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The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 1 | Pages 97 - 101
1 Jan 2016
Jaffray DC Eisenstein SM Balain B Trivedi JM Newton Ede M


The authors present the results of a cohort study of 60 adult patients presenting sequentially over a period of 15 years from 1997 to 2012 to our hospital for treatment of thoracic and/or lumbar vertebral burst fractures, but without neurological deficit.


All patients were treated by early mobilisation within the limits of pain, early bracing for patient confidence and all progress in mobilisation was recorded on video. Initial hospital stay was one week. Subsequent reviews were made on an outpatient basis.

The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 95-B, Issue 2 | Pages 210 - 216
1 Feb 2013
Balain B Jaiswal A Trivedi JM Eisenstein SM Kuiper JH Jaffray DC

The revised Tokuhashi, Tomita and modified Bauer scores are commonly used to make difficult decisions in the management of patients presenting with spinal metastases. A prospective cohort study of 199 consecutive patients presenting with spinal metastases, treated with either surgery and/or radiotherapy, was used to compare the three systems. Cox regression, Nagelkerke’s R2 and Harrell’s concordance were used to compare the systems and find their best predictive items. The three systems were equally good in terms of overall prognostic performance. Their most predictive items were used to develop the Oswestry Spinal Risk Index (OSRI), which has a similar concordance, but a larger coefficient of determination than any of these three scores. A bootstrap procedure was used to internally validate this score and determine its prediction optimism.

The OSRI is a simple summation of two elements: primary tumour pathology (PTP) and general condition (GC): OSRI = PTP + (2 – GC).

This simple score can predict life expectancy accurately in patients presenting with spinal metastases. It will be helpful in making difficult clinical decisions without the delay of extensive investigations.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2013;95-B:210–16.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 6 | Pages 782 - 784
1 Jun 2007
Cribb GL Jaffray DC Cassar-Pullicino VN

We have treated 15 patients with massive lumbar disc herniations non-operatively. Repeat MR scanning after a mean 24 months (5 to 56) showed a dramatic resolution of the herniation in 14 patients. No patient developed a cauda equina syndrome.

We suggest that this condition may be more benign than previously thought.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1205 - 1205
1 Nov 2000