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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1520 - 1525
1 Nov 2017
Haines N Kempton LB Seymour RB Bosse MJ Churchill C Hand K Hsu JR Keil D Kellam J Rozario N Sims S Karunakar MA


To evaluate the effect of a single early high-dose vitamin D supplement on fracture union in patients with hypovitaminosis D and a long bone fracture.

Patients and Methods

Between July 2011 and August 2013, 113 adults with a long bone fracture were enrolled in a prospective randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Their serum vitamin D levels were measured and a total of 100 patients were found to be vitamin D deficient (< 20 ng/ml) or insufficient (< 30 ng/mL). These were then randomised to receive a single dose of vitamin D3 orally (100 000 IU) within two weeks of injury (treatment group, n = 50) or a placebo (control group, n = 50). We recorded patient demographics, fracture location and treatment, vitamin D level, time to fracture union and complications, including vitamin D toxicity.

Outcomes included union, nonunion or complication requiring an early, unplanned secondary procedure. Patients without an outcome at 15 months and no scheduled follow-up were considered lost to follow-up. The t-test and cross tabulations verified the adequacy of randomisation. An intention-to-treat analysis was carried out.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 4 | Pages 644 - 648
1 Aug 1988
Clifford R Beauchamp C Kellam J Webb J Tile M

The results of immediate plate fixation of 97 open fractures of the tibial shaft in 95 patients are reported. Significant joint stiffness occurred in 11.4% and angular malunion of greater than 5 degrees in any plane was seen in 3.1%. The infection rate was 10.3%. However, even in those cases which develop delayed union or other complications, plate fixation of open fractures can produce excellent recovery of limb function.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 2 | Pages 293 - 296
1 Mar 1985
Bell M Beauchamp C Kellam J McMurtry R

Excellent results can be achieved by plating fractures of the shaft of the humerus in patients with multiple injuries. This helps in nursing care and in the management of other injuries. In 38 patients admitted to a regional trauma centre, 39 humeral shaft fractures were plated. There were 27 men and 11 women, with an average age of 31.5 years. Fourteen of the humeral fractures were compound and 20 had significant comminution; 23 were fixed by a plate on the day of admission and all 39 by the twentieth day. Follow-up of 34 fractures showed that all had united, 33 primarily. All patients but one had a fully functional shoulder and no patient with a fractured humerus alone had lost any elbow movement. Complications were rare--one case each of non-union, fixation failure and infection. No permanent nerve injuries were produced at operation. The plating of fractures of the humerus in these circumstances has been shown to produce excellent results and has a place in the management of the patient with multiple injuries.