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The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 8 | Pages 1112 - 1117
1 Aug 2010
Clement ND Hallett A MacDonald D Howie C McBirnie J

We compared the outcome of arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff in 32 diabetic patients with the outcome in 32 non-diabetic patients matched for age, gender, size of tear and comorbidities. The Constant-Murley score improved from a mean of 49.2 (24 to 80) pre-operatively to 60.8 (34 to 95) post-operatively (p = 0.0006) in the diabetic patients, and from 46.4 (23 to 90) pre-operatively to 65.2 (25 to 100) post-operatively (p = 0.0003) in the non-diabetic patients at six months. This was significantly greater (p = 0.0002) in non-diabetic patients (18.8) than in diabetics (11.6). There was no significant change in the mean mental component of the Short-Form 12, but the mean physical component increased from 35 to 41 in non-diabetics (p = 0.0001), and from 37 to 39 (p = 0.15) in diabetics. These trends were observed at one year.

Patients with diabetes showed improvement of pain and function following arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in the short term, but less than their non-diabetic counterparts.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1675 - 1680
1 Dec 2005
Howie C Hughes H Watts AC

This population-based study investigated the incidence and trends in venous thromboembolic disease after total hip and knee arthroplasty over a ten-year period. Death or readmission for venous thromboembolic disease up to two years after surgery for all patients in Scotland was the primary outcome. The incidence of venous thromboembolic disease, including fatal pulmonary embolism, three months after surgery was 2.27% for primary hip arthroplasty and 1.79% for total knee arthroplasty. The incidence of fatal pulmonary embolism within three months was 0.22% for total hip arthroplasty and 0.15% for total knee arthroplasty. The majority of events occurred after hospital discharge, with no apparent trend over the period. The data support current advice that prophylaxis should be continued for at least six weeks following surgery. Despite the increased use of policies for prophylaxis and earlier mobilisation, there has been no change in the incidence of venous thromboembolic disease.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 72-B, Issue 6 | Pages 971 - 979
1 Nov 1990
Anthony P Gie G Howie C Ling R

Four cases are described of localised endosteal bone lysis in the femur occurring in association with cemented femoral components that were not obviously 'loose' radiologically. In each, the area of lysis was shown at operation to be related directly to a region in which there was a local defect in the cement mantle surrounding the stem. Via the space between the stem and cement, such defects provide a route through which the contents of the joint cavity may reach the endosteal surface of the femur, subsequently leading to localised bone lysis, and later to frank loosening.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 71-B, Issue 3 | Pages 533 - 533
1 May 1989
Howie C Fulford G Stewart K

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 2 | Pages 206 - 210
1 Mar 1988
Christie J Court-Brown C Kinninmonth A Howie C

Intramedullary locking nails have proved to be of considerable advantage when treating complex, comminuted or segmental femoral shaft fractures. We have reviewed 117 patients with 120 femoral shaft fractures treated with the Strasbourg device. These included 20 compound fractures, 13 pathological fractures and two non-unions. Rehabilitation and union rates have been very satisfactory and there have been no serious infections in the series. Comminution of the proximal femur has occurred in six patients and there have been three femoral neck fractures, but all of these have healed without further complications.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 70-B, Issue 2 | Pages 199 - 201
1 Mar 1988
Christie J Howie C Armour P

One hundred and twenty-seven consecutive patients with displaced subcapital fractures of the femoral neck (Garden Grade III or IV) all under 80 years of age and independently mobile, were randomly allocated to fixation with either double divergent pins or a single sliding screw-plate device. The incidence of non-union and infection in the sliding screw-plate group was significantly higher, and we believe that when internal fixation is considered appropriate multiple pinning should be used. Mobility after treatment was disappointing in about half of the patients, and we feel that internal fixation can only be justified in patients who are physiologically well preserved and who maintain a high level of activity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 4 | Pages 564 - 566
1 Aug 1985
Howie C Smith G Christie J Gregg P

Torsion and subsequent ischaemia is a well-recognised cause of symptoms and morbidity in general surgery. We present three cases of solitary pigmented villonodular tumours of the knee which were found to have undergone torsion. We believe these to be the first intra-articular tumours in which torsion has been reported.