header advert
Results 1 - 12 of 12
Results per page:
Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 11, Issue 1 | Pages 6 - 12
1 Feb 2022
Khan T Ng J Chandrasenan J Ali FM

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1670 - 1674
5 Dec 2020
Khan T Middleton R Alvand A Manktelow ARJ Scammell BE Ollivere BJ


To determine mortality risk after first revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) for periprosthetic femoral fracture (PFF), and to compare this to mortality risk after primary and first revision THA for other common indications.


The study cohort consisted of THAs recorded in the National Joint Registry between 2003 and 2015, linked to national mortality data. First revision THAs for PFF, infection, dislocation, and aseptic loosening were identified. We used a flexible parametric model to estimate the cumulative incidence function of death at 90 days, one year, and five years following first revision THA and primary THA, in the presence of further revision as a competing risk. Analysis covariates were age, sex, and American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1491 - 1496
1 Nov 2020
Buddhdev PK Vanhegan IS Khan T Hashemi-Nejad A


Despite advances in the treatment of paediatric hip disease, adolescent and young adult patients can develop early onset end-stage osteoarthritis. The aims of this study were to address the indications and medium-term outcomes for total hip arthroplasty (THA) with ceramic bearings for teenage patients.


Surgery was performed by a single surgeon working in the paediatric orthopaedic unit of a tertiary referral hospital. Databases were interrogated from 2003 to 2017 for all teenage patients undergoing THA with a minimum 2.3 year follow-up. Data capture included patient demographics, the underlying hip pathology, number of previous surgeries, and THA prostheses used. Institutional ethical approval was granted to contact patients for prospective clinical outcomes and obtain up-to-date radiographs. In total, 60 primary hips were implanted in 51 patients (35 female, 16 male) with nine bilateral cases. The mean age was 16.7 years (12 to 19) and mean follow-up was 9.3 years (2.3 to 16.8).

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 8, Issue 4 | Pages 5 - 13
1 Aug 2019
Middleton R Khan T Alvand A

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 6, Issue 4 | Pages 38 - 39
1 Aug 2017
Khan T

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 4_Supple_B | Pages 17 - 25
1 Apr 2017
Khan T Grindlay D Ollivere BJ Scammell BE Manktelow ARJ Pearson RG


The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of Vancouver type B2 and B3 fractures by performing a systematic review of the methods of surgical treatment which have been reported.

Materials and Methods

A systematic search was performed in Ovid MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. For inclusion, studies required a minimum of ten patients with a Vancouver type B2 and/or ten patients with a Vancouver type B3 fracture, a minimum mean follow-up of two years and outcomes which were matched to the type of fracture. Studies were also required to report the rate of re-operation as an outcome measure. The protocol was registered in the PROSPERO database.

Bone & Joint 360
Vol. 6, Issue 2 | Pages 37 - 39
1 Apr 2017
Khan T

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1027 - 1034
1 Aug 2013
Khan T Joseph B

Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) is a rare but well recognised condition. Obtaining union of the pseudarthrosis in these children is often difficult and may require several surgical procedures. The treatment has changed significantly since the review by Hardinge in 1972, but controversies continue as to the best form of surgical treatment. This paper reviews these controversies.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:1027–34.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1586 - 1591
1 Dec 2011
Alvand A Auplish S Khan T Gill HS Rees JL

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of training on the arthroscopic performance of a group of medical students and to determine whether all students could be trained to competence. Thirty-three medical students with no previous experience of arthroscopy were randomised to a ‘Trained’ or an ‘Untrained’ cohort. They were required to carry out 30 episodes of two simulated arthroscopic tasks (one shoulder and one knee). The primary outcome variable was task success at each episode. Individuals achieved competence when their learning curve stabilised. The secondary outcome was technical dexterity, assessed objectively using a validated motion analysis system. Six subjects in the ‘Untrained’ cohort failed to achieve competence in the shoulder task, compared with one in the ‘Trained’ cohort. During the knee task, two subjects in each cohort failed to achieve competence. Based on the objective motion analysis parameters, the ‘Trained’ cohort performed better on the shoulder task (p < 0.05) but there was no significant difference for the knee task (p > 0.05).

Although specific training improved the arthroscopic performance of novices, there were individuals who could not achieve competence despite focused training.These findings may have an impact on the selection process for trainees and influence individual career choices.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 5 | Pages 586 - 590
1 May 2007
Sauvé P Mountney J Khan T De Beer J Higgins B Grover M

Metal-on-metal bearings for total hip replacement (THR) are becoming increasingly popular. Improved wear characteristics mean that these articulations are being inserted into younger patients in the form of THR and resurfacing procedures. This has led to concerns regarding potential carcinogenicity because of the increased exposure to metal ions that the procedure brings.

We have studied the serum cobalt and chromium concentrations in patients who had primary, well-fixed Ring metal-on-metal THRs for more than 30 years. The levels of cobalt and chromium were elevated by five and three times, respectively compared with those in our reference groups. Metal-on-metal articulations appear to be the source of metal ions throughout the life of the prosthesis. In three patients who had undergone revision of a previous metal-on-metal THR to a metal-on-polyethylene replacement the levels of metal ions were within the normal range. The elevations of cobalt and chromium ions seen in our study were comparable with those in patients with modern metal-on-metal THRs.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1541 - 1544
1 Nov 2005
Zenios M Sampath J Cole C Khan T Galasko CSB

Subluxation of the hip is common in patients with intermediate spinal muscular atrophy. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the influence of surgery on pain and function, as well as the natural history of subluxed hips which were treated conservatively. Thirty patients were assessed clinically and radiologically. Of the nine who underwent surgery only one reported satisfaction and four had recurrent subluxation. Of the 21 patients who had no surgery, 18 had subluxation at the latest follow-up, but only one reported pain in the hip. We conclude that surgery for subluxation of the hip in these patients is not justified.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 4 | Pages 618 - 621
1 May 2001