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Bone & Joint Open
Vol. 2, Issue 5 | Pages 330 - 336
21 May 2021
Balakumar B Nandra RS Woffenden H Atkin B Mahmood A Cooper G Cooper J Hindle P


It is imperative to understand the risks of operating on urgent cases during the COVID-19 (SARS-Cov-2 virus) pandemic for clinical decision-making and medical resource planning. The primary aim was to determine the mortality risk and associated variables when operating on urgent cases during the COVID-19 pandemic. The secondary objective was to assess differences in the outcome of patients treated between sites treating COVID-19 and a separate surgical site.


The primary outcome measure was 30-day mortality. Secondary measures included complications of surgery, COVID-19 infection, and length of stay. Multiple variables were assessed for their contribution to the 30-day mortality. In total, 433 patients were included with a mean age of 65 years; 45% were male, and 90% were Caucasian.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 94-B, Issue 1 | Pages 1 - 9
1 Jan 2012
Robinson CM Seah KTM Chee YH Hindle P Murray IR

Frozen shoulder is commonly encountered in general orthopaedic practice. It may arise spontaneously without an obvious predisposing cause, or be associated with a variety of local or systemic disorders. Diagnosis is based upon the recognition of the characteristic features of the pain, and selective limitation of passive external rotation. The macroscopic and histological features of the capsular contracture are well-defined, but the underlying pathological processes remain poorly understood. It may cause protracted disability, and imposes a considerable burden on health service resources. Most patients are still managed by physiotherapy in primary care, and only the more refractory cases are referred for specialist intervention. Targeted therapy is not possible and treatment remains predominantly symptomatic. However, over the last ten years, more active interventions that may shorten the clinical course, such as capsular distension arthrography and arthroscopic capsular release, have become more popular.

This review describes the clinical and pathological features of frozen shoulder. We also outline the current treatment options, review the published results and present our own treatment algorithm.

The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery British Volume
Vol. 92-B, Issue 12 | Pages 1632 - 1635
1 Dec 2010
Hindle P

This paper outlines the history of advances made in the treatment of open fractures that have occurred during wartime.