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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 93-B, Issue 11 | Pages 1568 - 1570
1 Nov 2011
Labbé J Peres O Leclair O Goulon R Scemama P Jourdel F Duparc B

We describe a symptomatic, progressive restriction of knee flexion due to an accessory quadriceps femoris in a nine-year-old girl. There was no history or findings of post-injection fibrosis, nor any obvious swelling of the affected quadriceps. At arthroscopy no intra-articular pathology was found. An accessory ‘quinticeps femoris’ was diagnosed by ultrasonography and MRI. Following excision of the muscle and tendon full flexion of the knee was regained and there was no recurrence of the contracture.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 91-B, Issue 1 | Pages 91 - 96
1 Jan 2009
Labbe J Peres O Leclair O Goulon R Scemama P Jourdel F

We have reviewed our experience in managing 11 patients who sustained an indirect sternal fracture in combination with an upper thoracic spinal injury between 2003 and 2006. These fractures have previously been described as ‘associated’ fractures, but since the upper thorax is an anatomical entity composed of the upper thoracic spine, ribs and sternum joined together, we feel that the term ‘fractures of the upper transthoracic cage’ is a better description. These injuries are a challenge because they are unusual and easily overlooked. They require a systematic clinical and radiological examination to identify both lesions. This high-energy trauma gives severe devastating concomitant injuries and CT with contrast and reconstruction is essential after resuscitation to confirm the presence of all the lesions. The injury level occurs principally at T4–T5 and at the manubriosternal joint. These unstable fractures need early posterior stabilisation and fusion or, if treated conservatively, a very close follow-up.