an open-wedge procedure based on the hemicallotasis technique (HCO). Their median age was 55 years (38 to 68). The preoperative median hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle was 171° (164 to 176) in the HTO group and 173° (165 to 179) in the HCO group. After six weeks, the median HKA angle was 185° (176 to 194) in the HTO group and 184° (181 to 188) in the HCO group. In the HTO group, seven patients were within the range of 182° to 186° compared with 21 in the HCO group (p < 0.001). One year later, ten HTO patients were within this range while the HKA angulation in the HCO group was unchanged. At two years the numbers were 11 and 18, respectively.

We evaluated the clinical results on the Hospital for Special Surgery, Lysholm and Wallgren-Tegner activity scores, and patients completed part of the Nottingham Health Profile questionnaire. An impartial observer at the two-year follow-up concluded that all scores had improved, but found no clinical differences between the groups.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 2 | Pages 295 - 297
1 Mar 1998
Toksvig-Larsen S Magyar G Önsten I Ryd L Lindstrand A

To assess migration of the tibial component we used roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis in 40 patients who had had a total knee arthroplasty after failure of a closing wedge osteotomy and compared them with 40 matched patients after primary total knee arthroplasty.

We found no difference in migration over time or in the tendency for continuous migration between the two groups. There were no differences in alignment or position of the knee prosthesis or in the clinical outcome.

Our findings show that revision of a failed high tibial osteotomy to a total knee arthroplasty is effective.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 1 | Pages 169 - 172
1 Jan 1998
Jorn LP Fridén T Ryd L Lindstrand A

We obtained simultaneous measurements of sagittal knee laxity in 12 consecutive patients after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), using the Stryker laxity tester and radiostereometric analysis (RSA).

The mean anteroposterior (AP) displacement when a 90 N load was applied in both directions was 5.3 ± 2.7 mm with RSA and 9.8 ± 1.6 mm with the external device (p < 0.001). The corresponding measurements at a load of 180 N were 5.7 ± 2.4 mm and 13.8 ± 3.7 mm, respectively (p < 0.001).

More than 50% of the sagittal knee movement, as measured by the external device at a load of 180 N, was not true femorotibial displacement of the joint but was due to soft-tissue deformation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 3 | Pages 377 - 383
1 May 1995
Ryd L Albrektsson B Carlsson L Dansgard F Herberts P Lindstrand A Regner L Toksvig-Larsen S

The tibial components in 143 patients with total knee replacements performed before 1988 were assessed for micromotion using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA) over a period of 13 years. The fixation of the prostheses remained clinically sound in all cases, although revision had been required for other reasons in seven. In a second group taken from all cases with RSA available on our full database to 1990, 15 tibial components had been followed by RSA from the insertion until, 1 to 11 years after the initial arthroplasty, they were revised for mechanical loosening of the tibial component; 12 of these comprised all the loosenings in the base group, thus making a total of 155 consecutive cases, while an additional three were inserted after the base material had been compiled. The mean migration in the first group was about 1 mm at one year, but subsequent migration was slower, reaching a mean of about 1.5 mm after ten years. About one-third migrated continuously throughout follow-up, while two-thirds ceased to migrate after one to two years. In the revision group, 14 components had migrated continuously and at one year significantly more than those in the first group. One revision case lacked the crucial one-year follow-up and could not be classified. These findings suggest that mechanical loosening begins early in the postoperative period. Clinical symptoms which necessitate revision, seen at this stage in 20% of abnormally migrating tibial components, may not appear until up to ten years after the operation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 73-B, Issue 1 | Pages 13 - 15
1 Jan 1991
Toksvig-Larsen S Ryd L Lindstrand A

A saw blade was made from two standard oscillating blades which were fixed to each other with channels between, so that cooling fluid could be directed to the saw teeth. The blade was connected to a standard arthroscopy pump which delivered a flow of 80 ml/min through the blade. The performance of this blade was compared with that of a standard saw blade, cutting ox-bone in the laboratory. Irrigation of the standard saw blade with saline delivered by a syringe only slightly diminished the maximum temperature. Pumped irrigation was more effective but required large volumes of fluid. The heat generated by the internally cooled saw blade was negligible and the temperatures achieved (19 degrees C to 34 degrees C) fell well below the critical level for bone death (44 degrees C to 47 degrees C).

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 5 | Pages 795 - 803
1 Nov 1986
Knutson K Lindstrand A Lidgren L

A prospective nation-wide study of knee arthroplasty has been under way in Sweden since October 1975. By the end of 1983, 4505 arthroplasties for osteoarthritis and 3495 for rheumatoid arthritis had been recorded and reviewed one, three and six years after the operation. Using actuarial methods, the probability of the prosthesis remaining in situ after six years was calculated. In osteoarthritis this probability ranged from 65% for hinged prostheses to 90% for medial compartment prostheses. Two-and three-compartment prostheses produced intermediate results with 87% survival. In rheumatoid arthritis the probability varied from 72% for medial compartment prostheses to 90% for two- and three-compartment prostheses. The main reason for failure was loosening of the components, the second most common was infection. The probability of revision for infection by six years was 2% in osteoarthritis and 3% in rheumatoid arthritis. Most revisions were to a three-compartment prosthesis. Knee fusion at primary revision was required in 2% of the cases at six years.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 1 | Pages 47 - 52
1 Jan 1985
Knutson K Lindstrand A Lidgren L

Twenty consecutive patients treated by arthrodesis for failed knee arthroplasty are reviewed. Eight hinged, five stabilised and seven compartmental prostheses were removed, for infection (15 cases), loosening (4) and instability (1). One patient refused a second-stage operation but the remainder gained sound fusion. Infected knees had a two-stage procedure with temporary insertion of gentamicin-loaded beads after removal of the prosthesis; all infections healed. Six arthrodeses using a Hoffmann-Vidal external fixator resulted in two temporary failures. One Ace-Fischer external fixation was successful. Of 10 primary attempts at arthrodesis with an intramedullary Kuntscher nail, nine were successful; the tenth fused after two more attempts by the same method. The two failures of external fixation and two failures after Charnley single-frame compression done elsewhere were successfully fused with intramedullary nails. Delayed union in three cases fused after prolonged fixation and repeated bone grafts. The indications for and methods of arthrodesis after failed knee arthroplasty are discussed.