header advert
Results 1 - 2 of 2
Results per page:
The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 82-B, Issue 3 | Pages 364 - 368
1 Apr 2000
Horii M Kubo T Hirasawa Y

We carried out radial MRI in 30 hips with moderate osteoarthritis and in ten normal hips. On a scout view containing the entire acetabular rim, 12 vertical radial slices were set at 15° intervals. Different appearances were observed in different parts of the joint. In the weight-bearing portion, from 45° anterosuperior to 45° posterosuperior, ‘attenuation’ (n = 16) and ‘disappearance’ (n = 25) were observed as abnormalities of the labrum with ‘capsular stripping’ (n = 29) and ‘extraosseous high signal lesion’ (n = 27) as capsular abnormalities, seen more often in the anterosuperior portion. In all 12 planes there were osteophytes on the acetabular edge (n = 24), femoral head (n = 22) and/or at the central acetabulum (n = 6), a bone cyst on the acetabulum (n = 18) and/or the femoral head (n = 9), irregularity of the articular cartilage (n = 30), and an effusion (n = 28). Our findings indicate that radial MRI may be a useful non-invasive diagnostic method for demonstrating pathology in moderate osteoarthritis of the hip.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 67-B, Issue 5 | Pages 814 - 819
1 Nov 1985
Hirasawa Y Katsumi Y Tokioka T

We have studied the restoration of sensation in 24 patients after operations involving the digital nerves of the thumb. These comprised 10 neurorrhaphies, two nerve graftings, five replantations, one toe-to-thumb transfer and six neurovascular island flaps. The average follow-up period was 46 months. Greater sensitivity was found in the moving two-point discrimination (2PD) test than in the static 2PD test. The results of the Semmes-Weinstein test showed good correlation with the static 2PD test. Porter's letter test showed correlations with both 2PD tests, and the pulp-writing test showed good correlation with the moving 2PD test. The neurorrhaphy cases had the best results using the static 2PD and Semmes-Weinstein test, and had good restoration of sensation; the replantation cases were next best. After neurovascular island flaps, patients exhibited hypersensitivity, double sensation and distorted images on the pulp-writing test. Using this same test the nerve grafting cases had distorted touch perception and perceived a straight line as a curve. The pulp-writing test, using moving touch, is one method of examining mechanoreceptors and shows to what extent the patient perceives what touches the finger pulp; it gives a better indication of higher functions than the 2PD test.