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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 5 | Pages 744 - 746
1 Jul 2000
Kealey WDC Mayne EE McDonald W Murray P Cosgrove AP

Recent reports have suggested an association between Perthes’ disease and an underlying thrombophilic or hypofibrinolytic tendency. In Northern Ireland there is a high incidence of Perthes’ disease (11.7 per 100 000 or 1 in 607 children) in a stable paediatric population.

We reviewed 139 children with Perthes’ disease and compared them with a control group of 220 aged- and gender-matched healthy primary schoolchildren with similar racial and ethnic backgrounds.

There were no significant deficiencies of antithrombotic factors protein C, protein S, antithrombin III or resistance to activated protein C. A total of 53 (38.1%) of the children with Perthes’ disease had a prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (> 38) compared with 13 (5.9%) of the control group (p < 0.001). Our findings have shown that using standard assays, thrombophilia secondary to antithrombotic factor deficiency or resistance to activated protein does not appear to be an aetiological factor for Perthes’ disease. The cause of the prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time, usually associated with a clotting factor deficiency, is under further investigation.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 2 | Pages 167 - 171
1 Mar 2000
Kealey WDC Cosgrove AP Moore AJ Cook S

It has been suggested that Perthes’ disease is more prevalent in urban areas, and that the risk increases with deprivation. We present the findings of a preliminary analysis of Perthes’ disease in Northern Ireland, which is shown to have one of the highest national annual rates of incidence in the world (11.6 per 100 000). Of the 313 children diagnosed over a seven-year period, 311 were allocated to the enumeration districts of the 1991 census, thus allowing the incidence to be calculated using both spatial and non-spatial aggregation. The cases were grouped according to the size of the settlement from highly urbanised to open countryside and by level of area deprivation. While the incidence of Perthes’ disease was found to be associated with indicators of the level of deprivation for areas, there was no evidence to suggest that there was an increased risk in urban areas; the highest rate was found in the most deprived rural category.