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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 6 | Pages 794 - 798
1 Jun 2007
Strauss EJ Frank JB Walsh M Koval KJ Egol KA

Many orthopaedic surgeons believe that obese patients have a higher rate of peri-operative complications and a worse functional outcome than non-obese patients. There is, however, inconsistency in the literature supporting this notion.

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of body mass index (BMI) on injury characteristics, the incidence of complications, and the functional outcome after the operative management of unstable ankle fractures.

We retrospectively reviewed 279 patients (99 obese (BMI ≥ 30) and 180 non-obese (BMI < 30) patients who underwent surgical fixation of an unstable fracture of the ankle. We found that obese patients had a higher number of medical co-morbidities, and more Orthopaedic Trauma Association type B and C fracture types than non-obese patients. At two years from the time of injury, however, the presence of obesity did not affect the incidence of complications, the time to fracture union or the level of function.

These findings suggest that obese patients should be treated in line with standard procedures, keeping in mind any known associated medical co-morbidities.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 246 - 249
1 Mar 2000
Egol KA Dolan R Koval KJ

We randomised prospectively 60 consecutive patients who were undergoing internal fixation of similar fractures of the ankle into two groups, one of which was treated by immobilisation in a below-knee cast and the other by a functional brace with early movement. All were instructed to avoid weight-bearing on the affected side. They were seen at 6, 12, 26 and 52 weeks. The functional rating scale of Mazur et al was used to evaluate the patients at each follow-up and we recorded the time of return to work. After one year the patients completed the SF-36 questionnaire.

By then 55 patients remained in the study, 28 (mean age 45.5 years) in group 1 and 27 (mean age 39.5 years) in group 2. Those in group 2 had higher functional scores at each follow-up but only at six weeks was this difference significant (p = 0.02). They also had higher mean SF-36 scores, but this difference was significant only for two of the eight aspects investigated. For patients gainfully employed, not on workers’ compensation, the mean time from surgery to return to work was 53.3 days for group 2 and 106.5 days for group 1; this difference was significant (p = 0.01). No patient developed a problem with the wound or had loss of fixation.

Our findings support the use of a functional brace and early movement after surgery for fractures of the ankle.