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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1248 - 1252
1 Sep 2005
Awad JN Kebaish KM Donigan J Cohen DB Kostuik JP

In order to identify the risk factors and the incidence of post-operative spinal epidural haematoma, we analysed the records of 14 932 patients undergoing spinal surgery between 1984 and 2002. Of these, 32 (0.2%) required re-operation within one week of the initial procedure and had an International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 code for haematoma complicating a procedure (998.12). As controls, we selected those who had undergone a procedure of equal complexity by the same surgeon but who had not developed this complication. Risks identified before operation were older than 60 years of age, the use of pre-operative non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and Rh-positive blood type. Those during the procedure were involvement of more than five operative levels, a haemoglobin < 10 g/dL, and blood loss > 1 L, and after operation an international normalised ratio > 2.0 within the first 48 hours. All these were identified as significant (p < 0.03). Well-controlled anticoagulation and the use of drains were not associated with an increased risk of post-operative spinal epidural haematoma.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 56-B, Issue 4 | Pages 613 - 617
1 Nov 1974
Cameron HU Kostuik JP

1. Thirty-nine patients with synovial sarcoma have been reviewed.

2. The average rate of five-year survival was 45 per cent; of ten-year survival, 30 per cent; and of survival for more than ten years, 10 per cent.

3. The only important factor influencing the long-term results was the method of treatment; primary amputation was by far the best.