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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 2, Issue 10 | Pages 886 - 892
25 Oct 2021
Jeyaseelan L Sedgwick P El-Daly I Tahmassebi R Pearse M Bhattacharya R Trompeter AJ Bates P

Aims

As the world continues to fight successive waves of COVID-19 variants, we have seen worldwide infections surpass 100 million. London, UK, has been severely affected throughout the pandemic, and the resulting impact on the NHS has been profound. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on theatre productivity across London’s four major trauma centres (MTCs), and to assess how the changes to normal protocols and working patterns impacted trauma theatre efficiency.

Methods

This was a collaborative study across London’s MTCs. A two-month period was selected from 5 March to 5 May 2020. The same two-month period in 2019 was used to provide baseline data for comparison. Demographic information was collected, as well as surgical speciality, procedure, time to surgery, type of anaesthesia, and various time points throughout the patient journey to theatre.


The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1202 - 1207
1 Sep 2016
Jeyaseelan L Chandrashekar S Mulligan A Bosman HA Watson AJS

Aims

The mainstay of surgical correction of hallux valgus is first metatarsal osteotomy, either proximally or distally. We present a technique of combining a distal chevron osteotomy with a proximal opening wedge osteotomy, for the correction of moderate to severe hallux valgus.

Patients and Methods

We reviewed 45 patients (49 feet) who had undergone double osteotomy. Outcome was assessed using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) and the Short Form (SF) -36 Health Survey scores. Radiological measurements were undertaken to assess the correction.

The mean age of the patients was 60.8 years (44.2 to 75.3). The mean follow-up was 35.4 months (24 to 51).


The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 6 | Pages 759 - 764
1 Jun 2014
Tibrewal S Malagelada F Jeyaseelan L Posch F Scott G

Peri-prosthetic infection is amongst the most common causes of failure following total knee replacement (TKR). In the presence of established infection, thorough joint debridement and removal of all components is necessary following which new components may be implanted. This can be performed in one or two stages; two-stage revision with placement of an interim antibiotic-loaded spacer is regarded by many to be the standard procedure for eradication of peri-prosthetic joint infection.

We present our experience of a consecutive series of 50 single-stage revision TKRs for established deep infection performed between 1979 and 2010. There were 33 women and 17 men with a mean age at revision of 66.8 years (42 to 84) and a mean follow-up of 10.5 years (2 to 24). The mean time between the primary TKR and the revision procedure was 2.05 years (1 to 8).

Only one patient required a further revision for recurrent infection, representing a success rate of 98%. Nine patients required further revision for aseptic loosening, according to microbiological testing of biopsies taken at the subsequent surgery. Three other patients developed a further septic episode but none required another revision.

These results suggest that a single-stage revision can produce comparable results to a two-stage revision. Single-stage revision offers a reduction in costs as well as less morbidity and inconvenience for patients.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:759–64.


The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 5 | Pages 660 - 663
1 May 2013
Ghosh S Singh VK Jeyaseelan L Sinisi M Fox M

In adults with brachial plexus injuries, lack of active external rotation at the shoulder is one of the most common residual deficits, significantly compromising upper limb function. There is a paucity of evidence to address this complex issue. We present our experience of isolated latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle transfer to achieve active external rotation. This is a retrospective review of 24 adult post-traumatic plexopathy patients who underwent isolated latissimus dorsi muscle transfer to restore external rotation of the shoulder between 1997 and 2010. All patients were male with a mean age of 34 years (21 to 57). All the patients underwent isolated LD muscle transfer using a standard technique to correct external rotational deficit. Outcome was assessed for improvement in active external rotation, arc of movement, muscle strength and return to work. The mean improvement in active external rotation from neutral was 24° (10° to 50°). The mean increase in arc of rotation was 52° (38° to 55°). Mean power of the external rotators was 3.5 Medical Research Council (MRC) grades (2 to 5).

A total of 21 patients (88%) were back in work by the time of last follow up. Of these, 13 had returned to their pre-injury occupation. Isolated latissimus dorsi muscle transfer provides a simple and reliable method of restoring useful active external rotation in adults with brachial plexus injuries with internal rotational deformity.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:660–3.


The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 1 | Pages 106 - 110
1 Jan 2013
Jeyaseelan L Singh VK Ghosh S Sinisi M Fox M

We present our experience of managing patients with iatropathic brachial plexus injury after delayed fixation of a fracture of the clavicle. It is a retrospective cohort study of patients treated at our peripheral nerve injury unit and a single illustrative case report. We identified 21 patients in whom a brachial plexus injury occurred as a direct consequence of fixation of a fracture of the clavicle between September 2000 and September 2011.

The predominant injury involved the C5/C6 nerves, upper trunk, lateral cord and the suprascapular nerve. In all patients, the injured nerve was found to be tethered to the under surface of the clavicle by scar tissue at the site of the fracture and was usually associated with pathognomonic neuropathic pain and paralysis.

Delayed fixation of a fracture of the clavicle, especially between two and four weeks after injury, can result in iatropathic brachial plexus injury. The risk can be reduced by thorough release of the tissues from the inferior surface of the clavicle before mobilisation of the fracture fragments. If features of nerve damage appear post-operatively urgent specialist referral is recommended.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:106–10.


The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 1 | Pages 20 - 22
1 Jan 2013
Kyriacou S Pastides PS Singh VK Jeyaseelan L Sinisi M Fox M

The purpose of this study was to establish whether exploration and neurolysis is an effective method of treating neuropathic pain in patients with a sciatic nerve palsy after total hip replacement (THR). A total of 56 patients who had undergone this surgery at our hospital between September 1999 and September 2010 were retrospectively identified. There were 42 women and 14 men with a mean age at exploration of 61.2 years (28 to 80). The sciatic nerve palsy had been sustained by 46 of the patients during a primary THR, five during a revision THR and five patients during hip resurfacing. The mean pre-operative visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score was 7.59 (2 to 10), the mean post-operative VAS was 3.77 (0 to 10), with a resulting mean improvement of 3.82 (0 to 10). The pre- and post-neurolysis VAS scores were significantly different (p < 0.001). Based on the findings of our study, we recommend this form of surgery over conservative management in patients with neuropathic pain associated with a sciatic nerve palsy after THR.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:20–2.