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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 409 - 412
1 Apr 2000
Kumta SM Leung PC Griffith JF Kew J Chow LTC

We describe our experience with vascularised bone grafting for the treatment of fibrous dysplasia of the upper limb in eight patients, five men and three women, aged between 17 and 36 years. The site was in the humerus in six and the radius in two. Persistent pain, progression of the lesion and pathological fracture with delayed union were the indications for surgical intervention.

We used a vascularised fibular graft after curettage of the lesion. Function and radiological progress were serially monitored. Early radiological union of the graft occurred at periods ranging from 8 to 14 weeks. The mean period for reconstitution of the diameter of the bone was 14 months (12 to 18) predominantly through inductive formation of bone around the vascularised graft, which was a prominent feature in all patients. There were no recurrences and none of the grafts sustained a fracture or failed to unite. After operation function was excellent in three patients and good in five. Vascularised bone grafts provide a safe and reliable means of ensuring good continuity of bone with little risk of recurrence and failure.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 80-B, Issue 6 | Pages 994 - 998
1 Nov 1998
Kumta SM Leung PC Griffith JF Roebuck DJ Chow LTC Li CK

The aim of limb-salvage surgery in malignant bone tumours in children is to restore function and eradicate local disease with as little morbidity as possible. Allografts are associated with a high rate of complications, particularly malunion at the allograft-host junction. We describe a simple technique which enhances union of allograft to host bone taking advantage of the discrepancy in size between the adult allograft and the child’s bone. This involves lifting a flap of periosteum before resection from the host bone, which is then telescoped into the allograft medullary canal, which may require internal burring or splitting, for a distance of 1.5 to 2 cm and covering the bone junction with the periosteal flap. This is more stable than conventional end-to-end opposition. For each centimetre of telescoping the surface area available for bony union is increased more than three times. The periosteal flap also augments union. Additional surface fixation with a plate and screws is not necessary.

We have used this technique in nine children, in eight of whom there was complete union at a mean of 16 weeks. Delayed union, associated with generalised limb osteoporosis, occurred in one. Early mobilisation, with weight-bearing by three weeks, was possible. There was only one fracture of the allograft.