header advert
Results 1 - 3 of 3
Results per page:
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 89-B, Issue 10 | Pages 1309 - 1316
1 Oct 2007
Gosvig KK Jacobsen S Palm H Sonne-Holm S Magnusson E

Femoroacetabular cam impingement is thought to be a cause of premature osteoarthritis of the hip.

The presence of cam malformation was determined in 2803 standardised anteroposterior (AP) pelvic radiographs from the Copenhagen Osteoarthritis Study by measuring the alpha (α) angle and the triangular index, a new measure of asphericity of the femoral head. In addition, the α-angle and the triangular index were assessed on the AP and lateral hip radiographs of 82 men and 82 women randomly selected from patients scheduled for total hip replacement (THR). The influence of varying femoral rotation on the α angle and the triangular index was also determined in femoral specimens under experimental conditions.

From the 2803 radiographs the mean AP α-angle was 55° (30° to 100°) in men and 45° (34° to 108°) in women. Approximately 6% of men and 2% of women had cam malformation. The α-angle and triangular index were highly inter-related. Of those patients scheduled for THR, 36 men (44%) and 28 women (35%) had cam malformation identifiable on the AP radiographs. The triangular index proved to be more reliable in detecting cam malformation when the hip was held in varying degrees of rotation.

The combination of the α-angle and the triangular index will allow examination of historical radiographs for epidemiological purposes in following the natural history of the cam deformity.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 87-B, Issue 4 | Pages 471 - 477
1 Apr 2005
Jacobsen S Sonne-Holm S Søballe K Gebuhr P Lund B

In a longitudinal case-control study, we followed 81 subjects with dysplasia of the hip and 136 control subjects without dysplasia for ten years assessing radiological evidence of degeneration of the hip at admission and follow-up. There were no cases of subluxation in the group with dysplasia. Neither subjects with dysplasia nor controls had radiological signs of ongoing degenerative disease at admission. The primary radiological discriminator of degeneration of the hip was a change in the minimum joint space width over time. There were no significant differences between these with dysplasia and controls in regard to age, body mass index or occupational exposure to daily repeated lifting at admission.

We found no significant differences in the reduction of the joint space width at follow-up between subjects with dysplasia and the control subjects nor in self-reported pain in the hip. The association of subluxation and/or associated acetabular labral tears with dysplasia of the hip may be a conditional factor for the development of premature osteoarthritis in mildly to moderately dysplastic hips.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 69-B, Issue 1 | Pages 80 - 83
1 Jan 1987
Jorgensen U Sonne-Holm S Lauridsen F Rosenklint A

We report the results of a prospective longitudinal study of 147 athletes who had had a meniscectomy for an isolated meniscus injury. The patients were reviewed in detail after median periods of 4.5 years and 14.5 years and the results analysed. The frequency of complaints related to the operation increased from 53% at 4.5 years to 67% at 14.5 years, while demonstrable knee instability increased from 10% to 36%. The incidence of radiographic changes of degeneration rose from 40% to 89% and at late review 8% of patients had definite osteoarthritis by the criteria of Ahlback (1968). In consequence 46% had given up or reduced their sporting activity, and 6.5% had changed their occupation. Radiographic deterioration started after the 4.5-year review in 49% of the patients and was more frequent after lateral than medial meniscectomy.