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Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 12, Issue 1 | Pages 5 - 8
1 Jan 2023
Im G

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2023;12(1):5–8.

Bone & Joint Research
Vol. 10, Issue 2 | Pages 134 - 136
1 Feb 2021
Im G

The high prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA), as well as the current lack of disease-modifying drugs for OA, has provided a rationale for regenerative medicine as a possible treatment modality for OA treatment. In this editorial, the current status of regenerative medicine in OA including stem cells, exosomes, and genes is summarized along with the author’s perspectives. Despite a tremendous interest, so far there is very little evidence proving the efficacy of this modality for clinical application. As symptomatic relief is not sufficient to justify the high cost associated with regenerative medicine, definitive structural improvement that would last for years or decades and obviate or delay the need for joint arthroplasty is essential for regenerative medicine to retain a place among OA treatment methods.

Cite this article: Bone Joint Res 2021;10(2):134–136.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 83-B, Issue 2 | Pages 289 - 294
1 Mar 2001
Im G Kim D Shin J Hyun C Cho W

In 16 mature New Zealand white rabbits mesenchymal stem cells were aspirated from the bone marrow, cultured in monolayer and implanted on to a full-thickness osteochondral defect artificially made on the patellar groove of the same rabbit. A further 13 rabbits served as a control group. The rabbits were killed after 14 weeks. Healing of the defect was investigated histologically using haematoxylin and eosin and Safranin-O staining and with immunohistochemical staining for type-II collagen. We also used a reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect mRNA of type-I and type-II collagen.

The semiquantitative histological scores were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (p < 0.05). In the experimental group immunohistochemical staining on newly formed cartilage was more intense for type-II collagen in the matrix and RT-PCR from regenerated cartilage detected mRNA for type-II collagen in mature chondrocytes. These findings suggest that repair of cartilage defects can be enhanced by the implantation of cultured mesenchymal stem cells.