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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1201 - 1203
1 Nov 2000
Karrholm J Brandsson S Freeman MAR

We studied the knees of 11 volunteers using RSA during a step-up exercise requiring extension while weight-bearing from 50° to 0°. The findings on weight-bearing flexion with and without external rotation of the tibia based on MRI were confirmed.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 6 | Pages 912 - 917
1 Nov 1994
Karrholm J Borssen B Lowenhielm G Snorrason F

Roentgen stereophotogrammetry was used to measure the migration of the centre of the femoral head in 84 cemented Lubinus SP I hip arthroplasties (58 primary operations, 26 revisions). Four to seven years later, seven femoral components had been revised because of painful loosening. These implants showed greater subsidence, medial migration and posterior migration during the first two postoperative years than did the hips which had not been revised. Six months after operation, subsidence of more than 0.33 mm combined with a total migration of more than 0.85 mm predicted an increased risk of subsequent revision; the amount of subsidence at two years was an even better predictor. The probability of revision was greater than 50% if the subsidence at two years was 1.2 mm or more.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 82 - 87
1 Jan 1994
Jonsson H Elmqvist L Karrholm J Tegner Y

We report a review of 54 patients with chronic anterior cruciate ligament rupture treated by patellar-quadriceps tendon graft augmented with polypropylene braid (Kennedy-LAD). The femoral placement of the graft was randomised to either a modified over-the-top (OTT) or a tunnel position obtained by an isometric drill guide (ISO). At the two-year follow-up both procedures had resulted in improvement of subjective knee function and activity level. Stereoradiographic measurements showed reduction of anteroposterior laxity to near normal in about one-third of the patients, but muscle strength and objective functional performance showed little or no changes. The OTT group had better subjective knee function. We were unable to confirm the theoretical advantages of the use of the drill guide, partly because it provided a tibial tunnel which was too anterior.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 4 | Pages 647 - 652
1 Jul 1990
Snorrason F Karrholm J

We investigated the fixation of fully-threaded cementless acetabular prostheses in 20 patients with osteoarthritis, measuring the migration of the cup using roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA). All the cups migrated proximally, 13 moved laterally or medially, and nine moved anteriorly or posteriorly in the first two postoperative years, the average migration being 1.1 to 1.4 mm in either direction. Rotatory movements of up to 5.7 degrees were found in nine of the 13 hips where this analysis could be performed. Movements of cobalt-chrome (12) and titanium alloy (8) cups did not differ significantly. Seventeen of the 20 patients had some pain two years after the operation. The migration of the prostheses indicates that 'osseointegration' had not occurred. The combination of this with persistent pain suggests that the long-term results will be unfavourable.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 5 | Pages 777 - 783
1 Nov 1988
Karrholm J Selvik G Elmqvist L Hansson L Jonsson H

Using roentgen stereophotogrammetry we have recorded the three-dimensional movements of the knee during an anteroposterior laxity test in 36 patients with torn anterior cruciate ligaments and in three cadaver knees. At 30 degrees of knee flexion and before loads were applied the tibia occupied a more laterally rotated position if the anterior cruciate ligament had been injured. When the tibia was pulled anteriorly knees with cruciate deficiency rotated more laterally and were more abducted than normal knees. Posterior traction induced lateral rotation in the injured knee and medial rotation in the intact one. Precise knowledge of the three-dimensional instability of the anterior cruciate deficient knee may be important when the laxity is evaluated only in relation to one of the three cardinal axes.