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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 96-B, Issue 9 | Pages 1202 - 1206
1 Sep 2014
Kumar V Sharma S James J Hodgkinson JP Hemmady MV

Despite a lack of long-term follow-up, there is an increasing trend towards using femoral heads of large diameter in total hip replacement (THR), partly because of the perceived advantage of lower rates of dislocation. However, increasing the size of the femoral head is not the only way to reduce the rate of dislocation; optimal alignment of the components and repair of the posterior capsule could achieve a similar effect.

In this prospective study of 512 cemented unilateral THRs (Male:Female 230:282) performed between 2004 and 2011, we aimed to determine the rate of dislocation in patients who received a 22 mm head on a 9/10 Morse taper through a posterior approach with capsular repair and using the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) as a guide for the alignment of the acetabular component. The mean age of the patients at operation was 67 years (35 to 89). The mean follow-up was 2.8 years (0.5 to 6.6). Pre- and post-operative assessment included Oxford hip, Short Form-12 and modified University of California Los Angeles and Merle D’Aubigne scores. The angles of inclination and anteversion of the acetabular components were measured using radiological software. There were four dislocations (0.78%), all of which were anterior.

In conclusion, THR with a 22 mm diameter head performed through a posterior approach with capsular repair and using the TAL as a guide for the alignment of the acetabular component was associated with a low rate of dislocation.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2014;96-B:1202–6.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 68-B, Issue 4 | Pages 620 - 624
1 Aug 1986
James J Steijn-Myagkaya G

Ischaemia kills osteocytes, but opinions differ as to how long they can survive. These differences are due to the varying methods of inducing ischaemia, and to the different criteria for diagnosing cell death. Using rabbit bone and a technique of in vitro ischaemia at 37 degrees C, we have shown by electron microscopy that, after up to two hours, the changes which occur are probably reversible; after four hours, the cells were irreversibly damaged. This difference could not be detected by light microscopy. After 24 hours of ischaemia, most lacunae were empty or contained only osteocyte debris. We conclude that osteocytes suffer irreversible damage after in vitro ischaemia of about two hours, which is much the same response as that of most other mammalian cells.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 65-B, Issue 2 | Pages 186 - 188
1 Mar 1983
Fath M Hassanein M James J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 63-B, Issue 1 | Pages 61 - 66
1 Feb 1981
Figueiredo U James J

A series of 98 patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis have been analysed. This showed that between the ages of four and six there was a higher incidence in boys whereas between seven and nine years of age, the proportion of girls was higher. Regardless of sex and age the majority of the curves were convex to the right and the single thoracic curve was the commonest pattern. Spontaneous resolution occurred in seven patients: in four the curves resolved within two years; in the three others the curves resolved in three, four and five years respectively. Forty-four per cent of all patients were managed conservatively and in 56 per cent spinal fusion was carried out.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 60-B, Issue 1 | Pages 3 - 4
1 Feb 1978
James J

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 58-B, Issue 3 | Pages 305 - 312
1 Aug 1976
McMaster M James J

A series of 246 patients with scoliosis and attempted fusion had exploration performed six months later in order to detect and treat any pseudarthrosis at an early stage and so prevent subsequent loss of correction. Bilateral or unilateral pseudarthroses occurred in 25 per cent and were of three types--definite, hairline and doubtful. Single unilateral pseudarthroses accounted for 6 per cent and were of little if any clinical significance. The hairline pseudarthroses could not be seen radiologically and were easily missed at exploration. In general the pseudarthroses were least common in the more rigid parts of the spine and in curves which by nature of their aetiology or long duration had become most rigid. Neither the initial severity of the curve nor the degree of correction obtained before the initial attempted fusion had any apparent effect on the incidence. Follow-up for an average of four years has shown that a pseudarthrosis is of little significance with regard to the ultimate result provided it is recognised early and repaired.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 51-B, Issue 1 | Pages 165 - 174
1 Feb 1969
Rösingh GE James J

1. An investigation was made of the tolerance of the cells in the femoral head in rabbits for ischaemia brought about by transecting the ligament of the femoral head and applying a ligature around the femoral neck. The animals were killed two, six, twelve, twenty-four and seventy-two hours after operation.

2. In the cells of the bone marrow and in the osteoblasts distinct histological signs of disintegration were present six hours after operation. Pyknosis of the osteocyte nuclei was found after twenty-four hours' ischaemia; sometimes vacuolar clarifications could be observed in these pyknotic nuclei. After three days of ischaemia the staining affinity for Feulgen and haematoxylin of a number of osteocyte nuclei had visibly decreased.

3. The Feulgen-DNA content of the osteocyte nuclei-as measured in individual nuclei by means of an integrated microdensitometer-was significantly reduced as compared with similar nuclei from the control side as early as after six hours of ischaemia. This DNA loss was progressive with the period of ischaemia. From these facts, the conclusion was reached that in the femoral head of the rabbit the period of reversible damage for osteocytes must have ended within six hours.