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To test the hypothesis that reseeded anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-derived cells have a better ability to survive and integrate into tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) and accelerate the ligamentization process, compared to adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs).


Acellularized tibialis allograft tendons were used. Tendons were randomly reseeded with ACL-derived cells or ADMSCs. ACL-derived cells were harvested and isolated from remnants of ruptured ACLs during reconstruction surgery and cultured at passage three. Cell suspensions (200 µl) containing 2 × 106 ACL-derived cells or ADMSCs were prepared for the purpose of reseeding. At days 1, 3, and 7 post-reseeding, graft composites were assessed for repopulation with histological and immunohistochemical analysis. Matrix protein contents and gene expression levels were analyzed.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 102-B, Issue 6 Supple A | Pages 163 - 169
1 Jun 2020
Lawrie CM Jo S Barrack T Roper S Wright RW Nunley RM Barrack RL


The aim of this study was to determine if the local delivery of vancomycin and tobramycin in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can achieve intra-articular concentrations exceeding the minimum inhibitory concentration thresholds for bacteria causing acute prosthetic joint infection (PJI).


Using a retrospective single-institution database of all primary TKAs performed between January 1 2014 and May 7 2019, we identified patients with acute PJI that were managed surgically within 90 days of the initial procedure. The organisms from positive cultures obtained at the time of revision were tested for susceptibility to gentamicin, tobramycin, and vancomycin. A prospective study was then performed to determine the intra-articular antibiotic concentration on postoperative day one after primary TKA using one of five local antibiotic delivery strategies with tobramycin and/or vancomycin mixed into the polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) or vancomycin powder.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 99-B, Issue 5 | Pages 666 - 673
1 May 2017
Werthel J Lonjon G Jo S Cofield R Sperling JW Elhassan BT


In the initial development of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), the humeral component was usually fixed with cement. Cementless components were subsequently introduced. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented and cementless humeral components in arthroplasty of the shoulder.

Patients and Methods

All patients who underwent primary arthroplasty of the shoulder at our institution between 1970 and 2012 were included in the study. There were 4636 patients with 1167 cemented humeral components and 3469 cementless components. Patients with the two types of fixation were matched for nine different covariates using a propensity score analysis. A total of 551 well-balanced pairs of patients with cemented and cementless components were available after matching for comparison of the outcomes. The clinical outcomes which were analysed included loosening of the humeral component determined at revision surgery, periprosthetic fractures, post-operative infection and operating time.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 2 | Pages 190 - 193
1 Feb 2012
Koh Y Moon H Kim Y Park Y Jo S Kwon S

We compared extrusion of the allograft after medial and lateral meniscal allograft transplantation and examined the correlation between the extent of extrusion and the clinical outcome. A total of 73 lateral and 26 medial meniscus allografts were evaluated by MRI at a mean of 32 months (24 to 59) in 99 patients (67 men, 32 women) with a mean age of 35 years (21 to 52). The absolute values and the proportional widths of extruded menisci as a percentage were measured in coronal images that showed maximum extrusion. Functional assessments were performed using Lysholm scores. The mean extrusion was 4.7 mm (1.8 to 7.7) for lateral menisci and 2.9 mm (1.2 to 6.5) for medial menisci (p < 0.001), and the mean percentage extrusions were 52.0% (23.8% to 81.8%) and 31.2% (11.6% to 63.4%), respectively (p < 0.001). Mean Lysholm scores increased significantly from 49.0 (10 to 83) pre-operatively to 86.6 (33 to 99) at final follow-up for lateral menisci (p = 0.001) and from 50.9 (15 to 88) to 88.3 (32 to 100) for medial menisci (p < 0.001). The final mean Lysholm scores were similar in the two groups (p = 0.312). Furthermore, Lysholm scores were not found to be correlated with degree of extrusion (p = 0.242).

Thus, transplanted lateral menisci extrude more significantly than transplanted medial menisci. However, the clinical outcome after meniscal transplantation was not found to be adversely affected by extrusion of the allograft.