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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1457 - 1466
2 Nov 2020
Cha Y Yoo J Kim J Park C Ahn Y Choy W Ha Y Koo K


To evaluate the rate of dislocation following dual mobility total hip arthroplasty (DM-THA) in patients with displaced femoral neck fractures, and to compare rates of dislocation, surgical-site infection, reoperation, and one-year mortality between DM-THA and bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA).


Studies were selected based on the following criteria: 1) study design (retrospective cohort studies, prospective cohort studies, retrospective comparative studies, prospective comparative studies, and randomized controlled studies (RCTs)); 2) study population (patients with femoral neck fracture); 3) intervention (DM-THA or BHA); and 4) outcomes (complications during postoperative follow-up and clinical results). Pooled meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the dislocation rate after DM-THA and to compare outcomes between DM-THA and BHA.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 5 | Pages 556 - 567
1 May 2020
Park JW Lee Y Lee YJ Shin S Kang Y Koo K

Deep gluteal syndrome is an increasingly recognized disease entity, caused by compression of the sciatic or pudendal nerve due to non-discogenic pelvic lesions. It includes the piriformis syndrome, the gemelli-obturator internus syndrome, the ischiofemoral impingement syndrome, and the proximal hamstring syndrome. The concept of the deep gluteal syndrome extends our understanding of posterior hip pain due to nerve entrapment beyond the traditional model of the piriformis syndrome. Nevertheless, there has been terminological confusion and the deep gluteal syndrome has often been undiagnosed or mistaken for other conditions. Careful history-taking, a physical examination including provocation tests, an electrodiagnostic study, and imaging are necessary for an accurate diagnosis.

After excluding spinal lesions, MRI scans of the pelvis are helpful in diagnosing deep gluteal syndrome and identifying pathological conditions entrapping the nerves. It can be conservatively treated with multidisciplinary treatment including rest, the avoidance of provoking activities, medication, injections, and physiotherapy.

Endoscopic or open surgical decompression is recommended in patients with persistent or recurrent symptoms after conservative treatment or in those who may have masses compressing the sciatic nerve.

Many physicians remain unfamiliar with this syndrome and there is a lack of relevant literature. This comprehensive review aims to provide the latest information about the epidemiology, aetiology, pathology, clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(5):556–567.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 101-B, Issue 8 | Pages 897 - 901
1 Aug 2019
Konan S Alazzawi S Yoon B Cha Y Koo K

Ceramic bearings have several desirable properties, such as resistance to wear, hardness, and biocompatibility, that favour it as an articulating surface in hip arthroplasty. However, ceramic fracture remains a concern. We have reviewed the contemporary literature, addressing the factors that can influence the incidence of ceramic bearing surface fracture.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:897–901.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1458 - 1463
1 Nov 2013
Won S Lee Y Ha Y Suh Y Koo K

Pre-operative planning for total hip replacement (THR) is challenging in hips with severe acetabular deformities, including those with a hypoplastic acetabulum or severe defects and in the presence of arthrodesis or ankylosis. We evaluated whether a Rapid Prototype (RP) model, which is a life-sized reproduction based on three-dimensional CT scans, can determine the feasibility of THR and provide information about the size and position of the acetabular component in severe acetabular deformities. THR was planned using an RP model in 21 complex hips in five men (five hips) and 16 women (16 hips) with a mean age of 47.7 years (24 to 70) at operation. An acetabular component was implanted successfully and THR completed in all hips. The acetabular component used was within 2 mm of the predicted size in 17 hips (80.9%). All of the acetabular components and femoral stems had radiological evidence of bone ingrowth and stability at the final follow-up, without any detectable wear or peri-prosthetic osteolysis. The RP model allowed a simulated procedure pre-operatively and was helpful in determining the feasibility of THR pre-operatively, and to decide on implant type, size and position in complex THRs.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1458–63.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 7 | Pages 956 - 960
1 Jul 2012
Kim T Ha Y Kang B Lee Y Koo K

This prospective multicentre study was undertaken to determine whether the timing of the post-operative administration of bisphosphonate affects fracture healing and the rate of complication following an intertrochanteric fracture. Between August 2008 and December 2009, 90 patients with an intertrochanteric fracture who underwent internal fixation were randomised to three groups according to the timing of the commencement of risedronate treatment after surgery: Group A (from one week after surgery), Group B (from one month after surgery), and Group C (from three months after surgery). The radiological time to fracture healing was assessed as the primary endpoint, and the incidence of complications, including excessive displacement or any complication requiring revision surgery, as the secondary endpoint. The mean time to fracture healing post-operatively in groups A, B and C was 10.7 weeks (sd 4.4), 12.9 weeks (sd 6.2) and 12.3 weeks (sd 7.1), respectively (p = 0.420). At 24 weeks after surgery, all fractures had united, except six that had a loss of fixation. Functional outcomes at one year after surgery according to the Koval classification (p = 0.948) and the incidence of complications (p = 0.386) were similar in the three groups.

This study demonstrates that the timing of the post-operative administration of bisphosphonates does not appear to affect the rate of healing of an intertrochanteric fracture or the incidence of complications.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 1 | Pages 32 - 36
1 Jan 2012
Nho J Lee Y Kim HJ Ha Y Suh Y Koo K

A variety of radiological methods of measuring version of the acetabular component after total hip replacement (THR) have been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of six methods (those of Lewinnek; Widmer; Hassan et al; Ackland, Bourne and Uhthoff; Liaw et al; and Woo and Morrey) that are currently in use. In 36 consecutive patients who underwent THR, version of the acetabular component was measured by three independent examiners on plain radiographs using these six methods and compared with measurements using CT scans. The intra- and interobserver reliabilities of each measurement were estimated. All measurements on both radiographs and CT scans had excellent intra- and interobserver reliability and the results from each of the six methods correlated well with the CT measurements. However, measurements made using the methods of Widmer and of Ackland, Bourne and Uhthoff were significantly different from the CT measurements (both p < 0.001), whereas measurements made using the remaining four methods were similar to the CT measurements. With regard to reliability and convergent validity, we recommend the use of the methods described by Lewinnek, Hassan et al, Liaw et al and Woo and Morrey for measurement of version of the acetabular component.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 1 | Pages 83 - 89
1 Jan 2001
Koo K Song H Yang J Yang P Kim J Kim Y

The rate of success of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy for osteonecrosis of the femoral head may be improved if patients are preselected using MRI. We have used three criteria for selection for osteotomy (i) minor collapse of the infarcted area, loss of congruity or the crescent sign, without narrowing of the joint space or acetabular involvement (ii) patients younger than 55 years and with a painful hip (iii) patients with an intact area constituting an arc of more than 120° between the central vertical line of the femoral head and the posterior or anterior margin of the necrotic portion as seen on a midsagittal MRI. Seventeen patients were selected, with a follow-up of more than 42 months. A bone scan four weeks after operation showed adequate perfusion of the proximal segment in all hips. The hip score of Merle d’Aubigné et al improved from 13.5 points before operation to 17.2 points at the latest follow-up. Further collapse of the femoral head did not occur.

The use of MRI instead of plain radiographs for the selection of patients has improved the success rate of transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 79-B, Issue 5 | Pages 748 - 752
1 Sep 1997
Song H Cho S Jeong S Park Y Koo K

Stable fixation after a corrective supracondylar osteotomy in adults is difficult because of the irregularity of the area of bony contact, displacement of the fragments, the predominance of cortical bone, and the need for early mobilisation.

We have used the Ilizarov apparatus for fixation in 15 patients who were treated by complex osteotomies with displacement of fragments for cubitus varus or valgus. Most patients with cubitus varus required medial displacement with rotation of the distal fragment. Those with cubitus valgus required lateral shift of the distal fragment to reduce the medial prominence of the elbow that would otherwise result.

All osteotomies united within the expected time without loss of correction, despite early mobilisation. Complications related to the fixation were few and had resolved at the long-term follow-up.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 78-B, Issue 4 | Pages 682 - 682
1 Jul 1996

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 6 | Pages 875 - 880
1 Nov 1995
Koo K Kim R

In a randomised trial comparing core decompression with conservative treatment we tested the hypothesis that the extent of necrosis at the initial MRI predicts the subsequent risk of collapse of the femoral head. After the initial clinical evaluation, including plain radiography and MRI, 37 hips with early-stage osteonecrosis (ON) in 33 patients were randomly assigned to a core-decompression group or a conservatively-treated group. All were followed regularly by clinical evaluation, plain radiography and MRI at intervals of three months. The extent of ON was estimated on the basis of abnormal signal intensity in the weight-bearing portion of the femoral head as determined from a combination of coronal and sagittal MRIs. The arc of the necrotic portion in the mid-coronal image (A) and that in the mid-sagittal image (B) were used to quantify the extent of necrosis by the formula: (A/180) x (B/180) x 100. There was a strong correlation between this index and the risk of collapse before and after adjustment for age, gender, stage and treatment group. We conclude that the extent of the necrotic portion ascertain by this method is a major predictor of future collapse. We propose a systematic method of determining the index of the necrotic portion which may be clinically useful in the management of early-stage ON of the femoral head.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 77-B, Issue 6 | Pages 870 - 874
1 Nov 1995
Koo K Kim R Ko G Song H Jeong S Cho S

We performed a randomised trial on 37 hips (33 patients) with early-stage osteonecrosis (ON). After the initial clinical evaluation, including plain radiography and MRI, 18 hips were randomly assigned to a core-decompression group and 19 to a conservatively-treated group. All the patients were regularly followed up by clinical evaluation, plain radiography and MRI at intervals of three months. Hip pain was relieved in nine out of ten initially symptomatic hips in the core-decompression group but persisted in three out of four initially painful hips in the conservatively-treated group at the second assessment (p < 0.05). At a minimum follow-up of 24 months, 14 of the 18 core-decompressed hips (78%) and 15 of the 19 non-operated hips (79%) developed collapse of the femoral head. By survival analysis, there was no significant difference in the time to collapse between the two groups (log-rank test p = 0.79). Core decompression may be effective tin symptomatic relief, but is of no greater value than conservative management in preventing collapse in early osteonecrosis of the femoral head.