header advert
Results 1 - 4 of 4
Results per page:
The Bone & Joint Journal
Vol. 98-B, Issue 1_Supple_A | Pages 6 - 9
1 Jan 2016
Fillingham Y Jacobs J

The continual cycle of bone formation and resorption is carried out by osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts under the direction of the bone-signaling pathway. In certain situations the host cycle of bone repair is insufficient and requires the assistance of bone grafts and their substitutes. The fundamental properties of a bone graft are osteoconduction, osteoinduction, osteogenesis, and structural support. Options for bone grafting include autogenous and allograft bone and the various isolated or combined substitutes of calcium sulphate, calcium phosphate, tricalcium phosphate, and coralline hydroxyapatite. Not all bone grafts will have the same properties. As a result, understanding the requirements of the clinical situation and specific properties of the various types of bone grafts is necessary to identify the ideal graft. We present a review of the bone repair process and properties of bone grafts and their substitutes to help guide the clinician in the decision making process.

Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B(1 Suppl A):6–9.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 88-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1401 - 1405
1 Oct 2006
Honl M Schwieger K Salineros M Jacobs J Morlock M Wimmer M

We compared the orientation of the acetabular component obtained by a conventional manual technique with that using five different navigation systems.

Three surgeons carried out five implantations of an acetabular component with each navigation system, as well as manually, using an anatomical model. The orientation of the acetabular component, including inclination and anteversion, and its position was determined using a co-ordinate measuring machine.

The variation of the orientation of the acetabular component was higher in the conventional group compared with the navigated group. One experienced surgeon took significantly less time for the procedure. However, his placement of the component was no better than that of the less experienced surgeons. Significantly better inclination and anteversion (p < 0.001 for both) were obtained using navigation. These parameters were not significantly different between the surgeons when using the conventional technique (p = 0.966).

The use of computer navigation helps a surgeon to orientate the acetabular component with less variation regarding inclination and anteversion.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 76-B, Issue 1 | Pages 60 - 67
1 Jan 1994
Shanbhag A Jacobs J Glant T Gilbert J Black J Galante J

Interfacial membranes collected at revision from 11 failed uncemented Ti-alloy total hip replacements were examined. Particles in the membranes were characterised by electron microscopy, microchemical spectroscopy and particle size analysis. Most were polyethylene and had a mean size of 0.53 micron +/- 0.3. They were similar to the particles seen in the base resin used in the manufacture of the acetabular implants. Relatively few titanium particles were seen. Fragments of bone, stainless steel and silicate were found in small amounts. Most of the polyethylene particles were too small to be seen by light microscopy. Electron microscopy and spectroscopic techniques are required to provide an accurate description of this debris.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 74-B, Issue 5 | Pages 740 - 744
1 Sep 1992
Jacobs J Rosenbaum D Hay R Gitelis S Black J

We present the case of a 65-year-old man who developed a malignant fibrous histiocytoma at the lesser trochanter five months after a cementless hip replacement. We have reviewed reports of similar cases and discuss them in terms of the possible mechanisms of sarcomatous degeneration and the latency of such changes.